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[FOS] FOS Newsletter, 6/8/01  Peter Suber
 Jun 08, 2001 08:28 PDT 
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      Welcome to the Free Online Scholarship Newsletter
      June 8, 2001

----------

One man's protest

Ted Bergstrom is an economist at the University of California at Santa
Barbara. He thinks it's bad economics to donate his labor as a referee to
journals that turn around and gouge his university with exorbitant
subscription prices. He's taken a vow not to referee articles for any
journal charging more than $1000/year, and to favor those charging less
than $300. His arguments and an array of supporting data are available at
his home page. Later this year Bergstrom will publish a version of his
argument in the _Journal of Economic Perspectives_.

Here are a few gems from his supporting data. In 1999, there were 15
economics journals charging more than $1000/year, 11 of them from
Elsevier. You might think that the more expensive journals published more
pages per year than the others, or were more frequently cited. Not
necessarily. When economics journals are sorted by price per page, the
highest ranked journal priced over $1000/year showed up in 82nd
place. When sorted by citations per page, the best showed up in 51st place.

Bergstrom knows that telemarketers and televangelists would pay good money
for a list of gullible people, but he is giving away what he calls his
"P.T. Barnum" list of gullible university libraries that subscribe to the
most expensive and least cited journals. The two most expensive economics
journals each charge libraries more than $7500/year. They are rarely cited
and most economists have never heard of them. By contrast, the six most
cited economics journals average $180/year. If your university is on
Bergstrom's P.T. Barnum list, tell your head librarian immediately and ask
your president for a bounty on the saved money.

Ted Bergstrom's home page
http://www.econ.ucsb.edu/~tedb/

Ted Bergstrom, Free Labor for Costly Journals?
http://www.econ.ucsb.edu/~tedb/Journals/jeppdf.pdf
Forthcoming from the _Journal of Economic Perspectives_

Bergstrom's P.T. Barnum List
http://www.econ.ucsb.edu/~tedb/ptbarnum.html

----------

Thesaurus Linguae Graecae moves to the web

Classicists specializing in ancient Greece are lucky: all their primary
texts have been written, all are in the public domain, and all have been
digitized. In 1972, the Thesaurus Linguae Graecae (TLG) began digitizing
Greek literature, starting with Homer and moving forwards. Today the
project has digitized the 1,400 years' worth of literature since Homer,
bringing the collection up to about year 600 of the common era. The
collection includes all extant Greek texts, including those in science and
mathematics, poetry and drama, philosophy and religion. TLG's mission is
to continue to digitize Greek literature up to the present day.

The TLG database was originally distributed on specialized Ibycus
hardware. In 1985 it became available on CD-ROMs. But starting this
spring, institutions may buy a license to read and search the entire corpus
over the web. An online demo allows non-subscribers to search all the TLG
bibliographies and a selection of its texts.

To scholars with special needs, the completeness of the TLG is the
advantage that justifies the subscription price. To scholars who can
accept a degree of incompleteness, the TLG has a serious rival in the
Perseus Digital Library. Perseus contains the full-texts of the
most-studied works of Greek antiquity, but not literally every single
one. To compensate, Perseus goes beyond Greek to Latin literature and to
other special collections (such as the English Renaissance and Californian
history), includes English translations along with the original languages,
contains a museum's worth of images of ancient art and artifacts, and
offers all its content online free of charge.

TLG is a non-profit research center at the University of California at
Irvine. Perseus is a non-profit enterprise at Tufts University.

Thesaurus Linguae Graecae
http://www.tlg.uci.edu/

Perseus Digital Library
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/

----------

The archivelets are coming!

If scholars put their works online in compliance with the metadata
standards of the Open Archives Initiative (OAI), then their works can be
combined with all other OAI-compliant works into a large virtual archive
for efficient searching.

The easy way to do this is to deposit your work in an OAI-complaint archive
maintained by your institution. Software called eprints makes this even
easier by creating an OAI-compliant archive ready to be filled with
content. Now there is competition in this corner of the field. Kepler is
the first software since eprints for creating OAI-compliant archives. Its
main difference from eprints is that it runs on the scholar's own computer
under Windows, not on an institutional server under UNIX. It is meant for
one person's online scholarship, not one institution's. Consequently, say
Kepler's developers, it doesn't create archives but archivelets.

Kepler won't make you an archivelet just yet; it is still being
debugged. However, researchers interested in the project may download the
source code from the site. Kepler is produced by the Digital Library Group
at Old Dominion University.

