Mukono Multi-Purpose Youth Organisation
Nov 27, 2001 03:18 PST
WHAT IS MUMYO?
Mukono Multi-purpose Youth Organisation (MUMYO) is a non-profit
grassroot development agency incorporated in Uganda and registered with
the Uganda National NGO Board, under certificate no. 997. It was founded
in 1992 by a group of seven, men and women, to promote the rights and
well being of the young men and women, especially in the rural areas.
The overall concern was the increasing number of problems and needs
among young people bearing in mind their rights, visions and aspirations
as well as the challenges facing the present and future generations.
The young men and women are facing a number of problems and
uncertainties regarding their future. They have been hit by most of the
major catastrophes of life including illiteracy, unemployment, HIV/ AIDS
and increased vulnerability to poverty. Children are living in
conditions of extreme poverty, neglect, abuse and exploitation which has
made it difficult for them to enjoy their lives under a peasant
MUMYO was formed on the belief that the young people are the leaders of
the future generation, If nurtured well, they can become useful and
productive members of the society. If they are united, they can generate
and share useful knowledge, skills and ideas for the development of
their communities. They are flexible and willing to learn, if supported,
they can help themselves and the other members of the society
A world where all the youth are literate, healthy and responsible
members of the society.
To promote unity, human rights and skills development, among the young
men and women of Uganda, in literacy, agriculture and entrepreneurship
through training, advocacy and information sharing for self-reliance.
1. To mobilize and motivate the youth to be engaged in productive
activities leading to self-reliance and improved living standards.
2. To enhance skills development, leading to self-employment, through
formal and informal training programs.
3. To build the abilities of young people to actively participate in the
life of society and decision-making process by educating them on their
rights and responsibilities and involving them in the affairs concerning
them and their communities.
4. To develop and strengthen programs aimed at ensuring total
realization of the youth and children rights including access to
education, health care and other basic needs.
5. To promote sustainable development solutions through increased
awareness of the environmentally sound technologies, such as,
sustainable agriculture, tree planting, and energy conservation.
Membership of the organisation is open to all Ugandans, individuals and
group, irrespective of sex, age, race, belief or other differences.
However, membership is divided into three categories including full,
Associate and Affiliate (group) membership.
The General Assembly is the supreme authority of the
organisation and sits once a year. It is composed of full or paid up
members with rights to vote and decide on any question. It discusses and
approves programs and budgets, receives audited accounts and balance
sheet, amends and adopts the constitution.
The Board of Directors, however, is the supreme management and
policy-making organ. It is composed of nine (9) members who are elected
by the General Assembly and their term of office is three years. It
makes strategies for financing the organisation, reviews applications
for membership and has to ensure that all planned activities are
The Secretariat (Head Office), headed by the Director General,
is the administrative body of the organisation responsible for the
implementation and co-ordination all activities in accordance with the
MUMYO is affiliated to the following organisations
The Development Network of Indigenous Voluntary Associations
(DENIVA) of Uganda
Uganda National NGO Forum
Mukono District NGO Association
Uganda Water and Sanitation NGO Network
Mandate the Future
2. Consultative Status
MUMYO is an NGO in consultative status with the Economic and Social
Council (ECOSOC) of the United Nations, since May 2000.
3. Other Links
Community Dev. Resource Network (CDRN)
International Inst. of Environment & Dev. (IIED)
Centre for Agricultural & Technical Coop. (CTA)
Global Youth Action Network
Research reveals that most of the problems faced by the young people are
more of the socio-economic and cultural background, which affects their
future stand. It is recommended that if the primary causes of the
problems are dealt with, there is hope that the secondary problems will
not only be alleviated but eradicated. It is essential, therefore, that
Parents are sensitized to know and understand their roles and
responsibilities over their children and adult education should be
integrated with a wider process of community development and
The young people need to be provided with an environment with
minimum health risks and that they get access to health care services
that are sensitive and relevant to their particular ranging health and
Vocational training programs should be emphasized and
strengthened to supplement the high level of school drop out.
Micro enterprise schemes need to be promoted for increased
household incomes to enable parents support their children education and
welfare. In the traditional societies, parents have the primary
responsibility for proper up bringing of children and the youths, as
such, improved household incomes will enable parents to meet their
children education and other basic needs
There is need to develop innovative measures to help children
in difficult circumstances, like families affected by HIV/AIDS, to
continue getting access to education and other basic needs. There has to
be a link between education and health as education has a comparative
advantage in supporting the prevention of HIV/AIDS in the community.
