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FOS Newsletter, 10/26/01  Peter Suber
 Oct 26, 2001 11:12 PDT 
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      Welcome to the Free Online Scholarship (FOS) Newsletter
      October 26, 2001


More follow-up on the _Machine Learning_ resignations

* Andrea Foster has a good article about the resignations in the October 18
_Chronicle of Higher Education_.
http://chronicle.com/free/2001/10/2001101801t.htm

* Robin Peek tells the story for _InfoToday_, October 22.
http://www.infotoday.com/newsbreaks/nb011022-3.htm

* Tom Kirk, Head Librarian at Earlham College, wrote with another specimen
for the collection of editorial resignations. In 1998 most of the
editorial board of the _Journal of Academic Librarianship_ resigned to
protest the large hike in the subscription price imposed by
Pergamon-Elsevier after it bought the journal from JAI Press. Several of
the editors who resigned then created _Portal: Libraries and the Academy_
at Johns Hopkins University Press. In the first issue of _Portal_ Gloriana
St. Clair published a statement explaining why she and her co-founders
thought it necessary to create an affordable competitor to
JAL. Unfortunately, like other Portal articles, her statement is part of
Project MUSE and not available online for free.

I've written to _Portal_ for more details and may have them to report in
the next issue.

Gloriana St. Clair, statement in _Portal_ 1.1 on the need for _Portal_
http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/portal_libraries_and_the_academy/v001/1.1st_clair.html

(Accessible only to paid MUSE subscribers.)

[old journal] Journal of Academic Librarianship
http://www.suffolk.edu/admin/sawlib/jal/jalhomep.htm
(This link is dead. Does anyone know a more current one?)

[new journal] Portal: Libraries and the Academy
http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/pla/

Johns Hopkins press release about launch of _Portal_
http://www.press.jhu.edu/press/journals/informat/portal.html

Steve McKinzie and Jocelyn Godolphin, two opinions on the _Journal of
Academic Librarianship_ case
http://libres.curtin.edu.au/libres11n1/smjg.htm

* If you're keeping track, we now have five specimens in our
collection. To review them all, see the new page of FOS lists.
http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/lists.htm#declarations
(Generating this list would have been nearly impossible without an informed
readership. It's a perfect example of collaborative knowledge building
through networked communication.)

----------

Wikipedia

A wiki is a web site integrated with software that allows every visitor to
edit the site. Wikipedia is a wiki encyclopedia. This is the ultimate
development in dynamic, interactive, collaborative scholarship, if you can
call anything scholarship that dispenses with editorial filters in the name
of user freedom. Yes, entries are written and revised by users, as they
see fit. Launched last January, it already has over 14,000 articles. The
original Wikipedia is in English, although 17 non-English Wikipedias are
now evolving alongside it.

When it works the way it should, as it generally does, then short articles
are lengthened, mistakes are corrected, vagueness is clarified, and
omissions are filled by the continuous and parallel labors of the
reading/writing/visiting community. Of course revisions are not always
improvements; they can add falsehood, delete truth, or muddy clear
language. This is well-known, but the experience of the founders is that
the Wikipedia is overwhelmingly self-correcting.

Because all contributions can be revised or thoroughly rewritten by others,
they are anonymous. This means you can't use the author's reputation and
credentials as a surrogate for peer review.

So why should you trust unsigned articles that might have been written by
idiots and revised by morons? The creators have introduced many features
whose tendency is to insure that ignorant, incorrect, illiterate, and
mischievous contributions --and deletions-- are caught early and either
corrected or undone. For example, only Wikipedia administrators can
totally or permanently delete pages. Other deletions are kept for two
weeks in a "kept pages" archive where any other user can find and restore
them. After mischievous contributors are identified they can be blocked by
administrators. Recent changes are collected on a special page for special
scrutiny. Soon administrators will have the power to undo all changes from
a particular user or particular IP address. The entire Wikipedia is
frequently backed up, allowing administrators to restore any entry mangled
by users. Administrators are considering several proposals for retroactive
peer review.

Because visitors may add or revise articles with no approval from anyone,
there is no formal peer review in the traditional sense at all. But
Wikipedia is not so much an experiment in scholarship without peer review
as it is an experiment in communal peer review. Every volunteer is an
editor.

If you find it hard to believe that such a system could produce reliable
scholarship, even after some time for the forces of self-correction to have
their effect against the forces of ideology, dogmatism, and slovenly
thinking, then the founders reply that the experience of the system to date
may surprise you. Or as Lars Aronsson wrote in a recent posting to DigLib,
"Those who want to study how unpaid volunteers can self-organize and work
together to create a collection of [14,000+] interlinked articles in less
than a year, should take a look at Wikipedia right now. Next year will be
too late --it might be a useful product by then."

Wikipedia articles are released under the GNU Free Documentation License,
which essentially this invites the public to copy and use them freely, and
even to modify them with the proviso that all modified versions carry the
same license.

Wikipedia began life as a supplement to Nupedia, a more traditional online
encyclopedia with rigorous peer review. But it has now spun off from
Nupedia and stands alone. It is committed to remaining free for
readers. After it gets off the ground, it may generate revenue through ads
and pay its administrators from the revenue.

Thanks to Larry Sanger, co-founder of Wikipedia and editor in chief of
Nupedia, for some of these details.

Wikipedia
http://www.wikipedia.com/

Replies to those who worry about quality
http://www.wikipedia.com/wiki/Wikipedia/Our_Replies_to_Our_Critics

Proposals for retroactive peer review
http://www.wikipedia.com/wiki/Wikipedia_approval_mechanism

Non-English Wikipedias
http://www.wikipedia.com/wiki.fcgi?Non-English_Wikipedias

GNU Free Documentation License
http://www.wikipedia.com/wiki/GNU_Free_Documentation_License

Nupedia
http://www.nupedia.com/

----------

What are learned societies saying?

In FOSN for 8/16/01, I offered to make a web page collecting the policy
statements on FOS issues made by learned societies and professional
associations --if only you would send me the URLs of the statements in your
field or known to you. So far nobody has taken me up on the offer. I have
these two statements so far. Do you know of others? I'll include
statements by learned societies in any discipline and any country.