Kepler
http://kepler.cs.odu.edu/

Introduction to Kepler by its developers
http://www.dlib.org/dlib/april01/maly/04maly.html
From _D-Lib Magazine_, April 2001

eprints.org
http://www.eprints.org/

Open Archives Initiative
http://www.openarchives.org/

----------

Elsevier-Harcourt merger

Librarians are protesting the Reed Elsevier's imminent acquisition of
Harcourt General. The merger will give Elsevier control over 1500
scholarly journals, including 125 of the 500 most cited
journals. Librarians fear that the merger will reduce price competition
and aggravate the crisis of skyrocketing journal prices. While the U.S.
Justice Department does not oppose the acquisition, UK authorities must
still approve it.

Elsevier's subscription prices and their annual increases are high on
everyone's list of the major causes of the price crisis for scholarly
journals. For example, in response to the merger announcement, Britain's
Consortium of University Research Libraries (CURL) asked its members to
compare the percentage of its journals published by Elsevier with the
percentage of its journal budget spent on the Elsevier titles. On average
the latter figure was 2.6 times the former.

Librarians protest Elsevier merger
http://www.apurl.org/989446536/index_html
From the Advanced Publishing Research Laboratory, summarizing a story in
ScienceNOW

CURL survey
http://www.curl.ac.uk/about/respelsevier.html

* Postscript. For background, see Mark McCabe's 1999 article, "The Impact
of Publisher Mergers on Journal Prices: An Update."
http://www.arl.org/newsltr/207/jrnlprices.html

----------

The end for free online content?

If you read the geek press as I do, then you've seen many articles recently
on the death of free content on the internet. There does seem to be a turn
taking place, but don't be mislead. These articles are about news and
entertainment, not scholarship. The economic difference is large. The
free online scholarship movement is based on the premise that scholars are
not paid for their journal articles. Hence it is no sacrifice for them to
put their articles on the web for free, and to cut out the for-profit
publisher who limits readership and (in return!) keeps all the revenue. By
contrast, producers of news and music make money from their works and
produce them in order to make money. Because academics make their salary
even when their works of scholarship earn nothing, they are insulated from
the market in a way that is unique among content providers. This is only
one reason why the Napster controversy is not relevant to the debate about
free online scholarship.

It may be true that news bureaus and entertainment companies have awakened
to the reality that giving away content forever isn't a good business
plan. Some tried the Amazon experiment of losing money in trade for market
share, but now realize that traffic doesn't pay the bills. Some
experimented with free content supported by advertising, but online
advertising revenues are now in general decline. Some coasted on
investment capital, or counted on second-round funding, but then the market
soured. For news and entertainment companies, who sing for their supper,
this may the end of an era. For scholars, who do not brood for their food,
there is no economic lesson here.

The fact that academics are paid by their universities and not by readers
is one of the guarantees of academic freedom. Scholars needn't appeal to
the market in order to gain and retain the security of a paid
position. This frees them to be controversial or micro-specialized. Of
course it also frees some to be obscure, and it frees others, who didn't
quite get the point, to be faddish and market-driven. But note that it is
the very same insulation from the market which makes free online
scholarship possible. This unexpected harmony of two of our deepest
interests --and not Web TV-- is what we should think of when we hear the
phrase "digital convergence".

Some recent articles on the end of free online content:
http://news.cnet.com/news/0-1005-201-5995337-0.html?tag=ch_mh
http://www.zdnet.com/zdnn/stories/news/0,4586,2768421,00.html
http://www.content-wire.com/Home/Index.cfm?ccs=86&cs=369
http://www.ecompany.com/articles/mag/0,1640,11623,00.html
http://www.content-exchange.com/cx/html/newsletter/2-22/com2-22.htm
http://stacks.msnbc.com/news/542975.asp?cp1=1
http://www.telegraph.co.uk:80/et?ac=000140326706927&rtmo=lvnHQoot&atmo=rrrrrrrq&pg=/et/01/3/1/ecnnet01.html

----------

Following-up

In the 5/25/01 issue, I summarized some of the more ambitious attempts to
keep track of free online scholarship. Here's one I overlooked. The
UNESCO "Memory of the World" Program and the International Federation of
Library Associations have launched a search engine which aspires to cover
all the digitized "cultural heritage" collections around the world. All it
needs is permission from the various sites to crawl them. If you manage
such a collection, please register it at the site.

