Tempo Cover Story: Divorce, Suharto Style: A Slice of Cendana
Feb 12, 2008 05:02 PST
5 Tempo Cover Story Reports [+Supersemar]:
- A Slice of Cendana Pie
- Fighting Over Community Property [a list of Bambang
Trihatmodjo and Halimah Agustina Kamil's wealth incl:
Ships, Autos, Land, Stocks, Bank Accounts, Investments]
- Editorial: Divorce, Cendana Style
- Business Booms and Busts [Bambang Trihatmodjo's businesses
have expanded and shrunk in line with the political situation
- Other Divorces in Cendana
- Unhappy Inheritance [The prosecutor named Suharto's six
children as defendants in the Supersemar Foundation case.]
- Education Funds for Business
February 12-18, 2008
A Slice of Cendana Pie
A partial list of Bambang Trihatmodjo's wealth contested by his
wife came to light during their divorce hearing, confirming
reports from sources of immense riches owned by the Suharto
IN a courtroom at the Central Jakarta Religious Court, a part of
the Suharto family wealth was exposed. Long a mystery, the
revelation came to light during the divorce hearing of Halimah
Augustina Kamil and Bambang Trihatmodjo, Suharto's third child.
It started out as a typical divorce hearing, despite the
attention of the entertainment media. Bambang was divorcing
Halimah, who he married 27 years ago, and she was contesting it.
In fact, she sought assurances from the Religious Court to
prevent the family wealth from changing hands.
"This is the first case of this kind in Indonesia," said Nuheri,
a member of the panel of judges handling the request for
confiscation of property. It was at this court that Halimah,
through her lawyer, on November 12 last year, submitted a list
of her family's wealth. On the list, Bambang's family assets
were divided into several categories: real estate, shipping,
automobiles and stocks.
Various land properties, under the name of Bambang or the
companies he owns, are located in Jakarta, Bogor, Purwakarta,
the Thousand Islands, Situbondo, and Kuta in Bali. The total
area of all this property combined comes to more than 1,000
hectares or about 10 square kilometers. This is about a fifth of
the area of Central Jakarta, which is 55 square kilometers.
Bambang's family owns seven ships and 18 cars, among them a VW
Touareg which has a market price of Rp1.5 billion, and a Porsche
Cayenne which in 2003 went for Rp1 billion. Most of these
vehicles are in Bambang's name, while some are in Halimah's name.
Bambang, 55, and Halimah, 51, also control hundreds of millions
of company shares, both directly or by proxy. They own 175
million shares or 99.99 percent of the stock in Asriland, a
company which has numerous subsidiaries.
Through Asriland, Bambang owns, among other things, 13.82
percent of the stock of PT Global Mediacom Tbk. This is the
parent company for, among others, the RCTI television station,
Mobile-8 Telecom (operator of Fren cellular), and Plaza
Indonesia. They also control half of the ownership of PT Cardig,
which purchased Mandala Air from the Dharma Kostrad Foundation
two years ago.
Additionally, according to the list, Bambang controls 99.74
percent of the stock in PT Hyundai Indonesia Motor. In short,
the wealth of this family seems to be spread across numerous
sectors: from a television station to a telephone operator, from
a capsule factory to the automotive industry, from hotel
management to island property.
There is no official estimate of the value of this wealth, but
Lelyana Santosa, Halimah's lawyer, once told the entertainment
media that the assets were valued at about Rp14 trillion. She
told Tempo that all of the data was valid. "At least my client
thinks so," she said. "Those are all assets in the clear, with
liabilities already figured in."
Juan Felix Tampubolon, Bambang's lawyer, on the other hand,
feels that there are mistakes on the list. Many company names on
the list, he said, were inaccurate. "Pak Bambang was amazed and
had to laugh at it all. There were names of companies he had
never heard of," said Juan Felix.
According to Lelyana, the data was compiled right after Halimah
was sued for divorce by her husband, in the middle of last year.
Indeed, there has been no special accounting. There have been
only notes from companies where Halimah had once sat as
commissioner. Some of the data comes from Lelyana's legal firm.
"Our client has confirmed which ones are no longer the family's
property and which ones still are," she said.
Bambang's assets overseas are not on the list, among them an
apartment in Beverly Hills, Los Angeles, where the family
usually stays when they visit the United States. "I don't know
why it was not on the list," said Lelyana.
* * *
BAMBANG Trihatmodjo and Halimah Augustina Kamil were married on
October 24, 1981. Five months later, Bambang founded Bimantara
Citra, which rapidly grew in value and importance, thanks to a
bit of parental collusion and a lot of help from his cronies.
