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[FOS] FOS Newsletter, 5/11/01  Peter Suber
 May 11, 2001 21:56 PDT 
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      Welcome to the Free Online Scholarship Newsletter
      May 11, 2001

----------

Journal divorce with a happy ending

Suppose the editors of print journal are unhappy with their for-profit
publisher and the exorbitant price it charges subscribers. What can they
do about it? They can try to negotiate, but if the publisher owns the
journal title and copyright, then it may refuse to budge.

How about walking away? Imagine all the members of editorial board
resigning from their jobs and forming a new journal with the same mission
and a different title. The old publisher retains ownership of an unstaffed
journal. The new journal picks up where the old one left off and may make
many new friends with its lower subscription price.

This is what happened in November 1999 with the _Journal of Logic
Programming_. After 16 months of fruitless negotiation with its publisher,
Elsevier Science, the entire 50-person editorial board resigned and created
a new journal, _Theory and Practice of Logic Programming_ (TPLP), published
by Cambridge University Press at 60% of the price of the Elsevier
journal. TPLP will appear both in print and on the web.

One hitch was that the original journal was the official publication of the
Association for Logic Programming (ALP). This problem was elegantly solved
when the ALP simply dropped the old journal and adopted the new one.

To gain leverage during the negotiations, Maurice Bruynooghe resigned as
editor-in-chief and the ALP refused to name a successor unless Elsevier
lowered the subscription price. Elsevier refused to lower the price and
offered the editor's job to other members of the editorial board. Board
members maintained solidarity and rejected the offers.

The final obstacle was getting the new journal into a critical number of
research libraries. Enter SPARC (the Scholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition), a consortium of about 180 research libraries. SPARC
has many strategies to help price competition in science journals. One is
to provide fledgling new journals, especially those with thin profit
margins, with a guaranteed subscription base through its member
institutions and publicity. If SPARC decides that a new journal is worthy,
when one measure of worthiness is reasonable pricing, then it adds the
journal to its partnership program and gets to work promoting it. SPARC
made _Theory and Practice of Logic Programming_ a partner on April 30.

Elsevier was left with the shell of the _Journal of Logic Programming_. It
brought in new editors and renamed it the _Journal of Logic and Algebraic
Programming_. The institutional price is $701/year, a slight increase over
the price of the previous incarnation.

Wouldn't this moving story make a great movie? I can see Russell Crowe as
Maurice Bruynooghe and Dabney Coleman as the director of Elsevier Science.

SPARC's solutions tend to be low-cost, not free. But the lessons of this
story apply even to journals aiming at free distribution over the
internet. A journal can divorce its publisher, even its
publisher-owner. A professional association can realign its loyalties and
help a journal undergoing divorce. If a journal retains a print edition,
then a consortium of supportive libraries is a friend indeed. But if a
journal has no print edition, then the obstacles are even fewer.

_Theory and Practice of Logic Programming_
http://www.journals.cup.org/bin/bladerunner?REQUNIQ=989635704&REQSESS=651215&116000REQEVENT=&REQSTR1=TLP&REQAUTH=0
Page at Cambridge University Press

_Theory and Practice of Logic Programming_
http://www.cwi.nl/projects/alp/TPLP/index.html
Page at the Association for Logic Programming

Association for Logic Programming
http://www.cwi.nl/projects/alp/

SPARC home page
http://www.arl.org/sparc/

SPARC press release on _Theory and Practice of Logic Progamming_
http://www.arl.org/sparc/core/index.asp?page=f42

Joan S. Birman, Scientific Publishing: A Mathematician's Viewpoint
http://www.arl.org/sparc/core/index.asp?page=f34
From _Notices of the AMS_, August 2000

_Journal of Logic and Algebraic Programming_
http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jlogpro

----------

Living scholarship

Princeton University Press is starting a new line of electronic texts
called Digital Books Plus. A book in the series will start life as a print
and electronic book, for sale at a competitive price. Then the author
participates in an online discussion with readers, hosted by
Princeton. After a time the author writes up a response to the questions
and objections raised in the online dialogue and Princeton makes this
supplement available free of charge, even to readers who didn't buy the
original book.

Princeton says this takes us beyond static books, even static e-books, to
living books. Princeton plans to revive 500 books from its back-list and
give them new life in this format.

The digital texts of the e-books come formatted for the Microsoft Reader
and the Adobe Reader. The digital supplements can be downloaded from
Amazon, but require one of the two e-book readers.

The first book in the series is Cass Sunstein's _Republic.com_, which
appeared last month. It seems that the reader-author dialogue is already
complete, for Sunstein's supplement is already available for downloading.