Directory of Digitized Collections
http://thoth.bl.uk/

----------

In other publications

* In the June 11 issue of _The Scientist_ Thomas Walker calls on journals
to imitate a practice initiated by the Entomological Society of America
(ESA) in its four scholarly journals. If authors of articles accepted by
an ESA print journal pay a fee equal to 70% of 100 offprints of their
articles, then ESA will put their articles online in PDF format for all
readers free of charge. This solution gives readers free online access and
it gives journals revenue.
http://www.the-scientist.com/yr2001/jun/opin_010611.html
(Access to this article requires free registration.)

* On June 5, the UK Office for Library & Information Networking (UKOLN)
released its study of the architecture of Britain's Distributed National
Electronic Resource (DNER). The study lays the groundwork for
architectural improvements which will create a more unified and friendly
virtual archive out of the many collections making up the DNER.
http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/distributed-systems/dner/arch/

* In the June 4 issue of _First Monday_, CNI Director Clifford Lynch
comprehensively surveys the risks and opportunities for digital books. He
describes some frightening scenarios for compatibility, cost, preservation,
and censorship, scenarios which are just one or two missteps away from
where we are today.
http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue6_6/lynch/index.html

* In the same issue of _First Monday_, Jan Newmarch argues that an "open
content" license, analogous to the open source license used in the open
source software movement, should be used instead of traditional copyright
for distance learning courseware. It seems to me that most of his argument
would apply without modification to works of scholarship. (See the Bryan
Pfaffenger article, below.)
http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue6_6/newmarch/index.html

* On May 2, Mary Case posted a paper to the SPARC web site which will soon
be published by the MIT Press. In the paper she measures SPARC's success
at introducing price competition in the world of STM (scientific,
technical, and medical) journals.
http://www.arl.org/sparc/core/index.asp?page=f41

* In the April 11 _Linux Journal_, Bryan Pfaffenberger in effect extends
the Jan Newmarch argument (above) from courseware to works of
scholarship. Pfaffenberger argues that copyright prevents the free
creation of derivative works, and that making derivative works out of
written texts is at least as important as making derivative works out of
source code.
http://www2.linuxjournal.com/articles/currents/0030.html

* In the April issue of _EContent_ Donald Hawkins reports that the market
for e-textbooks is growing more quickly than the market for general e-books.
http://www.ecmag.net/news/news01/ecnews4b.html (abstract only)

* In the April issue of _Against the Grain_ Carla Stoffle reviews the
purpose and mission of SPARC, emphasizing its benefits for librarians, and
putting some misunderstandings to rest.
http://www.arl.org/sparc/ATG.pdf

----------

Conferences

If you plan to attend one of the following conferences, please share your
observations with us through our discussion forum.

* Electronic Cultural Atlas Initiative
http://www.archaeology.usyd.edu.au/ecai_2001/
Sydney, June 12-16

* Digital Past, Digital Future: An Introduction to Digital Preservation
http://www.oclc.org/events/ala/friday.shtm
San Francisco, June 15 (OCLC session at ALA Annual Conference)

* Joint DELOS-NSF Workshop on Personalisation and Recommender Systems in
Digital Libraries
http://www.compapp.dcu.ie/delos/
Dublin, June 18-20

* Digitisation Solutions: Strategies in Practise (HEDS)
http://heds.herts.ac.uk/conf2001/conf2001.html
London, June 19

* Update on the Dublin Core Metadata Initiative
http://www.cimi.org/ci/ci_0601_forum_reg.html
New York, June 21

* Joint Conference on Digital Libraries
http://www.jcdl.org/
Roanoke, Virginia, June 24-28

* International Conference on Electronic Publishing 2001
http://library.ukc.ac.uk/iccc/2001/main.html
Canterbury, July 5-7

* First DELOS International Summer School on Digital Library Technologies
http://www.iei.pi.cnr.it/DELOS/delos2/SummerSchool/1stschool.htm
Pisa, July 9-13

* Developing an agenda for institutional e-print archives
http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/events/open-archives/intro.html
London, July 11

* Biological Research with Information Extraction & Open-Access Publications
http://bioinformatics.org/bof/brie-oap-01/
Copenhagen, July 26

==========

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Peter Suber
http://www.earlham.edu/~peters

Copyright (c) 2001, Peter Suber
http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/copyrite.htm