During its prime, Bimantara created 100 subsidiary companies in
Initially, Bimantara was a trading company. Almost overnight, it
expanded to include businesses in banking, insurance, luxury
homes, construction, television, hotels, transportation,
plantations, fisheries, automotive, food, chemicals and tourism.
Bimantara was the first company in Indonesia to obtain a license
to operate a television station, namely RCTI.
In 1991, Bambang cornered the orange market in Kalimantan.
Growers had to sell their produce to PT Bima Citra Mandiri,
which he owned. This company received 10 percent of the sales
price. They also took Rp1,500 per kilo for warehouse rental,
loading and unloading costs.
During the 1990s, orange production in West Kalimantan was
abundant, about 120,000 tons annually. This meant that from the
warehouse rental and loading and unloading fees alone, Bima
Citra took in Rp180 billion a year. Instead of increasing the
income of farmers, however, this commerce ruined the livelihoods
of many orange growers. In 1993, the company was dissolved.
Together with his father on January 15, 1996, Bambang founded
the Dana Sejahtera Mandiri (Damandiri) Foundation. Suharto was
chairman and Bambang was treasurer. This foundation had a noble
aim: "to become a vehicle for the people to work together to
bring about prosperity for disadvantaged and ordinary families."
For this "noble purpose," Suharto passed a regulation whereby 2
percent was to be taken off income tax on all taxable income
over Rp100 million. This was to be deposited into the Damandiri
bank account. According to the calculations of the Attorney
General's Office, Rp4.5 trillion was collected in two years time.
In 1997, Rp112.7 billion of that money was deposited in
Bambang's Andromeda Bank. The funds vanished when Andromeda was
frozen on November 1, 1997. Another Rp330.3 billion was
deposited in Bank Alfa, which Bambang bought two weeks after
Andromeda was dissolved.
As it turned out, those funds could not be recovered because
Bank Alfa was liquidated on March 13, 1999. The criminal case
file on Suharto read: "The state incurred losses up to Rp442.8
billion in the Damandiri case." But this was never publicly
exposed because Suharto was declared permanently ill in 1999.
Is the list of assets Halimah submitted to the Religious Court
in any way connected to the questionable Suharto family
businesses? Lelyana claims not to know. "As a lawyer, I have
never asked where the items on that list came from," she said.
Juan Felix said that even though Bambang's wealth may appear to
be immense, he is also greatly in debt. "When all his debts are
calculated, maybe all of his wealth is not enough to pay it
off," said Juan Felix, laughing.
Meanwhile, according to the December 2007 edition of Forbes
magazine, Bambang Trihatmodjo is the 33rd richest person in
Indonesia. His wealth is estimated at US$200 million. This
calculation was made based on stock prices and the exchange
rates at that time.
Bambang himself could not be contacted for confirmation. Tempo
waited a day, on Friday last week, at his home in Simprug Golf,
in the Patal Senayan area of South Jakarta. The light-brown
house is enclosed by a fence almost 2 meters high. According to
Halimah's list, the house is in her husband's name.
This is where Bambang lives with Mayangsari, his second wife. A
makeshift guard post, made of wood and blue tarpaulin stands in
front of the house. Two police officers were inside. "He is not
here. He wasn't here yesterday either," said Rois, one of the
police officers. Just before 2pm, a Toyota Alphard often used by
Mayangsari entered the house. Only the driver could be seen in
Two hours later, the same Alphard could be seen parked across
from a house at Jalan Tasikmalaya 17, Menteng, Central Jakarta.
This is another one of Bambang's many houses, near the Suharto
complex. A police officer guarding the house gave a definitive:
"He is not here."
-- Budi Setyarso, Arif A. Kuswardono, Wahyu Dhyatmika, Adek
February 12-18, 2008
Fighting Over Community Property
SINCE they got married on October 14, 1981, Bambang Trihatmodjo
and Halimah Agustina Kamil have gradually become richer and
richer. They own over 1,000 hectares of land, located throughout
Jakarta, around Purwakarta, the Thousand Islands and Bali. They
need about 200 meters of space just to park their 18
automobiles. They also have stock in various companies.