American Psychological Association
http://www.apa.org/journals/posting.html

American Physical Society
ftp://aps.org/pub/jrnls/copy_trnsfr.asc

* Postscript. I've add this list to the new page of FOS lists. If the
list grows, you can watch it grow there.
http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/lists.htm#statements

----------

Developments

* On October 25 Congress passed the huge USA Act to fight terrorism, and
President Bush will sign it today. The new law gives police and
intelligence agencies vastly increased surveillance powers. Civil
libertarians are supposed to be mollified by a four-year sunset clause on
some of the provisions. However, here are some of the FOS-endangering
provisions *not* covered by the sunset clause. Section 216: A state or
federal prosecutor can order the FBI's Carnivore eavesdropping system to
record what web sites you visit and to whom you send email, without getting
a court order. Section 505: The FBI can compel an ISP to turn over
customer information if it asserts that the information is relevant to a
counter-terrorism investigation, and again no court order is
required. Section 808: The crimes that count as acts of terrorism include
forms of harmful "communication" and "assistance" that are difficult to
separate from the publication of true and useful information (see FOSN for
9/28/01).

Declan McCullagh, Terror Act Has Lasting Effects
http://www.wired.com/news/conflict/0,2100,47901,00.html

Previously defined computer crimes now classified as acts of terrorism
http://www4.law.cornell.edu/uscode/18/1030.html

* The Library of Congress closed on October 18 for anthrax testing. It
reopened today, after all tests came back negative. The web site, of
course, was unaffected.
http://www.loc.gov/today/pr/2001/01-162.html

* A programmer who goes by the name "Beale Screamer" (think _Network_
starring Peter Finch) has broken version 2 of Microsoft's digital rights
management software. Microsoft confirms Screamer's claim, but insists that
the damage to its clients will be slight. Screamer is distributing a
zipped file containing an executable utility for bypassing copy
protection. The file also contains an articulate statement defending the
software as a necessary tool to preserve buyers' fair-use rights and the
right to copy their content to more than one machine. The file also
contains the source code, so that many hands can revise it in response to
Microsoft's foreseeable fix. The author can be reached through postings to
"Beale Screamer" on sci.crypt.

Thomas Green, MS digital rights management scheme cracked
http://www.theregister.co.uk/content/4/22354.html

John Borland, Hacker cracks Microsoft anti-piracy software
http://news.cnet.com/news/0-1005-200-7590303.html?tag=mn_hd

Steven Bonisteel, DMCA Protester Cracks Microsoft's Copyright Protection Code
http://www.newsbytes.com/news/01/171331.html

Amy Harmon, Programmer Exposes Microsoft Flaws
http://www.nytimes.com/2001/10/23/technology/23PIRA.html?todaysheadlines

Anon., Microsoft Explores Legal Options Against Hacker
http://www.siliconvalley.com/docs/news/svfront/014636.htm

Beale Screamer's zipped file
http://www.theregister.co.uk/media/657.zip

* First Microsoft urged New Zealand to revise its copyright laws to crack
down on pirates. In response, the Electronic Frontier Foundation urged New
Zealand not to repeat the mistake made by the United States in adopting the
DMCA.

Story on Microsoft
http://www.nzherald.co.nz/storydisplay.cfm?storyID=223986&thesection=technology&thesubsection=general

Story on EFF
http://www.newsbytes.com/news/01/171435.html

* During November and December, Sage will provide free online access to
over 250 of its electronic journals, including the back issues to
1999. (PS: But then they become unfree again. Is this about opening
access to help research or giving free samples to build sales?)
http://www.sagepub.co.uk/freeaccess/

* The University Press of Virginia has received a grant from the Mellon
Foundation to create a peer-reviewed electronic publishing program in the
humanities. The press release says nothing about free online access to the
results, but it makes this welcome promise: "Staff will experiment with
and document a variety of cost-recovery business models for electronic
publishing in consultation with faculty experts in the Darden Graduate
School of Business Administration." The program will be directed by Mick
Gusinde-Duffy, past director of publishing at netLibrary.
http://www.upress.virginia.edu/news.html
(This URL will soon point to different news.)

* The NSF has awarded Cornell University a $1.56 million grant to develop
software to collect scientific information from hundreds of sites across
the internet, organize it, and make it accessible to users through a
unified front end. The software will mine OAI archives and "deep web"
sites inaccessible to most other search engines. The NSF calls this the
Core System for the National Science Digital Library. (PS: The heavy
reliance on government funding suggests that the final product will be free
for users, but I haven't seen this stated explicitly anywhere. Does anyone
know how this stands?)
http://www.newswise.com/articles/2001/10/NSDLCOR.CNS.html

* The FBI has plans to restructure the internet to force all traffic
through certain nodes in order to facilitate email eavesdropping. FBI
spokesman Paul Bresson says he never heard of the plan. But the source of
the story is no paranoid: Stewart Baker, deputy general counsel to the
National Security Agency under George Bush I and Bill Clinton. (PS: The
packet-switching architecture of the internet allows traffic to flow around
any node that might be down for some reason, which makes the internet
robust in the face of node failures caused e.g. by rolling blackouts or
bombed cities. This FBI plan would negate this ingenious technology and
make the internet much more vulnerable to attack than it is now. Is this
really what "national security" requires?)
http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,37203,00.html

* The International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) and the
International Publishers Association (IPA) have agreed on four principles
on copyright in electronic environments, and issued a joint press release
to describe them.
http://www.ifla.org/V/press/ifla-ipa.htm

* Incredibly, MedLine is 30 years old this month. In internet years that's
more like 210. It was created in 1971, before the internet and before the
personal computer. At first it was disseminated by teletype. It became
free for users in 1997.
http://www.nih.gov/news/pr/oct2001/nlm-24.htm