I like the idea of living books. But I'd like this version of the idea
better if Princeton gave the public more time to discover and read the
book, or if periodic reader-author dialogues allowed periodic updates to
the electronic supplement. What about free electronic supplements to books
originally published elsewhere? What about a general "life-extension"
program for dead print scholarship of all kinds, whether in books or journals?

If you like the general idea of living scholarship but would rather have it
all electronic and all free, then check out the Stanford Encyclopedia of
Philosophy (SEP). Conceived and edited by Edward Zalta, the encyclopedia
is a work in progress, whose table of contents has been growing since
1995. The SEP is innovative in allowing authors of articles to revise them
after publication in light of new scholarship or new developments. When an
author submits revisions to an existing article, the revisions are vetted
by the same editorial board which approved the original article. The
result is a peer-reviewed reference work which never goes out of
date. Versions of the SEP are archived quarterly so that citations to
superseded versions can be verified.

Press release for Princeton Digital Books Plus
http://pup.princeton.edu/releases/pdbp.html

Links to Sunstein's book and supplement
http://pup.princeton.edu/sunstein/

Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
http://plato.stanford.edu/

----------

Guide to unfree online scholarship

Free online scholarship is growing, but unfree scholarship is voluminous
online. It is easy to overlook because it is hidden behind passwords and
does not appear in general search engines. How much is there, and how can
you find sources in your field?

The best answer so far is _Books and Periodicals Online_, a print
directory, and its online equivalent, _Periodicals.net_. The 2001 edition
of the print directory costs $397. The online version costs a single user
$19.95 per month. To explore the online directory, the publisher, Library
Technology Alliance, Ltd., offers a 30 day free trial.

The directory also covers free online scholarship. How about a free
directory for that subset of the database?

Periodicals.net.
http://www.periodicals.net/

----------

Keeping the "free" in free online scholarship

Reporters Without Borders, a group of French journalists, has just
published an investigative report on countries that try to control or track
the online activities of their citizens. These countries include Britain
and Australia.

This has FOS implications. As more scholarship moves online, the freedom
to visit any page will increasingly become a component of academic freedom.

The report recommends that countries with more online freedom host articles
or even whole newspapers censored or banned in countries with less online
freedom. The internet is only a force for freedom if its users use it that
way.

The Enemies of the Internet (abridged)
http://www.rsf.fr/uk/homennemis.html
(The complete report is for sale at the site.)

Reporters Without Borders
http://www.rsf.fr/uk/home.html

Countries that Track Internet Activity
http://www.nytimes.com/2001/04/26/technology/26BSAF.html
From the _New York Times_, April 26, 2001

----------

This is the Free Online Scholarship Newsletter.

Please feel free to forward this newsletter to colleagues. If you received
this issue from a friend, you may subscribe yourself by signing up at the
FOS home page or the FOS Newsletter page.

FOS home page
http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/index.htm

FOS Newsletter subscriptions, back issues, discussion
http://www.topica.com/lists/suber-fos

Peter Suber
http://www.earlham.edu/~peters

Copyright (c) 2001, Peter Suber
http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/copyrite.htm

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Content-Type: text/html; charset="us-ascii"