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Content-Type: text/html; charset="iso-8859-1"
Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable

<html>
<x-tab>     </x-tab>Welcome to the Free Online
Scholarship Newsletter<br>
<x-tab>     </x-tab>June 8, 2001<br>
<br>
----------<br>
<br>
One man's protest<br>
<br>
Ted Bergstrom is an economist at the University of California at Santa
Barbara.  He thinks it's bad economics to donate his labor as a
referee to journals that turn around and gouge his university with
exorbitant subscription prices.  He's taken a vow not to referee
articles for any journal charging more than $1000/year, and to favor
those charging less than $300.  His arguments and an array of
supporting data are available at his home page.  Later this year
Bergstrom will publish a version of his argument in the _Journal of
Economic Perspectives_.<br>
<br>
Here are a few gems from his supporting data.  In 1999, there were
15 economics journals charging more than $1000/year, 11 of them from
Elsevier.  You might think that the more expensive journals
published more pages per year than the others, or were more frequently
cited.  Not necessarily.  When economics journals are sorted by
price per page, the highest ranked journal priced over $1000/year showed
up in 82nd place.  When sorted by citations per page, the best
showed up in 51st place.  <br>
<br>
Bergstrom knows that telemarketers and televangelists would pay good
money for a list of gullible people, but he is giving away what he calls
his "P.T. Barnum" list of gullible university libraries that
subscribe to the most expensive and least cited journals.  The two
most expensive economics journals each charge libraries more than
$7500/year.  They are rarely cited and most economists have never
heard of them.  By contrast, the six most cited economics journals
average $180/year.  If your university is on Bergstrom's P.T. Barnum
list, tell your head librarian immediately and ask your president for a
bounty on the saved money. <br>
<br>
Ted Bergstrom's home page<br>
<a href=3D"http://www.econ.ucsb.edu/~tedb/"=
eudora=3D"autourl">http://www.econ.ucsb.edu/~tedb/</a><br>
<br>
Ted Bergstrom, Free Labor for Costly Journals?<br>
<a href=3D"http://www.econ.ucsb.edu/~tedb/Journals/jeppdf.pdf"=
eudora=3D"autourl">http://www.econ.ucsb.edu/~tedb/Journals/jeppdf.pdf</a><b=
r>
Forthcoming from the _Journal of Economic Perspectives_<br>
<br>
Bergstrom's P.T. Barnum List<br>
<a href=3D"http://www.econ.ucsb.edu/~tedb/ptbarnum.html"=
eudora=3D"autourl">http://www.econ.ucsb.edu/~tedb/ptbarnum.html</a><br>
<br>
----------<br>
<br>
Thesaurus Linguae Graecae moves to the web<br>
<br>
Classicists specializing in ancient Greece are lucky:  all their
primary texts have been written, all are in the public domain, and all
have been digitized.  In 1972, the Thesaurus Linguae Graecae (TLG)
began digitizing Greek literature, starting with Homer and moving
forwards.  Today the project has digitized the 1,400 years' worth of
literature since Homer, bringing the collection up to about year 600 of
the common era.  The collection includes all extant Greek texts,
including those in science and mathematics, poetry and drama, philosophy
and religion.  TLG's mission is to continue to digitize Greek
literature up to the present day.<br>
<br>
The TLG database was originally distributed on specialized Ibycus
hardware.  In 1985 it became available on CD-ROMs.  But
starting this spring, institutions may buy a license to read and search
the entire corpus over the web.  An online demo allows
non-subscribers to search all the TLG bibliographies and a selection of
its texts.<br>
  <br>
To scholars with special needs, the completeness of the TLG is the
advantage that justifies the subscription price.  To scholars who
can accept a degree of incompleteness, the TLG has a serious rival in the
Perseus Digital Library.  Perseus contains the full-texts of the
most-studied works of Greek antiquity, but not literally every single
one.  To compensate, Perseus goes beyond Greek to Latin literature
and to other special collections (such as the English Renaissance and
Californian history), includes English translations along with the
original languages, contains a museum's worth of images of ancient art
and artifacts, and offers all its content online free of charge. <br>
<br>
TLG is a non-profit research center at the University of California at
Irvine.  Perseus is a non-profit enterprise at Tufts University.
<br>
<br>
Thesaurus Linguae Graecae <br>
<a href=3D"http://www.tlg.uci.edu/"=
eudora=3D"autourl">http://www.tlg.uci.edu/</a><br>
<br>
Perseus Digital Library<br>
<a href=3D"http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/"=
eudora=3D"autourl">http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/</a><br>
<br>
----------<br>
<br>
The archivelets are coming!<br>
<br>
If scholars put their works online in compliance with the metadata
standards of the Open Archives Initiative (OAI), then their works can be
combined with all other OAI-compliant works into a large virtual archive
for efficient searching.  <br>
<br>
The easy way to do this is to deposit your work in an OAI-complaint
archive maintained by your institution.  Software called eprints
makes this even easier by creating an OAI-compliant archive ready to be
filled with content.  Now there is competition in this corner of the
field.  Kepler is the first software since eprints for creating
OAI-compliant archives.  Its main difference from eprints is that it
runs on the scholar's own computer under Windows, not on an institutional
server under UNIX.  It is meant for one person's online scholarship,
not one institution's.  Consequently, say Kepler's developers, it
doesn't create archives but archivelets.  <br>
<br>
Kepler won't make you an archivelet just yet; it is still being
debugged.  However, researchers interested in the project may
download the source code from the site.  Kepler is produced by the
Digital Library Group at Old Dominion University.<br>
<br>
Kepler<br>
<a href=3D"http://kepler.cs.odu.edu/"=
eudora=3D"autourl">http://kepler.cs.odu.edu/</a><br>
<br>
Introduction to Kepler by its developers<br>
<a href=3D"http://www.dlib.org/dlib/april01/maly/04maly.html"=
eudora=3D"autourl">http://www.dlib.org/dlib/april01/maly/04maly.html</a><br=
 