----------

New on the net

* On October 24, the Internet Archive launched the Wayback Machine, perhaps
the largest free archive online. It contains 10 billion web pages from
1996 to the present, totalling over 100 terabytes of information. Enter a
URL and you'll be given a table of the archive's versions of that
page. Click on a version and look into the past. (PS: Another reason why
it's short-sighted to remove valid science from web sites in order to keep
it from terrorists --see FOSN for 10/5 and 10/12/01.)
http://web.archive.org/

* _Nature_ is devoting an issue to anthrax and is giving the public free
online access to each article.
http://www.nature.com/nature/anthrax/

* For more free online information on anthrax and other bio-warfare agents,
see the list of sources compiled by St. Louis University's Center for the
Study of Bioterrorism and Emerging Infections.
http://bioterrorism.slu.edu/internet.htm
Or the list complied by Anick Jesdanun for the Washington Post.
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A40732-2001Oct23.html

* Bernie Sloan has put online a bibliography of e-resource pricing models
and consortial issues. If this is of interest, then also see the
LibLicense annotated bibliography on similar topics, from Ann Okerson and
the Yale University Library.
http://www.lis.uiuc.edu/~b-sloan/issues.htm
http://www.library.yale.edu/~llicense/bibliogr.shtml

* Version 39 of Charles W. Bailey's Scholarly Electronic Publishing
Bibliography is now online. It contains citations to 1,450+ print and
online sources.
http://info.lib.uh.edu/sepb/sepb.html

* The Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) is maintaining a list of web
sites shut down by national governments or ISPs, asked to remove content,
or removing their own content, in the name of counter-terrorism and
patriotism. The result is not quite an archive of censored information,
since the information itself is missing. It's a cenotaph of censored
information.
http://www.eff.org/Privacy/Surveillance/Terrorism_militias/antiterrorism_chill.html

----------

In other publications

* In the October 29 _Newsweek_, Jay Mathews profiles Questia and its
founder, Troy Williams. By contrasting Questia with failed dot-coms,
Mathews makes Williams look like a genius. (PS: The question shouldn't be
whether he effectively markets texts to college students but why students
should pay $20/month for texts they can find for free either on the net or
in their university libraries. Is it really for online highlighting and
bibliographic citation generators?)

Jay Mathews, Doing Good, Doing Well
http://www.msnbc.com/news/645125.asp

Questia home page
http://www.questia.com/Index.jsp

* In the October 26 _Chronicle of Higher Education_ Elizabeth Farrell and
Florence Olsen report on a movement challenging universities to provide
decent wages and working conditions, and the right to organize, to the
third-world workers who do the bulk of their large digitization projects.
http://chronicle.com/free/v48/i09/09a03501.htm

* In an October 18 posting to the _Nature_ FOS debate, Carol Tenopir and
Donald King summarize their research on the use and costs of scientific
journals from 1960 to 2000. They point out but do not fully explain the
"paradox" that print journal prices have risen faster than inflation while
publishing costs per page, costs per author, and costs per reading have all
declined. One conclusion: "Much of the current ill will stems from
ignorance —-librarians and scientists do not understand the causes of
rising journal prices, and publishers...are afraid of becoming obsolete if
readers have access to articles without paying for them."
http://www.nature.com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/tenopir.html

* In another October 18 posting to the _Nature_ debate, David Worlock
argues that the nature of scholarship is changing faster than publishers,
scholars, and libraries can finish fighting their old
battles. Technologies like DOIs and CrossRef show unprecedented
collaboration between publishers and researchers, and the OAI will
transform article storage and searching. At the same time, the Semantic
Web is changing the unit of scholarship from the text article to the
knowledge-structure.
http://www.nature.com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/worlock.html

* In the October 15 _Library Journal_, Roy Tennant surveys a variety of
cross-database search technologies and describes the concept for newcomers.
http://libraryjournal.reviewsnews.com/index.asp?layout=article&articleid=CA170458
(Free registration required.)

* In the October issue of _Haematologica_, Moreno Curti and three
co-authors report on their longitudinal study of biomedical journals from
1995 to 2000. During this period, 85% of the journals studied added some
kind of free online content. During the same period, the median impact
factor for the set of journals studied showed a statistically significant
rise. The association between higher impact factors and free online
content was also statistically significant.
http://www.haematologica.it/full/pdf/2001_10/861015.pdf

* The European Bureau of Library, Information and Documentation
Associations (EBLIDA) has just put online the second edition of its
handbook on licensing digital resources. This is the first revision of the
handbook since 1998.
http://www.eblida.org/ecup/docs/licensing.pdf

* In the August/September issue of the _Bulletin of the American Society
for Information Science and Technology_, Petros Demilew argues that
electronic document delivery systems are necessary for research and
education in Ethiopia, and offers 14 recommendations to bring them
about. The recommendations address people issues like incentive and
coordination much more than technical issues like infrastructure.
http://www.asis.org/Bulletin/Aug-01/demilew.html

* In July, Steve Hitchcock and Wendy Hall argue that two steps are needed
to connect journal articles stored in open archives: (1) "decoupling
journal content from [the] publishing process" and (2) "defragmentation of
the control of access to works at the article level". They describe
_Perspectives in Electronic Publishing_, which Hitchcock conceived and
edits, as satisfying these conditions. Their paper was originally
presented at the ICCC/IFIP 5th Conference on Electronic Publishing at the
University of Kent.

Hitchcock and Hall, How Dynamic E-Journals can Interconnect Open Access
Archives
http://www.bib.ecs.soton.ac.uk/data/6878/html/elpub01-online.html

Perspectives in Electronic Publishing
http://aims.ecs.soton.ac.uk/pep.nsf

----------

Share your thoughts

* The ACM is seeking nominations for the biennial Eugene Lawler Award for
Humanitarian Contributions within Computer Science and Informatics. Among
the contributions that might earn someone this award are "creative research
concerning intellectual property issues" and "application of computers or
computing techniques to problems of developing countries". The ACM will
accept nominations until November 30.
http://www.acm.org/awards/lawlaward.html

----------

Following up

* In the last issue I mentioned Amazon's new "Look Inside" feature which
lets users read sample pages of selected books before deciding whether to
buy, and compared this to the National Academy Press policy to make all the
pages of all its print books freely accessible online. Compare both to
RealRead, a web-based page-sampling service that publishers or
self-publishing authors may offer from their own sites. If a publisher has
made all or part of one of its books RealRead-able, then users may click on
a link to launch an applet to display those pages and let the user flip
through them. The pages are in full color, with text and images
well-rendered. Turning a page is a fairly realistic animation of a turning
page. Publishers still decide how much of the book to make accessible in
this way, but needn't write, buy, or maintain their own software to create
the interface with web users.