Bimantara, Mercruiser engine
Citra, Mercruiser engine
Fountain, Yamaha engine
Lemuru, Yamaha engine
Madrim, Detroit engine
Sumbadra, Yamaha engine
Utik, Yamaha engine
Hyundai Santa Fe
5 Toyota Kijangs
Ownership of 99.9% of Asriland
Investments via Asriland:
PT Bumi Kusuma Prima: 55%
PT Global Mediacom Tbk
(PT Bimantara Citra): 13.82%
PT Media Nusantara Citra Tbk: 70%
PT Mobile-8 Telecom Tbk: 60.76%
PT Indonesia Air Transport Tbk: 79.81%
PT Plaza Indonesia Realty Tbk: 18.29%
PT Rajawali Citra Televisi Indonesia
PT Elektrindo Nusantara: 51%
PT Trans Javagas Pipeline: 49%
PT Trihasra Bimanusa Tunggal: 35%
PT Cardig Air: 50%
PT Bima Kimia Citra: 30%
PT Multi Nirotama Kimia: 40%
PT Nusadua Graha International: 36.56%
PT Duta Nusabina Lestari: 30%
PT Usaha Gedung Bimantara: 100%
PT Citra International Finance & Investment
PT Citra International Underwriters: 55%
PT Jasa Angkasa Semesta: 25.50%
PT Plaza Nusantara Realty: 13.5%
PT Serasi Tunggal Karya: 7%
PT Polychem Undo: 60%
PT Bukit Sentul Tbk
PT Gemini Sinar Perkasa: 65%
PT Javalas Artha Asri: 99.99%
PT Andromeda Sekuritas: 33.33%
PT Asri Pelangi Nusa: 96%
PT Bhakti Investama Tbk: 0.59%
PT Tugure: 20%
PT Asia Pacific Petroleum Refinery Indonesia:
PT Kapsulindo Nusantara: 63%
PT Binajasa Hantarindo: 70%
PT Herwindo Rintis: 35%
PT Bina Cakra Niaga: 45%
Bina Cakra Investments:
PT Hyundai Indonesia: 99.74%
PT Kawasaki Motor Indonesia: 7.5%
PT Citrakarya Pranata: 70%
PT Senantiasa Makmur: 10%
Stocks owned through third parties:
PT Panji Rama Otomotif: 1,050 shares through
Djoko Leksono Sugiarto
PT Bina Cakra Niaga: 45% through Abraxas Capital
PT Asri Wahana Intinusa through Junanda Puce
Syarfuan and Aziz Mochtar
PT Kekar Plastindo through Anas Bahfen
PT Dinamika Bahari Sejahtera through Bimmy Indrawan
Tjahja and Sugeng Tunggono
PT Binajasa Hantarindo through Bob Hippy
PT Javalas Artha Asri through Bambang Wibowo
PT Grandauto Dinamika through Djoko Leksono Sugiarto
Brinkley Associates Ltd
PT Karang Agung Asri: 70%
PT Cilegon Saran Industria: 25%
PT Cilegon Centra Petrokemin: 25%
PT Pacific Tribina Petrokimia: 25%
PT Asri Safari Bali: 100%
PT Asri Sentra Citraindo: 100%
PT Zaman Bangun Perwita: 100%
PT Cipta Bintani Megah: 50%
PT Mutiara Citra Jayasanti: 60%
PT Dutarendra Mulia Sejahtera: 20%
PT Karunia Alam Abadi: 43%
PT Kresna Sarana Media: 60%
Berita Yudha Press: 51%
PT Kapsulindo Nusantara: 62.75%
PT Lamicitra Nusantara
PT Laksana Citra Nusantara
PT Graha Tama Wisesa: 50%
PT Adipuri Inti Satya: 10%
PT Panen Lestari Internusa
PT Tugu Reasuransi Indonesia: 20%
PT Citra Marga Nusaphala Persada Tbk
PT Bhuwanatala Indah Permai Tbk
PT Cardig Lep Internasional: 45% through Cardig Air
PT Batamindo Investment Cakrawala (BIC): 50%
PT Batamindo Executive Village: 60% through BIC
Private Holding Ltd
Jalan Tanjung 24, 26, Central Jakarta: 1,259 square meters
Ciganjur Boulevard, Pasar Minggu, South Jakarta: 3,105
Cisarua, Tugu Selatan, Bogor: 3,579 square meters
Jalan Tanjung 23, Menteng, Central Jakarta: 1,985 square
Jalan KH Wahid Hasyim 40, Kebon Sirih, Central Jakarta:
510 square meters
Ciganjur Boulevard, Pasar Minggu, South Jakarta: 3,000
Megamendung, Bogor: 4,650 square meters
Kampung Satu, Ciganjur, South Jakarta: 867 square meters
Jalan Simprug Garden II, South Grogol, Kebayoran Lama,
South Jakarta: 2,534 square meters
Jalan Simprug Blok G No. 19, South Grogol, Kebayoran Lama,
South Jakarta: 492 square meters
Jalan Simprug Garden II, South Grogol, Kebayoran Lama,
South Jakarta: 4,114 square meters
Pondok Karya, Pondok Aren, Tangerang: 1,480 square meters
Kuta, Jimbaran, Bali: 4,350 square meters
Kuta, Jimbaran, Bali: 300 square meters
Kuta, Jimbaran, Bali: 5,550 square meters
Kuta, Jimbaran, Bali: 13,725 square meters
Ciganjur RT 006/06, Jagakarsa, South Jakarta: 200 square
Ciganjur, Jagakarsa, South Jakarta: 157 square meters
Jalan Moh. Kahfi I, Kamp. Setu, Ciganjur, South Jakarta:
2,290 square meters
Kelapa Island, Thousand Islands: 44,765 square meters
Jalan Simprug Garden II, South Grogol: 2,705 square meters
Jalan Casablanca, South Jakarta: 21,250 square meters
Jalan Wahid Hasyim 46-A, Kebon Sirih, Central Jakarta:
563 square meters
Wanakerta, Campaka, Purwakarta: 319,360 square meters
Cinangka, Campaka, Purwakarta, West Java: 219,500 square meters
Cikopo, Campaka, Purwakarta, West Java: 3,678,140 square meters
Situbondo, East Java: 479.6 hectares
Land at Jalan Cempaka Putih Raya No. 1, East Jakarta
Jalan Simprug Golf XVI No. 36, South Jakarta.