The Government needs to identify and reverse the existing
disparities in per capita funding which discriminates against rural
communities, ethnic minorities, people with disabilities and
underdeveloped regions for equitable distribution of income. The
Government has also to commit extra funding to meet the needs of schools
in poor and marginalised areas, especially in the rural areas, to bring
them to reasonable standards.
MUMYO supports the World Declaration of Education for All (Jomtien
1990), supported by the Universal Declaration for Human Rights, the
Convention on the Rights of the Child and other international
"all children, young people and adults have the right to benefit from an
education that will meet their basic learning needs in the best sense of
the term, an education that includes learning to know, to do, to live
together and to be. It is an education geared to tapping each
individual's talents and potentials and developing learners'
personalities, so that they can improve their lives and transform their
This program aims at enhancing increased access to education and
employment opportunities among the young men and women through formal
and non-formal education/training.
The specific objectives are:
1. To sensitize parents about their roles and responsibilities over
their children through adult education seminars and home visits
2. To promote technical and vocational education as remedy to the high
rate of school dropouts and employment.
3. To assist the disadvantaged children, such as, the orphans, the
disabled to be able to access education by providing basic education
materials and/or school fees.
1. Non-formal education/Training
MUMYO provides adult education to the educationally disadvantaged youth
and adults to be able to play active roles in the education of their
children and carry out their rights and responsibilities of citizenship.
In spite of the progress made towards universal basic education the
number of illiterate people continue to grow due to the social and
economic problems. These include the inability of parents to send their
children to school, and the inequality in opportunities for girls, youth
with disabilities and the youth in the rural areas. Worse still formal
education has failed to fill the knowledge and skills gap as it often
weans people away from their traditional occupations. This is the reason
why non-formal education is being considered a more effective option. It
is meant to help people, especially in the informal sector, in
developing knowledge, skills and attitudes for self-employment and
(a) Adult education
Adult education is an integral part of the development process.
According to the Jomtien Declaration, all adults have a right to basic
education, beginning with literacy, which allows them to engage actively
in and transform the societies in which they live. The objectives of
adult education, according to the Fifth Conference on Adult Education,
(i) To develop the autonomy and a sense of responsibility of people and
(ii) To re-enforce their capacity to deal with the transformation taking
place in the economy, culture and the society as a whole.
(iii) To promote co-existence, tolerance and informed and creative
participation of citizens in their communities or to enable them take
control of their destiny and society in order to face the challenges
A number of adult literacy centres have been established in Nabbale and
Kasawo sub-counties in Mukono district. The program covers basic
education, home management, agronomy, business and leadership skills,
and community development in general.
(b) Vocational Training
In view of the large and increasing number of unemployed youth and the
fact that self-employment is the only feasible solution to the problem
is the major concern for vocational training. It is intended to prepare
the youth, out of school and at lower levels of qualification for
particular jobs, trades or occupations.
It covers the general education, practical training and related theory
in varying specialization including;
(i) Business studies secretarial, book keeping and accounts, computer
(ii) Arts and crafts tailoring and textiles, weaving, ceramics,
painting and graphics.
(iii) Electrical and electronics
Radio & T.V repairs, electrical installation, air conditioning and
(iv) Building trades Carpentry and joinery, masonry, welding and
(v) Agriculture agro-forestry, organic farming, agronomy and animal
2. Education support Services
The organisation supports children in difficult circumstances to access
education through provision of basic education/resource materials and
school fees. Despite the universal primary education (UPE) many children
still have no access to education. Many children register for
pre-primary and early primary but drop out in the upper classes leading
to the low level of completion. The situation is worse for girls and
disadvantaged children, like, children with disabilities, orphans and
those living far deep in the rural areas.
As human beings children need both formal and informal education right
from infancy. In Uganda children are regarded as being from day one to
18 years of age. Estimates indicate that 60% of children in Uganda need
education support and, despite introduction of the universal primary
education (UPE), many children still have no access to education.
According to the policy, only four children per family can access free
education under UPE, yet most families have more than four. Those from
poor families, especially in the rural areas, are not able to attend
schools, under UPE, due to lack of scholastic materials, like books,
school uniforms. Those who succeed, most of them fail to continue, due
the poor economic support, as they are not covered under UPE.
One of the teachers interviewed, from Ndese Simex secondary school in
Kasawo sub-county-Mukono district, said that most of their students come
from poor families, a good number of them have failed to pay school fees
and others fail even to raise the examination fees. He said that the
school came up with a compassion scheme to help the disadvantaged
children have access to education by engaging them in brick making,
during their school holidays, to off set their school fees.