RealRead
http://www.realread.com/
(Thanks to Sam Vaknin for bringing this to my attention.)

RealRead demo, Jacquelyn Black's _Microbiology_, 5th edition
http://www.realread.com/open-demo/browse.cgi?book=0471387290

* In the last issue I described the netLibrary agreement with OCLC,
designed to reassure netLibrary customers that the ebooks they have
licensed will not evaporate if netLibrary goes out of business. On October
19, Jay Jordan, President and CEO of OCLC, issued a public statement
intended to have the same reassuring effect. The statement makes clear,
however, that OCLC will provide permanent CD copies of licensed ebooks only
to those libraries that "signed up for perpetual access" in their contracts
with netLibrary.
http://www.oclc.org/news/announcements/netlibrary.shtm

* In the "no comment" section of the last issue I reported on the RIAA's
attempt to amend the anti-terrorist act to free copyright holders from
liability for hacking into private computers and deleting files that
infringe their copyrights. Now the RIAA says that its amendment was
misunderstood and had no such legal effect. At least one lawyer (R. Polk
Wagner of U. Penn. law school) rejects RIAA's new, innocent interpretation
of the language. The dispute is contained in several postings to Declan
McCullagh's Politich announcement list.
http://www.politechbot.com/p-02702.html
http://www.politechbot.com/p-02704.html

* I first wrote about the Security Systems Standards and Certification Act
(SSSCA) in FOSN for 9/14/01. This is DMCA's evil younger brother. It
would prohibit the sale of any computer equipment not equipped with
federally approved security devices, as well removing security devices from
any piece of hardware or from any piece of digital content. The ACM has
already registered its opposition to the SSSCA (see FOSN for
10/5/01). After much internal discussion, an impressive group of major
technology players publicly stood up on October 22 and joined the ACM in
condemning the SSSCA. The new opponents of the bill include Microsoft,
Intel, IBM, Compaq, Dell, and Motorola. On every other issue, when this
gang can agree on what it wants, then it gets what it wants. This time
it's opposed by the copyright holders' lobby led by Walt Disney Corp.

John Borland, Techs Broadside Anti-Piracy Plan
http://www.zdnet.com/zdnn/stories/news/0,4586,5098618,00.html

Many of the critical companies have banded together to form the Computer
Systems Policy Project
http://www.cspp.org/
(The site not up to date.)

Postscript. Disney cartoons have never exactly been politically neutral
(princes should become kings, and kings should rule), but would Disney risk
its position as the trusted purveyor of sentimental blandness by putting a
hard political edge into its entertainment? Decide for yourself. In the
October 19 episode of _The Proud Family_, Penny Proud downloads a music
file from a P2P network and soon finds her house surrounded by police.
http://www.wired.com/news/business/0,1367,47806,00.html

* In FOSN for 8/23/01, I announced the launch of the Chemistry Preprint
Server (CPS) and its plans to become OAI compliant. On October 24 it
announced that it has become OAI compliant.
http://www.chemweb.com/preprint?url=/CPS

* In FOSN for 7/31/01, I described the launch of the History E-Book Project
and its plan to digitize hundreds of historical monographs. The project
has now put online its list of 752 books for which it will seek the
electronic rights. The project is also interested in receiving book
nominations from readers.
http://www.historyebook.org/titlelist.html

* In FOSN for 4/24/01, I covered Eric Eldred's lawsuit to overturn the Sony
Bono Copyright Term Extension Act. The Bono act retroactively adds 20
years to the life of existing copyrights, harming FOS and reader access by
delaying the transition of copyrighted works into the public domain. Under
the Bono act, copyrights now last 95 years. Eldred's challenge to
copyright extension was rejected by both the district and circuit courts in
Washington DC. The last I heard he was considering an appeal to the
Supreme Court (see FOSN for 7/31/01). Now a new group of plaintiffs is
challenging the Bono Act in federal district court in Colorado. Among the
lawyers representing these plaintiffs are Lawrence Lessig, Jonathan
Zittrain, and Charles Nesson. Lessig was also one of Eldred's
lawyers. The hope must be that the District of Colorado will differ from
the DC District that decided against Eldred --and then that the 10th
Circuit, which includes Colorado, will differ from the DC Circuit.

Complaint filed by the new plaintiffs
http://www.law.stanford.edu/library/special/ashcroft-01-B-1854.pdf

Berkman Center page on the Eldred case (good background but not up to date)
http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/eldredvreno/index.html

Opposing Copyright Extension (good background but not up to date)
http://www.law.asu.edu/HomePages/Karjala/OpposingCopyrightExtension/

----------

Catching up (old news I should have discovered earlier)

* I just discovered the Inventory of Canadian Digital Initiatives,
maintained by the National Library of Canada. The collection can be
searched or browsed by name, hosting organization, organization, subject,
province, genre, material type, or project status.
http://www.nlc-bnc.ca/initiatives/erella.htm

* The proceedings of a conference on digital libraries held at the Library
of Congress in October of *1994* are now online. I can't tell you how long
they've been online.
http://lcweb.loc.gov/catdir/semdigdocs/lc.html

* Somehow I missed the September announcement that the Vatican was
commissioning scholars to rewrite the Bible, incorporating details about
the life and times of Jesus Christ gleaned from the Dead Sea
Scrolls. Quoting Martyn Percy, canon doctor at Sheffield
university: "There has never been a settled, definitive version of the
Bible, it has been an evolving book which has gone through many
translations. Only fundamentalists think it came in a fax from
heaven." (PS: The Vatican is courageous for not letting the prospect of
fundamentalist rage deter dynamic scholarship. I suggest putting the new
Bible on the web with version numbers.)
http://books.guardian.co.uk/Print/0,3858,4254177,00.html

----------

Correction

* In FOSN for 10/12/01, I wrote about the new partnership of the California
Digital Library (CDL) and Berkeley Electronic Press (bepress). I gave the
impression that some CDL archives created with bepress tools were OAI
compliant because the bepress tools were supplemented by eprints.org
software. In fact, some early CDL archives were OAI compliant thanks to
eprints.org software, but the significance of CDL's new partnership with
bepress is that CDL is now migrating from eprints.org to bepress tools,
which will create OAI compliant archives and meet other CDL needs as
well. Thanks to John Ober, CDL's Director of Education and Strategic
Innovation, for pointing this out.