Jalan Tanjung 29, Central Jakarta: 1,130 square meters
Tarogong Kecil, Pondok Pinang, South Jakarta: 1,118 square meters
Bank of America, Beverly Hills, Main 460 N Beverly Drive,
Beverly Hills, California
Two demand deposit accounts in BNI Central Jakarta
February 12-18, 2008
RECOVERING Suharto's wealth should not be as difficult as
finding a needle in a haystack. All that is needed is
single-mindedness, determination and confidence. Where there is
a will, there is a way.
And the way forward is right before our eyes. If they want to,
the authorities can see it for themselves, like the divorce
hearing involving Suharto's third child, Bambang Trihatmodjo and
his wife Halimah Agustina Kamil. Interestingly, it is not the
fact that the judge granted Bambang's petition for divorce and
ruled against Halimah at the appeal stage, but the extraordinary
size of the assets mentioned in the case. The amount being
contested totaled Rp14 trillion-possibly the biggest asset ever
jointly acquired in the history of Indonesian marriages.
This divorce case was like a captivating soap opera. Just look
at the facts. Halimah's lawyer asked the court to seize assets
belonging to the couple because she feared Bambang would
transfer them to Mayangsari, the attractive singer who is now
her ex-husband's second wife. Halimah was worried that thousands
of hectares of land around Jakarta, Purwakarta, the Thousand
Islands and Bali, together with tens of thousands of stocks and
dozens of automobiles and boats would suddenly slip out of her
The authorities could start by evaluating all of Bambang's
assets. In 1999, for example, Time magazine said that Bambang
Trihatmodjo owned Rp1.8 trillion, while Forbes in December 2007
estimated that Bambang had savings of Rp2 trillion. Where did
all this come from? These statements are at odds with the
repeated statements by the Cendana family, as the Suhartos are
known, that they did not own substantial assets.
It is difficult to believe that Bambang's wealth came from
"normal" business activities. It is an open secret that the
Cendana family obtained many facilities to help them to succeed
in their many businesses. Bimantara, Bambang's holding company,
was founded in 1981, the year many experts believe marked the
beginning of the "golden era" for Suharto's cronies.
For example, Bimantara, via Satelindo, was the first company to
obtain a GSM cellular network license. Bambang was the first to
be awarded a permit to establish a private television station in
Indonesia. And Bambang once held a monopoly on the orange trade
in Kalimantan-although he relinquished this because of criticism
that he was causing farmers to lose out. In 1999, Bambang bought
a 99 percent share in Bank Alfa-only two weeks after his Bank
Andromeda had been closed down by the government. Unlike other
bankers who were put on a "blacklist"-and were not allowed to
own or manage banks-Bambang faced no obstacles. At the time,
there were reports that Bank Indonesia only closed down Bank
Andromeda to give the impression the central bank was treating
everybody equally. As compensation, Bambang was given the chance
to buy Bank Alfa. Records of the Indonesian Bank Restructuring
Agency for 1999 show that Bambang Trihatmodjo was the biggest
debtor, along with Bank Mandiri, whose loans totaled more than
These facts should be enough to stir the government into action.
The assets belonging to the Cendana family must be audited
carefully to determine which of them are the product of
Suharto's nepotism and which are not. Bambang's assets must be
confiscated not only to stop them from being transferred outside
his control, but more importantly so that a court can decide if
the money was obtained legally or not.
The case of Tommy Suharto's cash at Bank Paribas must not happen
again. Unknown to the general public, the government
"repatriated" around Rp100 billion of Tommy's money that had
been frozen by Paribas because it was suspected to have been the
result of money laundering. There were indications that former
ministers Hamid Awaludin and Yusril Ihza Mahendra "knew
significantly" about the scandal.