From _D-Lib Magazine_, April 2001<br>
<br>
eprints.org<br>
<a href=3D"http://www.eprints.org/"=
eudora=3D"autourl">http://www.eprints.org/</a><br>
<br>
Open Archives Initiative<br>
<a href=3D"http://www.openarchives.org/"=
eudora=3D"autourl">http://www.openarchives.org/</a><br>
<br>
----------<br>
<br>
Elsevier-Harcourt merger<br>
<br>
Librarians are protesting the Reed Elsevier's imminent acquisition of
Harcourt General.  The merger will give Elsevier control over 1500
scholarly journals, including 125 of the 500 most cited journals. 
Librarians fear that the merger will reduce price competition and
aggravate the crisis of skyrocketing journal prices.  While the U.S.
Justice Department does not oppose the acquisition, UK authorities must
still approve it.<br>
<br>
Elsevier's subscription prices and their annual increases are high on
everyone's list of the major causes of the price crisis for scholarly
journals.  For example, in response to the merger announcement,
Britain's Consortium of University Research Libraries (CURL) asked its
members to compare the percentage of its journals published by Elsevier
with the percentage of its journal budget spent on the Elsevier
titles.  On average the latter figure was 2.6 times the=20
former.<br>
<br>
Librarians protest Elsevier merger<br>
<a href=3D"http://www.apurl.org/989446536/index_html"=
eudora=3D"autourl">http://www.apurl.org/989446536/index_html</a><br>
From the Advanced Publishing Research Laboratory, summarizing a story in
ScienceNOW<br>
<br>
CURL survey <br>
<a href=3D"http://www.curl.ac.uk/about/respelsevier.html"=
eudora=3D"autourl">http://www.curl.ac.uk/about/respelsevier.html</a><br>
<br>
* Postscript.  For background, see Mark McCabe's 1999 article,
"The Impact of Publisher Mergers on Journal Prices:  An
Update."<br>
<a href=3D"http://www.arl.org/newsltr/207/jrnlprices.html"=
eudora=3D"autourl">http://www.arl.org/newsltr/207/jrnlprices.</a><a=
href=3D"http://www.arl.org/newsltr/207/jrnlprices.html"=
eudora=3D"autourl">html<br>
<br>
</a>----------<br>
<br>
The end for free online content?<br>
<br>
If you read the geek press as I do, then you've seen many articles
recently on the death of free content on the internet.  There does
seem to be a turn taking place, but don't be mislead.  These
articles are about news and entertainment, not scholarship.  The
economic difference is large.  The free online scholarship movement
is based on the premise that scholars are not paid for their journal
articles.  Hence it is no sacrifice for them to put their articles
on the web for free, and to cut out the for-profit publisher who limits
readership and (in return!) keeps all the revenue.  By contrast,
producers of news and music make money from their works and produce them
in order to make money.  Because academics make their salary even
when their works of scholarship earn nothing, they are insulated from the
market in a way that is unique among content providers.  This is
only one reason why the Napster controversy is not relevant to the debate
about free online scholarship.<br>
<br>
It may be true that news bureaus and entertainment companies have
awakened to the reality that giving away content forever isn't a good
business plan.  Some tried the Amazon experiment of losing money in
trade for market share, but now realize that traffic doesn't pay the
bills.  Some experimented with free content supported by
advertising, but online advertising revenues are now in general
decline.  Some coasted on investment capital, or counted on
second-round funding, but then the market soured.  For news and
entertainment companies, who sing for their supper, this may the end of
an era.  For scholars, who do not brood for their food, there is no
economic lesson here.<br>