----------

Housekeeping

* As you can tell from some of items above, I've created a page of FOS
lists to keep track of certain sites and interesting patterns in the
evolution of FOS. If you can help enlarge or correct any of the lists I've
started, or if you'd like to suggest a new one, please let me know.
http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/lists.htm

* With this issue our subscription list has passed the 700 mark. My
deepest thanks to all of you who have forwarded copies of the newsletter to
friends or recommended it in your own publications.

----------

Conferences

If you plan to attend one of the following conferences, please share your
observations with us through our discussion forum.

* Copyright Issues in the Electronic Age
http://www.sspnet.org/public/articles/details.cfm?id=181
Waltham, Massachusetts, October 29

* Paperless Publishing: Peer Review, Production, and Publication
http://www.sspnet.org/public/articles/details.cfm?id=181
Washington, D.C., October 30

* The XML Revolution: What Scholarly Publishers Need to know
http://www.sspnet.org/public/articles/details.cfm?id=181
Waltham, Massachusetts, November 1

* Information in a Networked World: Harnessing the Flow
http://www.asis.org/Conferences/AM01/index.html
Washington D.C., November 2-8

* Long Term Archiving of Digital Documents in Physics
http://publish.aps.org/IUPAP/
Lyon, November 5-6

* Electronic Book 2001: Authors, Applications, and Accessibility
http://www.itl.nist.gov/div895/ebook2001/
Washington D.C., November 5-7

* Internet Librarian 2001
http://www.infotoday.com/il2001/
Pasadena, November 6-8

* Content Summit 01: Funding opportunities for European digital content on
global networks
http://www.contentsummit.com/
Zurich, November 7-9

* Setting Standards and Making it Real (on Digital Reference Services)
http://vrd.org/conferences/VRD2001/program.shtml
Orlando, November 12-13

* First Annual Meeting of the Text Encoding Initiative Consortium
http://www.tei-c.org/Publicity/pisa.html
Pisa, November 16-17

* NINCY Town Meeting: Copyright and Fair use: Creating Policy
http://darkwing.uoregon.edu/~jqj/ninch/
Eugene, November 19

* ARL Workshop for Publishers: Licensing Electronic Resources to
Libraries: Understanding Your Market
http://www.arl.org/scomm/licensing/pworkshop.html
Philadelphia, November 19

* Eighth Call for Proposals of the European IST Programme
http://www.ukishelp.co.uk/ukishelp/SI12254ku/system/Viewfull.cfm?ObjectID=318&Order=Current
London, November 27

* European Forum on Harmful and Illegal Cyber Content
http://www.humanrights.coe.int/media/cyberforum/main.htm
Strasbourg, November 28

* eGovernment [in Europe]: From Policy to Practice
http://europa.eu.int/information_society/eeurope/egovconf/index_en.htm
Brussels, November 29-30

* Digital Media Revolution in the Americas
http://www.iamericas.org/events/eventlist.html
Pasadena, November 29 - December 1

* Fourth SCHEMAS Workshop: Sharing [metadata] schemas
http://www.schemas-forum.org/workshops/
The Hague, November 30

* 2001 IST Exhibition and Awards
http://europa.eu.int/information_society/newsroom/istevent/programme/index_en.htm
Düsseldorf, December 3

* School for Scanning: Creating, Managing, and Preserving Digital Assets
http://www.nedcc.org/sfsfl1.htm
Delray Beach, Florida, December 3-5

* Online Information 2001
http://www.online-information.co.uk/online/
London, December 4-6

* The Electronic Library: Strategic, Policy and Management Issues
http://www.britishcouncil.org/networkevents/2000/0134p.htm
Loughborough, December 9-14

* 4th International Conference of Asian Digital Libraries
http://www.icadl2001.org/
Bangalore, December 10-12

