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Press Release: Indonesian Special Forces Hunt West Papuan Environmentalist  Tapol
 Oct 21, 2012 09:52 PDT 

From Joyo


Press Release: Indonesian Special Forces Hunt West Papuan Environmentalist

October 21, 2012

West Papua Media Alerts
Scoop.co.nz
Press Release
by Nick Chesterfield,
with local sources

SPECIAL INVESTIGATION

Indonesian Special Forces officers have redoubled their efforts to
hunt down non-violent womens’ and environmental rights activist
Fanny Kogoya, after a failed attempt to capture her and Papuan student
activists from the West Papua National Committee at a university
dormitory on Tuesday night.

Fanny Kogoya was also elected the head of the Papua desk for the
Indonesian branch of Friends of the Earth (WAHLI) on June 13, the day
before her close friend Mako Tabuni, former KNPB leader,was
extrajudicially executed by Detachment 88 troops in Jayapura.

Kogoya, also a women’s rights defender from the grassroots Papuan
women’s network TIKI, has been been placed on a Papua wide wanted
persons list (Daftar Pencarian Orang or DPO) by the Australian-trained
and funded Detachment 88 anti-terror investigators. This is despite
Kogoya having resigned from pro-independence activities, according to
established credible sources in Jayapura. Kogoya is also accused by
police of having knowledge of the whereabouts of activists from the
pro-independence civil resistance group, West Papua National Committee
(KNPB).

KNPB activists are in hiding after being ruthlessly hunted by security
forces, in order to break the back of the civil resistance movement
against Indonesian brutality in occupied West Papua. This harassment
campaign has gained significant pace ahead of planned Papua-wide
mobilisations against Indonesian colonial violence on October 23 –
rallies widely expected to be subject to major Indonesian state
violence.

The latest crackdown has seen brutal intelligence gathering techniques
employed by security forces, including officers identified by
witnesses as being from Detachment 88, arbitrarily targeting for
beatings, kidnappings, arrests and torture on students and civilians
from the highland tribes of Yakuhimo and Dani people – seen by many
observers as the backbone of the KNPB effort to use civil power to
defeat Indonesian state violence.

Confirmed reports from human rights activists in Jayapura have
described heavily armed plain clothes officers – believed by
witnesses to be members of either Kopassus or Detachment 88 –
violently threatening highland students and civilians in a bid to hunt
down members and associates of the KNPB.

Raids on student accommodation around Abepura and Jayapura have
intensified ahead of a planned mass mobilisation across Papua on
October 23rd by KNPB, which is calling for an end to these illustrated
acts of Indonesian state violence – a move seen as makar
(subversion) by the new Papua Police chief Tito Karnavian , the former
head of the Australian- funded Detachment 88.

Attempts to contact Karnavian or his Papua Police spokespeople for
comment for this article have been so far rebuffed and unsuccessful.

Additionally, witnesses and survivors have described a chronology of
what is being described as a “fishing operation” by Indonesian
intelligence officers. Attempts to capture Fanny Kogoya had been
ongoing for several days, with police Avanzas permanently stationed
outside houses and haunts of both Kogoya and her extended family and
friends.

According to a detailed and disturbing testimony provided by Yakuhimo
man and citizen media worker Simson Yohame to independent human rights
monitors in Jayapura, the officers have heavily monitored highland
students in the greater Jayapura area in a bid to isolate KNPB
activists from their base.

Yohame, a friend of Kogoya, was himself kidnapped and tortured by
suspected Detachment 88 officers on October 9 after accidentally
leaving his motorbike helmet at a Javanese restaurant in Waena, near
Abepura. He had been tailed for several days by intelligence officers,
who suspected his friendship with Fanny would lead them to their
quarry.

Upon leaving the restaurant, he was set upon by plain clothes police
intelligence agents, whom he believed to be Detachment 88 officers.
They bundled him in to the back of a black police Avanza car, whilst
soldiers who were stationed outside the Yakuhimo regencies student
dormitory at Waena stood guard. An intelligence officer from Makassar
hit him repeatedly with a butt of a pistol, and other officers punched
him systematically in the chest using a silat (traditional Javanese
martial arts favoured by Kopassus) technique that can easily cause
cardiac arrest.

He described being taken in a six car high speed convoy, initially to
the back of an unknown facility close to the Jayapura police
headquarters, before being subjected to psychological torture on a
drive around the greater Jayapura area, and was hypnotized to
disorientation. Yohame described the brutal interrogations where he
was threatened with knives, swords and cocked and loaded firearms by
Detachment 88, according to his testimony. Interrogators also
subjected him to psyops by playing loud torture music and sound on
headphones they held on his head, while they were sticking knives and
pistols into his body.

Giving fascinating if chilling insight, Yohame has detailed the
processes that Intel attempted to use to turn him to spy on his friend
Fanny. He refused eventually, but not before documenting the
techniques utilized.

After the torture, the Detachment 88 officers allegedly moved onto
“Stage 3” as Yohame described it, a combination of the classic
good cop / bad cop routine. “They (intel) began to ask me the core
question: ‘Do you know Fanny Kogoya? This picture is FK, FK stay
close to you. You do not deny it. If you deny we will kill you.’”

“I asked why are you looking for FK? Intel said to me that
‘because the cases of murder that Mako Tabuni was doing involved FK.
FK participated in designing all events Mako and comrades were
doing’. Yohame reported the police as saying.

The police continued: ‘FK loves the money Mako and his friends had
over the years. FK is the girlfriend of Danny Wenda. Wenda is now the
number 1 Papua Police DPO’,” the interrogators said.