<br>
The fact that academics are paid by their universities and not by readers
is one of the guarantees of academic freedom.  Scholars needn't
appeal to the market in order to gain and retain the security of a paid
position.  This frees them to be controversial or
micro-specialized.  Of course it also frees some to be obscure, and
it frees others, who didn't quite get the point, to be faddish and
market-driven.  But note that it is the very same insulation from
the market which makes free online scholarship possible.  This
unexpected harmony of two of our deepest interests --and not Web TV-- is
what we should think of when we hear the phrase "digital
convergence". <br>
<br>
Some recent articles on the end of free online content:<br>
<a href=3D"http://news.cnet.com/news/0-1005-201-5995337-0.html?tag=3Dch_mh"=
eudora=3D"autourl">http://news.cnet.com/news/0-1005-201-5995337-0.html?tag=
=3Dch_mh</a><br>
<a href=3D"http://www.zdnet.com/zdnn/stories/news/0,4586,2768421,00.html"=
eudora=3D"autourl">http</a><a=
href=3D"http://www.zdnet.com/zdnn/stories/news/0,4586,2768421,00.html"=
eudora=3D"autourl">://www.zdnet.com/zdnn/stories/news/0,4586,2768421,00.htm=
l</a><br>
<a href=3D"http://www.content-wire.com/Home/Index.cfm?ccs=3D86&;cs=3D369"=
eudora=3D"autourl">http</a><a=
href=3D"http://www.content-wire.com/Home/Index.cfm?ccs=3D86&;cs=3D369"=
eudora=3D"autourl">://www.content-wire.com/Home/Index.cfm?ccs=3D86&cs=
=3D369</a><br>
<a href=3D"http://www.ecompany.com/articles/mag/0,1640,11623,00.html"=
eudora=3D"autourl">http</a><a=
href=3D"http://www.ecompany.com/articles/mag/0,1640,11623,00.html"=
eudora=3D"autourl">://www.ecompany.com/articles/mag/0,1640,11623,00.html</a=
 <br>
<a=
href=3D"http://www.content-exchange.com/cx/html/newsletter/2-22/com2-22.htm=
" eudora=3D"autourl">http</a><a=
href=3D"http://www.content-exchange.com/cx/html/newsletter/2-22/com2-22.htm=
"=
eudora=3D"autourl">://www.content-exchange.com/cx/html/newsletter/2-22/com2=
-22.htm</a><br>
<a href=3D"http://stacks.msnbc.com/news/542975.asp?cp1=3D1"=
eudora=3D"autourl">http</a><a=
href=3D"http://stacks.msnbc.com/news/542975.asp?cp1=3D1"=
eudora=3D"autourl">://stacks.msnbc.com/news/542975.asp?cp1=3D1</a><br>
<a=
href=3D"http://www.telegraph.co.uk/et?ac=3D000140326706927&;rtmo=3DlvnHQ=
oot&atmo=3Drrrrrrrq&pg=3D/et/01/3/1/ecnnet01.html"=
eudora=3D"autourl">http</a>://www.telegraph.co.uk:80/et?ac=3D00014032670692=
7&rtmo=3DlvnHQoot&atmo=3Drrrrrrrq&pg=3D/et/01/3/1/ecnnet01.<a=
href=3D"http://www.telegraph.co.uk/et?ac=3D000140326706927&;rtmo=3DlvnHQ=
oot&atmo=3Drrrrrrrq&pg=3D/et/01/3/1/ecnnet01.html"=
eudora=3D"autourl">html<br>
<br>
</a>----------<br>
<br>
Following-up<br>
<br>
In the 5/25/01 issue, I summarized some of the more ambitious attempts to
keep track of free online scholarship.  Here's one I
overlooked.  The UNESCO "Memory of the World" Program and
the International Federation of Library Associations have launched a
search engine which aspires to cover all the digitized "cultural
heritage" collections around the world.  All it needs is
permission from the various sites to crawl them.  If you manage such
a collection, please register it at the site.<br>
<br>
Directory of Digitized Collections<br>
<a href=3D"http://thoth.bl.uk/" eudora=3D"autourl">http://thoth.bl.uk/</a><b=
r>
<br>
----------<br>
<br>
In other publications<br>
<br>
* In the June 11 issue of _The Scientist_ Thomas Walker calls on journals
to imitate a practice initiated by the Entomological Society of America
(ESA) in its four scholarly journals.  If authors of articles
accepted by an ESA print journal pay a fee equal to 70% of 100 offprints
of their articles, then ESA will put their articles online in PDF format
for all readers free of charge.  This solution gives readers free