<html>
<x-tab>     </x-tab>Welcome to the Free Online
Scholarship Newsletter<br>
<x-tab>     </x-tab>May 11, 2001<br>
<br>
----------<br>
<br>
Journal divorce with a happy ending<br>
<br>
Suppose the editors of print journal are unhappy with their for-profit
publisher and the exorbitant price it charges subscribers.  What can
they do about it?  They can try to negotiate, but if the publisher
owns the journal title and copyright, then it may refuse to budge. 
<br>
<br>
How about walking away?  Imagine all the members of editorial board
resigning from their jobs and forming a new journal with the same mission
and a different title.  The old publisher retains ownership of an
unstaffed journal.  The new journal picks up where the old one left
off and may make many new friends with its lower subscription
price.  <br>
<br>
This is what happened in November 1999 with the _Journal of Logic
Programming_.  After 16 months of fruitless negotiation with its
publisher, Elsevier Science, the entire 50-person editorial board
resigned and created a new journal, _Theory and Practice of Logic
Programming_ (TPLP), published by Cambridge University Press at 60% of
the price of the Elsevier journal.  TPLP will appear both in print
and on the web. <br>
<br>
One hitch was that the original journal was the official publication of
the Association for Logic Programming (ALP).  This problem was
elegantly solved when the ALP simply dropped the old journal and adopted
the new one.  <br>
<br>
To gain leverage during the negotiations, Maurice Bruynooghe resigned as
editor-in-chief and the ALP refused to name a successor unless Elsevier
lowered the subscription price.  Elsevier refused to lower the price
and offered the editor's job to other members of the editorial
board.  Board members maintained solidarity and rejected the offers.
<br>
<br>
The final obstacle was getting the new journal into a critical number of
research libraries.  Enter SPARC (the Scholarly Publishing &
Academic Resources Coalition), a consortium of about 180 research
libraries.  SPARC has many strategies to help price competition in
science journals.  One is to provide fledgling new journals,
especially those with thin profit margins, with a guaranteed subscription
base through its member institutions and publicity.  If SPARC
decides that a new journal is worthy, when one measure of worthiness is
reasonable pricing, then it adds the journal to its partnership program
and gets to work promoting it.  SPARC made _Theory and Practice of
Logic Programming_ a partner on April 30.  <br>
<br>
Elsevier was left with the shell of the _Journal of Logic
Programming_.  It brought in new editors and renamed it the _Journal
of Logic and Algebraic Programming_.  The institutional price is
$701/year, a slight increase over the price of the previous
incarnation.<br>
<br>
Wouldn't this moving story make a great movie?  I can see Russell
Crowe as Maurice Bruynooghe and Dabney Coleman as the director of
Elsevier Science.  <br>
<br>
SPARC's solutions tend to be low-cost, not free.  But the lessons of
this story apply even to journals aiming at free distribution over the
internet.  A journal can divorce its publisher, even its
publisher-owner.  A professional association can realign its
loyalties and help a journal undergoing divorce.  If a journal
retains a print edition, then a consortium of supportive libraries is a
friend indeed.  But if a journal has no print edition, then the
obstacles are even fewer.<br>
<br>
_Theory and Practice of Logic Programming_<br>
<a href="http://www.journals.cup.org/bin/bladerunner?REQUNIQ=989635704&;REQSESS=651215&116000REQEVENT=&REQSTR1=TLP&REQAUTH=0" eudora="autourl">http://www.journals.cup.org/bin/bladerunner?REQUNIQ=989635704&REQSESS=651215&116000REQEVENT=&REQSTR1=TLP&REQAUTH=0</a><br>
Page at Cambridge University Press<br>
<br>
_Theory and Practice of Logic Programming_<br>
<a href="http://www.cwi.nl/projects/alp/TPLP/index.html" eudora="autourl">http://www.cwi.nl/projects/alp/TPLP/index.html</a><br>
Page at the Association for Logic Programming<br>
<br>
Association for Logic Programming<br>
<a href="http://www.cwi.nl/projects/alp/" eudora="autourl">http://www.cwi.nl/projects/alp/</a><br>
<br>
SPARC home page<br>
<a href="http://www.arl.org/sparc/" eudora="autourl">http://www.arl.org/sparc/</a><br>
<br>
SPARC press release on _Theory and Practice of Logic Progamming_<br>
<a href="http://www.arl.org/sparc/core/index.asp?page=f42" eudora="autourl">http://www.arl.org/sparc/core/index.asp?page=f42</a><br>
<br>
Joan S. Birman, Scientific Publishing: A Mathematician's Viewpoint<br>
<a href="http://www.arl.org/sparc/core/index.asp?page=f34" eudora="autourl">http://www.arl.org/sparc/core/index.asp?page=f34</a><br>
From _Notices of the AMS_, August 2000 <br>
<br>
_Journal of Logic and Algebraic Programming_<br>
<a href="http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jlogpro" eudora="autourl">http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jlogpro</a><br>
<br>
----------<br>
<br>
Living scholarship<br>
<br>
Princeton University Press is starting a new line of electronic texts
called Digital Books Plus.  A book in the series will start life as
a print and electronic book, for sale at a competitive price.  Then
the author participates in an online discussion with readers, hosted by
Princeton.  After a time the author writes up a response to the
questions and objections raised in the online dialogue and Princeton
makes this supplement available free of charge, even to readers who
didn't buy the original book.<br>
<br>
Princeton says this takes us beyond static books, even static e-books, to
living books.  Princeton plans to revive 500 books from its
back-list and give them new life in this format.  <br>