We must hear no more of offers from the government of an
out-of-court settlement with the Cendana family, like the one
Attorney General Hendarman Supandji made when Suharto was still
ailing. The civil case against Suharto, which has now moved on
to his children, must be continued. The government must have the
confidence to believe that it can still recover the money
alleged to be the proceeds of misuses of power without resorting
to this tactic. An out-of-court settlement, apart from resulting
in far less money being recovered, will not explicitly "confirm"
that Suharto was the guilty party in this civil case.
A great deal of pondering must be done before this option is
taken. The Philippine government needed 18 years to retrieve
some of the wealth plundered by former President Ferdinand
Marcos, which was deposited in several Swiss banks.
Recovering Suharto's assets should not as difficult as finding a
needle in a haystack-if the will is there. The marital assets of
Bambang and Halimah could be just one of the starting points.
February 12-18, 2008
Business Booms and Busts
Bambang Trihatmodjo's businesses have expanded and shrunk in
line with the political situation in Indonesia.
THE company is called Asriland. That is the name of the colossal
holding company owned by Bambang Trihatmodjo, the third son of
the late President Suharto. With the reach of an octopus,
Asriland controls six subsidiaries and 20 sub-subsidiaries in
the fields of property, telecommunication, financial services
and the media industry. The total value of the company's
holdings is unclear. But in addition to land, luxury cars and a
foreign bank account, Asriland is on the list of community
property once shared by Bambang and his wife Halimah, which she
is now seeking to control through litigation. This request was
filed in connection with the couple's divorce proceedings.
Halimah claims that she and Bambang own 99.99 percent of the
stock in Asriland.
Asriland, in turn, owns 13.82 percent of Bimantara shares, a
company operating various types of businesses. Founded in 1981,
Bimantara's main shareholders are Bambang Trihatmodjo, Rosano
Barack and M. Tachril Sapi'ie. At the time of its establishment,
Asriland was the largest shareholder in Bimantara. Hence the
majority control was in Bambang Trihatmodjo's hands.
After Suharto's downfall, there were strident calls to bring the
New Order ruler to justice, alongside demands to confiscate his
family's wealth. Predictably, with the dwindling influence of
Suharto, some of his children's business interests suffered a
In 1998, Bimantara went into a slump. As of the second quarter
of 2000, the company had lost about Rp406 billion. At that time,
Bimantara had no choice but to heed the recommendation of the
Indonesian Bank Restructuring Agency (IBRA) to restructure the
company. Some of the subsidiary companies were sold off. Bambang
Trihatmodjo and Indra Rukmana, the husband of Siti Hardijanti
Rukmana, were removed as company commissioners.
In 2002, a young broker from Surabaya took over some of the
assets. He is Bambang Hary Iswanto Tanoesoedibjo, better known
as Hary Tanoe. Through his company Bhakti Investama, Hary took
control of 24.94 percent of Bimantara while Bambang's ownership
in Asriland shrunk to 12.37 percent.
According to rumors at the time, Bhakti Investama was just
operating as a front for other businesspeople close to the
Suharto family, but this was sharply denied by Hary Tanoe
himself. "It is not true that Bhakti is a front. Bhakti is a
public company," declared Hary, following the company's annual
shareholders meeting in April 2002.
After Hary took control, company profits increased. In 2004, the
company paid out dividends totaling Rp161 billion. Two years
later, the company's net profit shot up to Rp446 billion.
Although Bimantara is performing a lot better, the position of
the founding company, Asriland, has not changed significantly.
To date, the amount of their stock in the company only rose a
fraction to 13.82 percent. On the other hand, Bhakti Investama's
share rose to 45 percent in 2007.
Despite the unchanging status of the shares in Bimantara, the
company still owns plenty of other assets. Bimantara, for
instance, owns all of the businesses in the Bimantara Building
on Jalan Kebon Sirih, Central Jakarta. This company also owns
69.82 percent of RCTI television station. Bimantara recently
invested in the TPI television station, print media and a number
of radio stations. Halimah became a commissioner at a number of
these companies. "But I don't know which ones," said Lelyana
Santosa, Halimah's lawyer.
-- Wenseslaus Manggut, Retno Sari, Rika Panda
February 12-18, 2008
Other Divorces in Cendana
Not all former spouses of Suharto's children or grandchildren
are fighting over the family assets. Some left with what they
THERE are no more funeral events at the Cendana family compound.
The "family gatherings" are done with. Suharto's death on
January 27 did "reunite" the children and grandchildren of the
New Order ruler, if only briefly.