online access and it gives journals revenue.  <br>
<a href=3D"http://www.the-scientist.com/yr2001/jun/opin_010611.html"=
eudora=3D"autourl">http://www.the-scientist.com/yr2001/jun/opin_010611.html=
</a><br>
(Access to this article requires free registration.)<br>
<br>
* On June 5, the UK Office for Library & Information  Networking
(UKOLN) released its study of the architecture of Britain's Distributed
National Electronic Resource (DNER).  The study lays the groundwork
for architectural improvements which will create a more unified and
friendly virtual archive out of the many collections making up the
DNER.  <br>
<a href=3D"http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/distributed-systems/dner/arch/"=
eudora=3D"autourl">http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/distributed-systems/dner/arch/</a=
 <br>
<br>
* In the June 4 issue of _First Monday_, CNI Director Clifford Lynch
comprehensively surveys the risks and opportunities for digital
books.  He describes some frightening scenarios for compatibility,
cost, preservation, and censorship, scenarios which are just one or two
missteps away from where we are today.<br>
<a href=3D"http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue6_6/lynch/index.html"=
eudora=3D"autourl">http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue6_6/lynch/index.html<=
/a><br>
<br>
* In the same issue of _First Monday_, Jan Newmarch argues that an
"open content" license, analogous to the open source license
used in the open source software movement, should be used instead of
traditional copyright for distance learning courseware.  It seems to
me that most of his argument would apply without modification to works of
scholarship.  (See the Bryan Pfaffenger article, below.)<br>
<a href=3D"http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue6_6/newmarch/index.html"=
eudora=3D"autourl">http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue6_6/newmarch/index.ht=
ml</a><br>
<br>
* On May 2, Mary Case posted a paper to the SPARC web site which will
soon be published by the MIT Press.  In the paper she measures
SPARC's success at introducing price competition in the world of STM
(scientific, technical, and medical) journals.  <br>
<a href=3D"http://www.arl.org/sparc/core/index.asp?page=3Df41"=
eudora=3D"autourl">http://www.arl.org/sparc/core/index.asp?page=3Df41</a><b=
r>
<br>
* In the April 11 _Linux Journal_, Bryan Pfaffenberger in effect extends
the Jan Newmarch argument (above) from courseware to works of
scholarship.  Pfaffenberger argues that copyright prevents the free
creation of derivative works, and that making derivative works out of
written texts is at least as important as making derivative works out of
source code.  <br>
<a href=3D"http://www2.linuxjournal.com/articles/currents/0030.html"=
eudora=3D"autourl">http://www2.linuxjournal.com/articles/currents/0030.html=
</a><br>
<br>
* In the April issue of _EContent_ Donald Hawkins reports that the market
for e-textbooks is growing more quickly than the market for general
e-books. <br>
<a href=3D"http://www.ecmag.net/news/news01/ecnews4b.html" eudora=3D"autourl=
">http://www.ecmag.net/news/news01/ecnews4b.html</a>
(abstract only)<br>
<br>
* In the April issue of _Against the Grain_ Carla Stoffle reviews the=
purpose and mission of SPARC, emphasizing its benefits for librarians, and=
putting some misunderstandings to rest.<br>
<a href=3D"http://www.arl.org/sparc/ATG.pdf"=
eudora=3D"autourl">http://www.arl.org/sparc/ATG.pdf</a><br>
<br>
----------<br>
<br>
Conferences<br>
<br>
If you plan to attend one of the following conferences, please share your=
observations with us through our discussion forum.<br>
<br>
* Electronic Cultural Atlas Initiative<br>