The interrogators then changed tactics, offering a payment. “In
addition, if you (SY) can inform on where FK is, we will pay you (SY)
Rp 10 million for initial operations,”. They demanded the locations
of Danny Wenda, the Chairman of KNPB, Victor Yeimo, Tinus Yohame,
Buktar Tabuni, Victor Yeimo, Assa Asso, and also fellow Yakuhimo
clansmen allegedly involved in KNPB, alternatively offering payment,
and threatening to kill him if he denied knowledge of their
whereabouts. Yohame was then trained in demonstration and civil
resistance disruption and sabotage techniques, and fieldwork
techniques employed by intelligence informants.

Yohame described how his tasking had traumatised him greatly, and he
refused internally to carry out the actions. After his release having
agreed to be an Indonesian agent, he was secretly informing Fanny
Kogoya about the massive operation in effect to capture her and
warning her to move outside the town to avoid arrest or disappearance.

Fanny Kogoya, who like other civil society activists on the DPO list
is constantly moving from house to house, has so far eluded capture
due to the diligence of the now underground non-violent independence
movement in Papua. — For the whole night of October 12, a
Cenderawasih University (UNCEN) dormitory in Waena was under siege by
a large group of plain clothes armed and masked security forces, who
surrounded the dormitories. During the night, the police overran the
dormitories in their search for Fanny Kogoya, according to witnesses.

Three students who living at the UNCEN hostel – UL (32), IK (36),
and PK (22) – said they had been beaten and terrorized by the
police. “Police pry the door and entered. They say ‘we find the
DPO who live here,’” the students explained in the human rights
report. “They say the name of FK and Danny Wenda (DW).”

The Yakuhimo students at the dormitory were angered by the event, but
held a peace blockade outside the gates of the Uncen campus in Waena,
independent sources at the campus told West Papua Media. No reports
were received of any forced dispersal, however tension is high and all
West Papuan students are in fear that that they could be arrested or
disappeared at any moment, according to human rights sources.

Yakuhimo students and supporters blockade outside Uncen Waena after
the Detachment 88 raids, October 12 (West Papua Media)

These actions came after a campaign of arrests from late September of
at least eight people in the highland town of Wamena after police
targeted homes and offices of KNPB members, accusing them of
involvement in bombings and terrorism, despite KNPB being committed to
non-violent civil resistance tactics.

In a statement, UK based human rights group Tapol said that “The
targeting of KNPB activists appears to have intensified after the
killing of the KNPB leader Mako Tabuni, on 14 June 2012. Officers of
Indonesia’s counter-terrorism unit, Special Detachment 88 (Densus
88), funded and trained by Australia, the US and the UK, are thought
to have been involved in the killing of Mako Tabuni and the arrest of
the KNPB members in Wamena.”

Tapol has called for Indonesian authorities to “end the campaign of
terror, intimidation and violence against human rights defenders and
political activists, particularly members of KNPB,” and to guarantee
the safety of Fanny Kogoya, Viktor Yeimo, and others who have been
targeted.

Tapol has also called on Jakarta to “end the deployment of Densus 88
to Papua, investigate all allegations of human rights violations by
Densus 88 officers and other security forces personnel and bring those
responsible to justice.”

Whilst tension remains high during the crackdown, KNPB activists have
also warned their members not to be taken in by SMS messages that are
being spread by intelligence personnel attempting to incite violence
and horizontal conflict. Activists have circulated a list of mobile
numbers that are responsible, and are urging all recipients to
document any numbers that continue to spread these messages.

Many people have reported to West Papua Media of an upsurge in Special
Forces activity, even around those who are not active on Papuan
independence issues. There has been a significant increase on the
presence of intelligence officers on the street. Selfius Bobii, the
former KNPB leader serving out a three sentence at Abepura prison on a
treason conviction for his role in the 3rd Papuan People’s Congress
of October 2011, still maintains close and effective communications
with a network of activists throughout Papua.

In an SMS sent to West Papua Media, Bobii described how the TNI
“have stooped to making themselves out to be civilians, to carry out
undercover operations in order muffle the independence aspirations.”

“Some are posing as Bakso (Beef offal noodles) Sellers on roadsides,
some are posing as motorbike repair people and so on,” Bobii said.

Bobii described the following factual account: On 11 Oct at 2303 hours
in Nabire, Yance Agapa was heading home and was given a lift by an
ojek (motorbike taxi) rider to the front of the Indonesian Air Force
Quarters in front of the ‘Glory’ internet cafe. When they arrived
at Malompo he gave the driver Rp20000 (approx. AUD$2) who hurriedly
put it into the pocket of the black jacket he was wearing. Then a
pistol fell out of his jacket. Yance startled in fright to which the
driver responded “Brother don’t be frightened because I’m from
Ambon but my mother is from Sentani. I’ll tell you straight, I’m a
member of DENSUS 88 sent from Central to get the government program
happening. So let our people from the community know to be careful
using hire motorbikes. ”

West Papua Media has independently verified this account.

KNPB activists, most living underground currently, have expressed
significant fears for their safety and survival from the crackdown.
Yohame begged in his testimony, “the condition of our current times
is so dire, (we need) all my friends and the international support
groups to be able to monitor our current situation. Virtually all KNPB
activists are threatened at this time. “

It is unclear whether these intensified crackdown tactics will work on
those close to DPO suspects to give up not just Fanny Kogoya, but
other non-violent activists who are simply attempting to raise their
universal human rights of self-determination and freedom of
expression.

Certainly these hunting parties have confirmed one thing: that
Australian trained counter-terrorism troops are without any doubt
being used to suppress peaceful political activity, outside their
legal mandate of counter-terrorism. This should be deeply concerning
for Australia in its quest for advocating internationally the Rule of
Law – and at the moment that it has just taken up a position on the
UN Security Council it might prove to be an inconvenient turning of a
blind eye.

ENDS

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