The underlying causes of the above analysis includes the followings:
(a) Poor level and distribution of household incomes that determine the
ability of parents to pay for their children’s education.
(b) Poor pupil-teacher ratios and overcrowding in classes, upto 100
pupils, the average number is 40 pupils per class.
(c) Shortage of trained teachers, educational materials and the poor
working conditions for teachers
(d) Poor attitudes and willingness to educate children due to the big
number of uneducated parents
MUMYO has a long-standing commitment to helping the youth to gain the
knowledge and skills they need to lead full and productive lives.
MUMYO helps the youth and their families to develop knowledge, skills
and attitudes for self-employment and business creation, through formal
and informal training programs. The objective of this program is to
empower the unemployed youth and the low-income groups, especially in
the rural areas, through grassroots organizing, training, technical
assistance and micro finance services for self-reliance.
1. Business Skills Training
This is intended to equip the youth with entrepreneurial/business skills
to enable them adapt easily to the changing socio-economic situations.
The training covers the topics, such as, enterprise development,
resource mobilization, record keeping, planning and business management.
2. Micro-Finance Services
MUMYO recognizes Micro-finance as an effective tool for economic and
social empowerment the poor especially in the rural areas. In 1998, the
organization introduced a savings and credit scheme intended to create a
revolving fund system to provide the youth with soft and easily
accessible loans to enable the expand their income generating
initiatives for self-reliance. Most people do not qualify for bank loans
due to guarantees and other conditions that most people cannot afford.
PRIMARY HEALTH CARE
Health is an integral part of the overall development and the youth have
a number of health related problems including malnutrition, lack of safe
water and sanitary living environment and the growing consumption of
alcohol and drugs. Children health is affected by both personal and
external environmental conditions. The lifestyle and behaviour patterns
acquired during childhood are always life long. Timely intervention from
infancy will avert the negative consequences.
This program aims at promoting improved health among young people
through increased awareness of th preventable diseases access to basic
health care services and to develop educational aimed at increasing
people’s knowledge and awareness of health related issues. The program
1. Training of community health workers providing health education on
preventable diseases, safe water and sanitation, etc.
2. Immunization against killer diseases.
3. Providing information and counseling services to the youth against
the endemic diseases including HIV/AIDS and STDs
AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SECURITY
The population explosion, land fragmentation and the changing climatic
conditions have created a new challenge in Africa. Unless the poor
communities, especially in the rural areas, are enabled to produce
enough on the reducing arable land, they will remain poor, hungry and
Agriculture is the main economic activity and employs over 80% of the
total workforce in Uganda. Improvement of agriculture and land use is
fundamental to achieving food security, poverty eradication and the
overall sustainable development. The purpose of this program is to
enhance increased food productivity by training farmers in the
sustainable farming methods including:
Use of fertilizers, particularly, the composed manure.
Pests and disease control using affordable pesticides and drugs
Improved systems of mechanization in planting, spraying,
Harvesting of water for irrigation to grow crop through out the
The specific objectives of the program are:
1. To train farmers in the sustainable farming methods through
workshops, extension services and farmer to farmer exchange visits
2. To provide farmers with improved breeds of animals and crops that are
profitable and disease resistant.
3. To train farmers in post harvest crop handling, agro processing
4. To train farmers in post harvest crop handling and agro-processing
5. To assist the farmers in marketing of their produce through
agricultural exhibitions and provision of market related information to
The deterioration of the natural environment is one of the major
concerns of the people as it has direct implications for their well
being now and in the future. Uganda is one of the countries endowed with
a great variety of plants and animal species in the world, however, lack
of proper environmental policies and sensitization of the masses has
greatly undermined the national resource base in the country. The
massive poverty and lack of access to employment opportunities has
caused massive environmental degradation as the poor continue to exert
pressure on the forests, wetlands and other natural resources for
The viability of the environment, people's livelihood and food security
depend on best practices and joint efforts at management and
conservation of the natural resources. The organization aims at
promoting sustainable environment management by:
1. Raising people's awareness on the importance of environment including
forests and trees, the wetlands, the ecological systems, biological
diversity and other related issues.
2. Encouraging the use of energy saving stoves, solar energy and bio gas
for cooking and lighting for fuel wood conservation.
3. Encouraging tree planting, agro forestry and re-afforestation.
4. Advocating for rural electrification to facilitate heat and lighting.
5. Encouraging the practice of zero grazing rather than the communal
(free range) to minimize environmental destruction by animals.
1. Development education and awareness
2. Human rights awareness and advocacy
3. Information dissemination and networking.