----------

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Copyright (c) 2001, Peter Suber
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     Welcome to the Free Online Scholarship (FOS)
Newsletter<br>
     October 26, 2001<br><br>
<br>
More follow-up on the _Machine Learning_ resignations<br><br>
* Andrea Foster has a good article about the resignations in the October
18 _Chronicle of Higher Education_.<br>
<a href="http://chronicle.com/free/2001/10/2001101801t.htm" eudora="autourl">http://chronicle.com/free/2001/10/2001101801t.htm</a><br><br>
* Robin Peek tells the story for _InfoToday_, October 22.<br>
<a href="http://www.infotoday.com/newsbreaks/nb011022-3.htm" eudora="autourl">http://www.infotoday.com/newsbreaks/nb011022-3.htm</a><br><br>
* Tom Kirk, Head Librarian at Earlham College, wrote with another
specimen for the collection of editorial resignations.  In 1998 most
of the editorial board of the _Journal of Academic Librarianship_
resigned to protest the large hike in the subscription price imposed by
Pergamon-Elsevier after it bought the journal from JAI Press. 
Several of the editors who resigned then created _Portal:  Libraries
and the Academy_ at Johns Hopkins University Press.  In the first
issue of _Portal_ Gloriana St. Clair published a statement explaining why
she and her co-founders thought it necessary to create an affordable
competitor to JAL.  Unfortunately, like other Portal articles, her
statement is part of Project MUSE and not available online for
free.  <br><br>
I've written to _Portal_ for more details and may have them to report in
the next issue.<br><br>
Gloriana St. Clair, statement in _Portal_ 1.1 on the need for
_Portal_<br>
<a href="http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/portal_libraries_and_the_academy/v001/1.1st_clair.html" eudora="autourl">http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/portal_libraries_and_the_academy/v001/1.1st_clair.html</a>
<br>
(Accessible only to paid MUSE subscribers.)<br><br>
[old journal] Journal of Academic Librarianship<br>
<a href="http://www.suffolk.edu/admin/sawlib/jal/jalhomep.htm" eudora="autourl">http://www.suffolk.edu/admin/sawlib/jal/jalhomep.htm</a><br>
(This link is dead.  Does anyone know a more current one?)<br><br>
[new journal] Portal:  Libraries and the Academy<br>
<a href="http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/pla/" eudora="autourl">http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/pla/</a><br><br>
Johns Hopkins press release about launch of _Portal_<br>
<a href="http://www.press.jhu.edu/press/journals/informat/portal.html" eudora="autourl">http://www.press.jhu.edu/press/journals/informat/portal.html</a><br><br>
Steve McKinzie and Jocelyn Godolphin, two opinions on the _Journal of Academic Librarianship_ case<br>
<a href="http://libres.curtin.edu.au/libres11n1/smjg.htm" eudora="autourl">http://libres.curtin.edu.au/libres11n1/smjg.htm</a><br><br>
* If you're keeping track, we now have five specimens in our collection.  To review them all, see the new page of FOS lists.  <br>
<a href="http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/lists.htm#declarations" eudora="autourl">http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/lists.htm#declarations</a><br>
(Generating this list would have been nearly impossible without an informed readership.  It's a perfect example of collaborative knowledge building through networked communication.)<br><br>
----------<br><br>
Wikipedia<br><br>
A wiki is a web site integrated with software that allows every visitor to edit the site.  Wikipedia is a wiki encyclopedia.  This is the ultimate development in dynamic, interactive, collaborative scholarship, if you can call anything scholarship that dispenses with editorial filters in the name of user freedom.  Yes, entries are written and revised by users, as they see fit.  Launched last January, it already has over 14,000 articles.  The original Wikipedia is in English, although 17 non-English Wikipedias are now evolving alongside it. <br><br>
When it works the way it should, as it generally does, then short articles are lengthened, mistakes are corrected, vagueness is clarified, and omissions are filled by the continuous and parallel labors of the reading/writing/visiting community.  Of course revisions are not always improvements; they can add falsehood, delete truth, or muddy clear language.  This is well-known, but the experience of the founders is that the Wikipedia is overwhelmingly self-correcting.  <br><br>
Because all contributions can be revised or thoroughly rewritten by others, they are anonymous.  This means you can't use the author's reputation and credentials as a surrogate for peer review.<br><br>
So why should you trust unsigned articles that might have been written by idiots and revised by morons?  The creators have introduced many features whose tendency is to insure that ignorant, incorrect, illiterate, and mischievous contributions --and deletions-- are caught early and either corrected or undone.  For example, only Wikipedia administrators can totally or permanently delete pages.  Other deletions are kept for two weeks in a "kept pages" archive where any other user can find and restore them.  After mischievous contributors are identified they can be blocked by administrators.  Recent changes are collected on a special page for special scrutiny.  Soon administrators will have the power to undo all changes from a particular user or particular IP address.  The entire Wikipedia is frequently backed up, allowing administrators to restore any entry mangled by users.  Administrators are considering several proposals for retroactive peer review.<br><br>
Because visitors may add or revise articles with no approval from anyone, there is no formal peer review in the traditional sense at all.  But Wikipedia is not so much an experiment in scholarship without peer review as it is an experiment in communal peer review.  Every volunteer is an editor.  <br><br>
If you find it hard to believe that such a system could produce reliable scholarship, even after some time for the forces of self-correction to have their effect against the forces of ideology, dogmatism, and slovenly thinking, then the founders reply that the experience of the system to date may surprise you.  Or as Lars Aronsson wrote in a recent posting to DigLib, "Those who want to study how unpaid volunteers can self-organize and work together to create a collection of [14,000+] interlinked articles in less than a year, should take a look at Wikipedia right now.  Next year will be too late --it might be a useful product by then."<br><br>
Wikipedia articles are released under the GNU Free Documentation License, which essentially this invites the public to copy and use them freely, and even to modify them with the proviso that all modified versions carry the same license. <br><br>
Wikipedia began life as a supplement to Nupedia, a more traditional online encyclopedia with rigorous peer review.  But it has now spun off from Nupedia and stands alone.  It is committed to remaining free for readers.  After it gets off the ground, it may generate revenue through ads and pay its administrators from the revenue. <br><br>