On the last day of the family gathering, two weeks ago, Ardhia
Pramesti Regita Cahyani, otherwise known as Tata, a former
Suharto in-law, wanted to satisfy her curiosity. On that night
she summoned the courage to visit her "old house" on Jalan
Suwiryo, Central Jakarta, not far from Cendana. It was to this
house, after the posh wedding reception at the Beautiful
Indonesia in Miniature theme park, in April 1997, that Tommy
Suharto carried her. Her marriage to Tommy only lasted three
years. In November 2000, her husband became a fugitive after
planning the killing of a Supreme Court judge. Tata, 32, was
left on her own, so she went back to her parents' home a month
When two weeks ago Tata's two children, Dharma Mangkuluhur and
Radhyana Gayanti Hutami, said they missed their father, Tata
took a stroll down memory lane. "Things have changed. My things
have been moved around," she told a friend. "Even though they
were my things."
Yet Tata accepts the situation. Her marriage to Tommy Suharto
officially ended on April 13, 2006, just as he was about to
begin a conditional release from Cipinang Prison. They had been
married for nine years.
According to Junimart Girsang, Tata's lawyer, ever since she
left the Suharto family, her client has not received any alimony
from Tommy. "There is practically no support," he said. Tata's
daily living cost and that of her two children are borne by
Bambang Soetjahjo, Tata's father. Tata, a graduate of New South
Wales University in Australia once tried her hand at business,
by opening a boutique in Jakarta, but she did not fare so well.
Now Tata works as a kindergarten teacher in Singapore.
When she filed for divorce Tata said that the marriage could not
be saved. Just a year into their marriage, they were quarreling
frequently. In court, Tata did not ask much for herself. She
only asked for custody of their two children and an allowance
for their upbringing. The judge granted her request and ordered
Tommy to pay Rp25 million per month for the children's
education-half of the Rp50 million Tata asked for. Tommy
rejected the court's decision and appealed at a higher court. So
far, Tata has received nothing from Tommy.
During the hearing, Tommy Suharto's lawyer accused Tata of
absconding with Rp150 billion. "Tommy once gave her the deeds of
some companies, but they have all been returned," said Junimart.
The deeds were intended to be a source of income for Tata and
her two children while her husband was a fugitive from the law.
But, "What use is a deed when it cannot provide an income," said
Junimart. At the divorce hearing, this charge of theft was not
Tommy's lawyer, Suharmono, insists that Tommy is not refusing to
support his children, as ordered by the court. "That amount of
money means nothing to him. This decision is not yet a final
legal verdict," said Suharmono, as quoted by the tabloid Nova.
The Attorney General's Office (AGO) finds itself in the same
boat as Tata. In 2000, the AGO was attempting to confiscate
Tommy's assets in the Goro corruption case. They did manage to
find 17 plots of land and homes belonging to Suharto's favorite
son, but all of them had been transferred to a foundation or to
third parties. Part of them, such as the 2.8 hectares of land in
Pasar Minggu, South Jakarta, turned out to be mortgaged for a
The AGO also tried to confiscate a luxury home on 1,925 square
meters of land located in Abdul Majid, North Cipete in South
Jakarta. However, the effort failed because the land purchased
by Tommy on August 22, 1992 had already been deeded to a famous,
beautiful singer from Sulawesi two days earlier. "We can only
confiscate what is under his name, and even then only if it is
not [currently] in a legal dispute," said Antasari Azhar, head
of the South Jakarta District Attorney's Office at that time.
The situation is quite different with Siti Hediati Hariadi alias
Titiek, one of Suharto's three daughters. Not many people
know-or care to know-the details of Titiek's divorce from Lt.
Gen. (ret) Prabowo Subianto. Divorce was quietly granted by the
Central Jakarta Religious Court in 2001, a few months after
Prabowo's father, economist Soemitro Djojohadikusumo, died.
There were no demands for alimony or division of property
between the two. "Hence, the proceedings happened in no time,"
said Farid Prawiranegara, a close friend of Prabowo's. According
to Farid, his friend decided to end his marriage, which began
May 8, 1983, due to "political pressure." "Their respective,
extended families could not be reconciled, even though Prabowo
and Titiek claimed to have no problem between them," said Farid.
The Suharto family once accused Prabowo of disloyalty. In 1998,
Prabowo, who at that time was Commander of the Army Strategic
Reserve Command, was accused of allowing protestors to flood
into the House of Representatives (DPR) building, leading to
Suharto's eventual downfall. Ever since then, Suharto had not
wanted to meet with his son-in-law. Siti Hutami Endang
Adiningsih alias Mamiek told Prabowo to get out of Cendana not
long after Suharto resigned. After the divorce, Prabowo tried
his hand at the petroleum business. "Hasjim Djojohadikusumo
provided the capital," said Farid. Hasjim is Prabowo's older
brother and one of Indonesia's top businessmen.