<a href=3D"http://www.archaeology.usyd.edu.au/ecai_2001/"=
eudora=3D"autourl">http://www.archaeology.usyd.edu.au/ecai_2001/</a><br>
Sydney, June 12-16<br>
<br>
* Digital Past, Digital Future: An Introduction to Digital Preservation<br>
<a href=3D"http://www.oclc.org/events/ala/friday.shtm"=
eudora=3D"autourl">http://www.oclc.org/events/ala/friday.shtm</a><br>
San Francisco, June 15 (OCLC session at ALA Annual Conference)<br>
<br>
* Joint DELOS-NSF Workshop on Personalisation and Recommender Systems in=
Digital Libraries <br>
<a href=3D"http://www.compapp.dcu.ie/delos/"=
eudora=3D"autourl">http://www.compapp.dcu.ie/delos/</a><br>
Dublin, June 18-20<br>
<br>
* Digitisation Solutions:  Strategies in Practise (HEDS)<br>
<a href=3D"http://heds.herts.ac.uk/conf2001/conf2001.html"=
eudora=3D"autourl">http://heds.herts.ac.uk/conf2001/conf2001.html</a><br>
London, June 19<br>
<br>
* Update on the Dublin Core Metadata Initiative<br>
<a href=3D"http://www.cimi.org/ci/ci_0601_forum_reg.html"=
eudora=3D"autourl">http://www.cimi.org/ci/ci_0601_forum_reg.html</a><br>
New York, June 21<br>
<br>
* Joint Conference on Digital Libraries<br>
<a href=3D"http://www.jcdl.org/"=
eudora=3D"autourl">http://www.jcdl.org/</a><br>
Roanoke, Virginia, June 24-28<br>
<br>
* International Conference on Electronic Publishing 2001<br>
<a href=3D"http://library.ukc.ac.uk/iccc/2001/main.html"=
eudora=3D"autourl">http://library.ukc.ac.uk/iccc/2001/main.html</a><br>
Canterbury, July 5-7<br>
<br>
* First DELOS International Summer School on Digital Library=
Technologies<br>
<a href=3D"http://www.iei.pi.cnr.it/DELOS/delos2/SummerSchool/1stschool.htm"=
eudora=3D"autourl">http://www.iei.pi.cnr.it/DELOS/delos2/SummerSchool/1stsc=
hool.htm</a><br>
Pisa, July 9-13<br>
<br>
* Developing an agenda for institutional e-print archives<br>
<a href=3D"http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/events/open-archives/intro.html"=
eudora=3D"autourl">http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/events/open-archives/intro.html</=
a><br>
London, July 11<br>
<br>
* Biological Research with Information Extraction & Open-Access=
Publications<br>
<a href=3D"http://bioinformatics.org/bof/brie-oap-01/"=
eudora=3D"autourl">http://bioinformatics.org/bof/brie-oap-01/</a><br>
Copenhagen, July 26<br>
<br>
=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D<br>
<br>
This is the Free Online Scholarship Newsletter.<br>
<br>
Please feel free to forward this newsletter to interested colleagues. =
If you are reading a forwarded copy of this issue, you may subscribe=
yourself by signing up at the FOS home page or the FOS Newsletter page.=
<br>
<br>
FOS home page<br>
<a href=3D"http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/index.htm"=
eudora=3D"autourl">http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/index.htm</a><br>
<br>
FOS Newsletter subscriptions, back issues, discussion<br>
<a href=3D"http://www.topica.com/lists/suber-fos"=
eudora=3D"autourl">http://www.topica.com/lists/suber-fos</a><br>
<br>
Peter Suber<br>
<font color=3D"#808080"><a href=3D"http://www.earlham.edu/~peters"=
eudora=3D"autourl">http://www.earlham.edu/~peters</a><br>
<br>
</font>Copyright (c) 2001, Peter Suber<br>
<a href=3D"http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/copyrite.htm"=
eudora=3D"autourl">http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/copyrite.</a><a=
href=3D"http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/copyrite.htm"=
eudora=3D"autourl">htm<br>
<br>
</a>** If you receive this newsletter by email, then please delete the=
"easy unsubscribe" footer (below) before forwarding it to friends=
or colleagues. It contains a code identifying you as the original recipient=
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