Thanks to Larry Sanger, co-founder of Wikipedia and editor in chief of Nupedia, for some of these details. <br><br>
Wikipedia<br>
<a href="http://www.wikipedia.com/" eudora="autourl">http://www.wikipedia.com/</a><br><br>
Replies to those who worry about quality<br>
<a href="http://www.wikipedia.com/wiki/Wikipedia/Our_Replies_to_Our_Critics" eudora="autourl">http://www.wikipedia.com/wiki/Wikipedia/Our_Replies_to_Our_Critics</a><br><br>
Proposals for retroactive peer review<br>
<a href="http://www.wikipedia.com/wiki/Wikipedia_approval_mechanism" eudora="autourl">http://www.wikipedia.com/wiki/Wikipedia_approval_mechanism</a><br><br>
Non-English Wikipedias<br>
<a href="http://www.wikipedia.com/wiki.fcgi?Non-English_Wikipedias" eudora="autourl">http://www.wikipedia.com/wiki.fcgi?Non-English_Wikipedias</a><br><br>
GNU Free Documentation License<br>
<a href="http://www.wikipedia.com/wiki/GNU_Free_Documentation_License" eudora="autourl">http://www.wikipedia.com/wiki/GNU_Free_Documentation_License</a><br><br>
Nupedia<br>
<a href="http://www.nupedia.com/" eudora="autourl">http://www.nupedia.com/</a><br><br>
----------<br><br>
What are learned societies saying?  <br><br>
In FOSN for 8/16/01, I offered to make a web page collecting the policy statements on FOS issues made by learned societies and professional associations --if only you would send me the URLs of the statements in your field or known to you.  So far nobody has taken me up on the offer.  I have these two statements so far.  Do you know of others?  I'll include statements by learned societies in any discipline and any country.<br><br>
American Psychological Association<br>
<a href="http://www.apa.org/journals/posting.html" eudora="autourl">http://www.apa.org/journals/posting.html</a><br><br>
American Physical Society<br>
<a href="ftp://aps.org/pub/jrnls/copy_trnsfr.asc" eudora="autourl">ftp://aps.org/pub/jrnls/copy_trnsfr.asc</a><br><br>
* Postscript.  I've add this list to the new page of FOS lists.  If the list grows, you can watch it grow there.<br>
<a href="http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/lists.htm#statements" eudora="autourl">http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/lists.htm#statements</a><br><br>
----------<br><br>
Developments<br><br>
* On October 25 Congress passed the huge USA Act to fight terrorism, and President Bush will sign it today.  The new law gives police and intelligence agencies vastly increased surveillance powers.  Civil libertarians are supposed to be mollified by a four-year sunset clause on some of the provisions.  However, here are some of the FOS-endangering provisions *not* covered by the sunset clause.  Section 216:  A state or federal prosecutor can order the FBI's Carnivore eavesdropping system to record what web sites you visit and to whom you send email, without getting a court order.  Section 505:  The FBI can compel an ISP to turn over customer information if it asserts that the information is relevant to a counter-terrorism investigation, and again no court order is required.  Section 808:  The crimes that count as acts of terrorism include forms of harmful "communication" and "assistance" that are difficult to separate from the publication of true and useful information (see FOSN for 9/28/01).<br><br>
Declan McCullagh, Terror Act Has Lasting Effects <br>
<a href="http://www.wired.com/news/conflict/0,2100,47901,00.html" eudora="autourl">http://www.wired.com/news/conflict/0,2100,47901,00.html</a><br><br>
Previously defined computer crimes now classified as acts of terrorism<br>
<a href="http://www4.law.cornell.edu/uscode/18/1030.html" eudora="autourl">http://www4.law.cornell.edu/uscode/18/1030.html</a><br><br>
* The Library of Congress closed on October 18 for anthrax testing.  It reopened today, after all tests came back negative.  The web site, of course, was unaffected. <br>
<a href="http://www.loc.gov/today/pr/2001/01-162.html" eudora="autourl">http://www.loc.gov/today/pr/2001/01-162.html</a><br><br>
* A programmer who goes by the name "Beale Screamer" (think _Network_ starring Peter Finch) has broken version 2 of Microsoft's digital rights management software.  Microsoft confirms Screamer's claim, but insists that the damage to its clients will be slight.  Screamer is distributing a zipped file containing an executable utility for bypassing copy protection.  The file also contains an articulate statement defending the software as a necessary tool to preserve buyers' fair-use rights and the right to copy their content to more than one machine.  The file also contains the source code, so that many hands can revise it in response to Microsoft's foreseeable fix.  The author can be reached through postings to "Beale Screamer" on sci.crypt. <br><br>
Thomas Green, MS digital rights management scheme cracked<br>
<a href="http://www.theregister.co.uk/content/4/22354.html" eudora="autourl">http://www.theregister.co.uk/content/4/22354.html</a><br><br>
John Borland, Hacker cracks Microsoft anti-piracy software<br>
<a href="http://news.cnet.com/news/0-1005-200-7590303.html?tag=mn_hd" eudora="autourl">http://news.cnet.com/news/0-1005-200-7590303.html?tag=mn_hd</a><br><br>
Steven Bonisteel, DMCA Protester Cracks Microsoft's Copyright Protection Code<br>
<a href="http://www.newsbytes.com/news/01/171331.html" eudora="autourl">http://www.newsbytes.com/news/01/171331.html</a><br><br>
Amy Harmon, Programmer Exposes Microsoft Flaws<br>
<a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2001/10/23/technology/23PIRA.html?todaysheadlines" eudora="autourl">http://www.nytimes.com/2001/10/23/technology/23PIRA.html?todaysheadlines</a><br><br>
Anon., Microsoft Explores Legal Options Against Hacker<br>
<a href="http://www.siliconvalley.com/docs/news/svfront/014636.htm" eudora="autourl">http://www.siliconvalley.com/docs/news/svfront/014636.htm</a><br><br>
Beale Screamer's zipped file<br>
<a href="http://www.theregister.co.uk/media/657.zip" eudora="autourl">http://www.theregister.co.uk/media/657.zip</a><br><br>
* First Microsoft urged New Zealand to revise its copyright laws to crack down on pirates.  In response, the Electronic Frontier Foundation urged New Zealand not to repeat the mistake made by the United States in adopting the DMCA.<br><br>
Story on Microsoft<br>
<a href="http://www.nzherald.co.nz/storydisplay.cfm?storyID=223986&;thesection=technology&thesubsection=general" eudora="autourl">http://www.nzherald.co.nz/storydisplay.cfm?storyID=223986&thesection=technology&thesubsection=general</a><br><br>
Story on EFF<br>
<a href="http://www.newsbytes.com/news/01/171435.html" eudora="autourl">http://www.newsbytes.com/news/01/171435.html</a><br><br>
* During November and December, Sage will provide free online access to over 250 of its electronic journals, including the back issues to 1999.  (PS:  But then they become unfree again.  Is this about opening access to help research or giving free samples to build sales?)<br>
<a href="http://www.sagepub.co.uk/freeaccess/" eudora="autourl">http://www.sagepub.co.uk/freeaccess/</a><br><br>