The marriage of Mamiek, Suharto's youngest daughter, also fell
apart. Not long after finishing her studies at the Bogor
Institute of Agriculture (IPB), in September 1988, Mamiek,
reportedly the smartest of the Suharto children, married
Pratikto Prayitno Singgih. The couple had one child, but
divorced 10 years later without contesting a division of assets.
The failed marriages in the Suharto family continued on into the
third generation. The marriage of Danty Indriastuti Purnama
Sari Rukmana, the daughter of Siti Hardijanti Rukmana, or
Tutut, fell apart after only one year. After her divorce from
Triyono, her first husband, Danty married again, to Adrianto
The most dramatic divorce happened to Ari Sigit, the son of
Sigit Harjojudanto, Suharto's second child. Maya Firanti Noor,
Ari's wife, filed for divorce in August 2000. Maya felt
neglected because since 1996 her husband had practically
abandoned her. Maya was not without her own problems. In June
2000 she was arrested while in possession of 1.5 grams of
methamphetamines-a felony which landed her in jail for eight
The South Jakarta Religious Court granted Maya's appeal for
divorce, but she did not receive much in alimony or
compensation, except for Rp300 million as part of the divorce
settlement. "My husband said he owned very little," said Heldy
Djafar, Maya's mother. It turned out that Ari Sigit's business,
according to Heldy, was actually owned by his friends. "So,
there was nothing to ask for, because there was nothing to
divide between the two," she said. The judge gave Ari custody of
their three children. The court felt that Maya was unfit to care
for the children because she had been jailed for drug charges.
Today, Maya is jobless. Sometimes she asks Ari for help. "So
far, he has always given," said Heldy to Tempo last week.
-- Arif A. Kuswardono
February 12-18, 2008
The prosecutor named Suharto's six children as defendants in the
Supersemar Foundation case.
THE mourning period that placed the session on hold has ended.
This week a letter was quickly delivered to the prosecution team
for the head of the South Jakarta District Court. In the letter,
it stated that Siti Hardijanti Hastuti, Sigit Harjojudanto,
Bambang Trihatmodjo, Siti Hediati Harijadi, Hutomo Mandala
Putra, and Siti Hutami Endang Adiningsih are charged in a case
of diverting funds from the Supersemar Foundation. "The six
children must be held responsible for the position of Suharto,"
said a member of the prosecution team, Yoseph Suardi Sabda.
After Suharto died at the end of January, the Supersemar case
was put on hold temporarily. In accordance with the Civil Law
Code (KUHP), this lawsuit will not be automatically halted, but
will be continued by the family heirs. Suharto's children bear
responsibility for their father's charges. "It is the same
matter as their right to obtain their inheritance assets," said
However, taking responsibility for their inheritance is not that
simple. There are stages that must be gone through before the
court can bring the six children of the former New Order ruler
into the courtroom. As the first step, the prosecution must hand
the matter concerning the death of Suharto over to the justice
council while appointing the family heirs that will replace him.
In the next step, the prosecution asks the justice council to
call the family heirs to the assembly. Last Thursday, the first
step was completed. "In a direct and written manner," said
With regard to these family heirs, according to the KUHP, there
must be proof that the individuals are truly the family heirs.
This proof can be in the form of a birth certificate, a letter
from the political district, subdistrict, or public notary. But,
special in Suharto's case, the court decided it was not
necessary to gather such documents or information. The reason
being, society already knows who Suharto's six children are.
"Unless they are unwilling," said Yoseph. If they resist, the
court already has another "gun." "We will put forth proof,
including testimonies or printed photos that show them as the
children of Suharto," said Yoseph.
A spokesman for the South Jakarta District Court, Efran
Basuning, is of the same opinion as the prosecution team.
According to Efran, it is already general knowledge that the six
accused are Suharto's children. Only to be "black and white" in
the court, according to Efran, must the letters that prove them
to be his children be prepared. "We can use statements from
officials or official birth records."
The charges began from estimates that funds were being diverted
from Supersemar while Suharto was in power. The organization's
own funds were obtained from the leftover profits of government
banks. At that time, based on Government Regulation No. 15/1976,
which later was controlled through the Department of Finance,
each bank had to pay 50 percent from 5 percent of their leftover
profits to the Foundation. Eventually, the Foundation succeeded
in accumulating funds of US$420 million (around Rp3.78 trillion)
and Rp185.9 billion.