<br>
The digital texts of the e-books come formatted for the Microsoft Reader
and the Adobe Reader.  The digital supplements can be downloaded
from Amazon, but require one of the two e-book readers.  <br>
<br>
The first book in the series is Cass Sunstein's _Republic.com_, which
appeared last month.  It seems that the reader-author dialogue is
already complete, for Sunstein's supplement is already available for
downloading.  <br>
<br>
I like the idea of living books.  But I'd like this version of the
idea better if Princeton gave the public more time to discover and read
the book, or if periodic reader-author dialogues allowed periodic updates
to the electronic supplement.  What about free electronic
supplements to books originally published elsewhere?  What about a
general "life-extension" program for dead print scholarship of
all kinds, whether in books or journals?<br>
<br>
If you like the general idea of living scholarship but would rather have
it all electronic and all free, then check out the Stanford Encyclopedia
of Philosophy (SEP).  Conceived and edited by Edward Zalta, the
encyclopedia is a work in progress, whose table of contents has been
growing since 1995.  The SEP is innovative in allowing authors of
articles to revise them after publication in light of new scholarship or
new developments.  When an author submits revisions to an existing
article, the revisions are vetted by the same editorial board which
approved the original article.  The result is a peer-reviewed
reference work which never goes out of date.  Versions of the SEP
are archived quarterly so that citations to superseded versions can be
verified.  <br>
<br>
Press release for Princeton Digital Books Plus<br>
<a href="http://pup.princeton.edu/releases/pdbp.html" eudora="autourl">http://pup.princeton.edu/releases/pdbp.html</a><br>
<br>
Links to Sunstein's book and supplement<br>
<a href="http://pup.princeton.edu/sunstein/" eudora="autourl">http://pup.princeton.edu/sunstein/</a><br>
<br>
Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy<br>
<a href="http://plato.stanford.edu/" eudora="autourl">http://plato.stanford.edu/</a><br>
<br>
----------<br>
<br>
Guide to unfree online scholarship<br>
<br>
Free online scholarship is growing, but unfree scholarship is voluminous
online.  It is easy to overlook because it is hidden behind
passwords and does not appear in general search engines.  How much
is there, and how can you find sources in your field?  <br>
<br>
The best answer so far is _Books and Periodicals Online_, a print
directory, and its online equivalent, _Periodicals.net_.  The 2001
edition of the print directory costs $397.  The online version costs
a single user $19.95 per month.  To explore the online directory,
the publisher, Library Technology Alliance, Ltd., offers a 30 day free
trial.<br>
<br>
The directory also covers free online scholarship.  How about a free
directory for that subset of the database?  <br>
<br>
Periodicals.net.  <br>
<a href="http://www.periodicals.net/" eudora="autourl">http://www.periodicals.net/</a><br>
<br>
----------<br>
<br>
Keeping the "free" in free online scholarship<br>
<br>
Reporters Without Borders, a group of French journalists, has just
published an investigative report on countries that try to control or
track the online activities of their citizens.  These countries
include Britain and Australia.<br>
<br>
This has FOS implications.  As more scholarship moves online, the
freedom to visit any page will increasingly become a component of
academic freedom.  <br>
<br>
The report recommends that countries with more online freedom host
articles or even whole newspapers censored or banned in countries with
less online freedom.  The internet is only a force for freedom if
its users use it that way.<br>
<br>
The Enemies of the Internet (abridged)<br>
<a href="http://www.rsf.fr/uk/homennemis.html" eudora="autourl">http://www.rsf.fr/uk/homennemis.</a><a href="http://www.rsf.fr/uk/homennemis.html" eudora="autourl">html<br>
</a>(The complete report is for sale at the site.)<br>
<br>
Reporters Without Borders<br>
<a href="http://www.rsf.fr/uk/home.html" eudora="autourl">http://www.rsf.fr/uk/home.html</a><br>
<br>
Countries that Track Internet Activity<br>
<a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2001/04/26/technology/26BSAF.html" eudora="autourl">http://www.nytimes.com/2001/04/26/technology/26BSAF.</a><a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2001/04/26/technology/26BSAF.html" eudora="autourl">html<br>
</a>From the _New York Times_, April 26, 2001<br>
<br>
----------<br>
<br>
This is the Free Online Scholarship Newsletter.<br>
<br>
Please feel free to forward this newsletter to colleagues.  If you
received this issue from a friend, you may subscribe yourself by signing
up at the FOS home page or the FOS Newsletter page. <br>
<br>
FOS home page<br>
<a href="http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/index.htm" eudora="autourl">http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/index.htm</a><br>
<br>
FOS Newsletter subscriptions, back issues, discussion<br>
<a href="http://www.topica.com/lists/suber-fos" eudora="autourl">http://www.topica.com/lists/suber-fos</a><br>
<br>
Peter Suber<br>
<font color="#808080"><a href="http://www.earlham.edu/~peters" eudora="autourl">http://www.earlham.edu/~peters</a><br>
<br>
</font>Copyright (c) 2001, Peter Suber<br>
<a href="http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/copyrite.htm" eudora="autourl">http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/copyrite.</a><a href="http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/copyrite.htm" eudora="autourl">htm<br>
</a></html>

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