This money, according to the objectives of the organization, was
to be used to support the education of secondary school students
from underprivileged families. But the practice of the
organization actually ended up siphoning the money to a number
of family businesses and Suharto's cronies. On July 9, 2007,
prosecutors sent the charges to the South Jakarta District
Court. The prosecution charged Suharto, as the first accused,
and Supersemar as the second accused, to pay reimbursement for
the amount of funds that were obtained by the organization. In
addition to that, they are also forced to reimburse Rp10
trillion. By the end of January, the session that had started in
August 2007 should have entered the conclusion stage. However,
because of Suharto's death, the last session at the end of
January was canceled.
Not only that, but because Suharto died, his lawyers in this
case automatically are considered as having "fallen" too.
Therefore, if using lawyers, Suharto's children must appoint new
lawyers. "They can use the lawyers from before, provided that
there is a letter of new authority," said Yoseph. Efran Basuning
hopes that Suharto's children can quickly address this matter.
"So that we can quickly clarify who will represent them in the
In a legal manner, Suharto's children can also resist replacing
their father for the accusations. Only, if this happens, said
Yoseph, other consequences will come about. They may not be able
to receive all of their inheritance left by Suharto. "In the
shortest time, to prevent difficulty, the easiest way out is to
not receive," he said. But Yoseph doubts there will be a
refusal. "To refuse an inheritance is the same as casting away
the person who has died," he said.
Not to mention that if Suharto's children refuse to take on the
accusations, the prosecution still has other means to force
reimbursement. This matter will "flow downstream" to the
grandchildren or great grandchildren of Suharto who are already
adults. Or also to the brothers and sisters or cousins of
Suharto. According to senior prosecutor, Untung Udji Santoso, if
everyone refuses to become the family heirs, the party will hand
over Suharto's assets to the Bureau of Inheritance, as the
property will be considered to have no owner.
According to Cendana family lawyer, Juan Felix Tampubolon,
before the court's ruling, the Suharto family had not
established a position: whether they would continue the court
session and who would represent them if them if they did.
"According to the rules, the judge must make a call, then later
those who are called out must choose to accept it or not," said
Juan Felix has met with the Suharto children several times since
the death of their father. However, up to now, he said, there
has been no discussion between lawyers and the family about the
continuation of the Supersemar court case. "The atmosphere is
not yet conducive. But, in one or two days, there is a plan to
discuss the matter," he said.
According to civil law expert from Gadjah Mada University,
Nindyo Pramono, the prosecution steps to appoint Suharto's
children as family heirs are precise. "It is certainly included
in the KUHP," he said. Regarding this matter, said Nindyo, the
requirements for prosecution must be dealt with before
processing all of Suharto's assets. Additionally, the
prosecution must also prove whether Suharto's grandchildren
received property as a bequest while he was still alive. "If
proven that they were and it can be considered as part of the
inheritance, they can be charged," said Nindyo.
The objective of the prosecution is not only to charge Suharto's
family heirs and the Supersemar Foundation. Now new matters are
being prepared for the prosecution: to reach the recipients of
the money from the organization. The request to charge them has
already been sent to President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono. "We
will press charges if a letter of authority is received from the
President," said Yoseph. The story of Suharto's
organization-after its creator's departure-will certainly be a
February 12-18, 2008
Education Funds for Business
YAYASAN Beasiswa Supersemar, the Supersemar Foundation, was
established by Suharto on May 16, 1974.
of the organization. The head chairman was Arjidarmoko, 82. The
| ||From its birth to its death, Suharto sat as the elder chairman
organization owned funds of Rp600 billion, which were deposited
and invested in various businesses.
The objective of the organization: to help disadvantaged
students continue their education and other interests of
Source of the funds: Leftover clean profits from
government-owned banks. Each bank was required to hand over 50
percent from 5 percent of the leftover clean profits which they
Funds accumulated: US$420 million (around Rp3.78 trillion) and
US$419.9 million siphoned to PT Bank Duta (September 1990)
Rp13 billion siphoned to PT Sempati Air
(September 23, 1989-November 17, 1997)
Rp150 billion siphoned to PT Kiani Lestari and PT Kiani Sakti
(November 13, 1995)
Rp12.74 billion siphoned to PT Kalhold Utama, Essam Timber,
and PT Tanjung Redep Forest Plantation Industry
(December 1982-May 1993)
Rp10 billion siphoned to Kelompok Usaha Kosgoro
(December 28, 1993)
US$420 million (around Rp3.78 trillion) and Rp185.9 billion
Land and the Granadi building on Jalan H.R. Rasuna Said
Kav. 8-9 Kuningan, South Jakarta
Suharto (by means of his family heirs) Yayasan Beasiswa
Source: High Prosecution Charge Report
Terjemahan (atas jasa "Kataku"):
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