* The University Press of Virginia has received a grant from the Mellon Foundation to create a peer-reviewed electronic publishing program in the humanities.  The press release says nothing about free online access to the results, but it makes this welcome promise:  "Staff will experiment with and document a variety of cost-recovery business models for electronic publishing in consultation with faculty experts in the Darden Graduate School of Business Administration."  The program will be directed by Mick<br>
Gusinde-Duffy, past director of publishing at netLibrary. <br>
<a href="http://www.upress.virginia.edu/news.html" eudora="autourl">http://www.upress.virginia.edu/news.html</a><br>
(This URL will soon point to different news.)<br><br>
* The NSF has awarded Cornell University a $1.56 million grant to develop software to collect scientific information from hundreds of sites across the internet, organize it, and make it accessible to users through a unified front end.  The software will mine OAI archives and "deep web" sites inaccessible to most other search engines.  The NSF calls this the Core System for the National Science Digital Library.  (PS:  The heavy reliance on government funding suggests that the final product will be free for users, but I haven't seen this stated explicitly anywhere.  Does anyone know how this stands?)<br>
<a href="http://www.newswise.com/articles/2001/10/NSDLCOR.CNS.html" eudora="autourl">http://www.newswise.com/articles/2001/10/NSDLCOR.CNS.html</a><br><br>
* The FBI has plans to restructure the internet to force all traffic through certain nodes in order to facilitate email eavesdropping.  FBI spokesman Paul Bresson says he never heard of the plan.  But the source of the story is no paranoid:  Stewart Baker, deputy general counsel to the National Security Agency under George Bush I and Bill Clinton.  (PS:  The packet-switching architecture of the internet allows traffic to flow around any node that might be down for some reason, which makes the internet robust in the face of node failures caused e.g. by rolling blackouts or bombed cities.  This FBI plan would negate this ingenious technology and make the internet much more vulnerable to attack than it is now.  Is this really what "national security" requires?)<br>
<a href="http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,37203,00.html" eudora="autourl">http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,37203,00.html</a><br><br>
* The International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) and the International Publishers Association (IPA) have agreed on four principles on copyright in electronic environments, and issued a joint press release to describe them.<br>
<a href="http://www.ifla.org/V/press/ifla-ipa.htm" eudora="autourl">http://www.ifla.org/V/press/ifla-ipa.htm</a><br><br>
* Incredibly, MedLine is 30 years old this month.  In internet years that's more like 210.  It was created in 1971, before the internet and before the personal computer.  At first it was disseminated by teletype.  It became free for users in 1997.<br>
<a href="http://www.nih.gov/news/pr/oct2001/nlm-24.htm" eudora="autourl">http://www.nih.gov/news/pr/oct2001/nlm-24.htm</a><br><br>
----------<br><br>
New on the net<br><br>
* On October 24, the Internet Archive launched the Wayback Machine, perhaps the largest free archive online.  It contains 10 billion web pages from 1996 to the present, totalling over 100 terabytes of information.  Enter a URL and you'll be given a table of the archive's versions of that page.  Click on a version and look into the past.  (PS:  Another reason why it's short-sighted to remove valid science from web sites in order to keep it from terrorists --see FOSN for 10/5 and 10/12/01.)<br>
<a href="http://web.archive.org/" eudora="autourl">http://web.archive.org/</a><br><br>
* _Nature_ is devoting an issue to anthrax and is giving the public free online access to each article.  <br>
<a href="http://www.nature.com/nature/anthrax/" eudora="autourl">http://www.nature.com/nature/anthrax/</a><br><br>
* For more free online information on anthrax and other bio-warfare agents, see the list of sources compiled by St. Louis University's Center for the Study of Bioterrorism and Emerging Infections.<br>
<a href="http://bioterrorism.slu.edu/internet.htm" eudora="autourl">http://bioterrorism.slu.edu/internet.htm</a><br>
Or the list complied by Anick Jesdanun for the Washington Post.<br>
<a href="http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A40732-2001Oct23.html" eudora="autourl">http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A40732-2001Oct23.html</a><br><br>
* Bernie Sloan has put online a bibliography of e-resource pricing models and consortial issues.  If this is of interest, then also see the LibLicense annotated bibliography on similar topics, from Ann Okerson and the Yale University Library.<br>
<a href="http://www.lis.uiuc.edu/~b-sloan/issues.htm" eudora="autourl">http://www.lis.uiuc.edu/~b-sloan/issues.htm</a><br>
<a href="http://www.library.yale.edu/~llicense/bibliogr.shtml" eudora="autourl">http://www.library.yale.edu/~llicense/bibliogr.shtml</a><br><br>
* Version 39 of Charles W. Bailey's Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography is now online.  It contains citations to 1,450+ print and online sources.<br>
<a href="http://info.lib.uh.edu/sepb/sepb.html" eudora="autourl">http://info.lib.uh.edu/sepb/sepb.html</a><br><br>
* The Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) is maintaining a list of web sites shut down by national governments or ISPs, asked to remove content, or removing their own content, in the name of counter-terrorism and patriotism.  The result is not quite an archive of censored information, since the information itself is missing.  It's a cenotaph of censored information.<br>
<a href="http://www.eff.org/Privacy/Surveillance/Terrorism_militias/antiterrorism_chill.html" eudora="autourl">http://www.eff.org/Privacy/Surveillance/Terrorism_militias/antiterrorism_chill.html</a><br><br>
----------<br><br>
In other publications<br><br>
* In the October 29 _Newsweek_, Jay Mathews profiles Questia and its founder, Troy Williams.  By contrasting Questia with failed dot-coms, Mathews makes Williams look like a genius.  (PS:  The question shouldn't be whether he effectively markets texts to college students but why students should pay $20/month for texts they can find for free either on the net or in their university libraries.  Is it really for online highlighting and bibliographic citation generators?)<br><br>
Jay Mathews, Doing Good, Doing Well<br>
<a href="http://www.msnbc.com/news/645125.asp" eudora="autourl">http://www.msnbc.com/news/645125.asp</a><br><br>
Questia home page <br>
<font color="#0000FF"><u><a href="http://www.questia.com/Index.jsp" eudora="autourl">http://www.questia.com/Index.jsp<br><br>
</a></u></font>* In the October 26 _Chronicle of Higher Education_ Elizabeth Farrell and Florence Olsen report on a movement challenging universities to provide decent wages and working conditions, and the right to organize, to the third-world workers who do the bulk of their large digitization projects.  <br>
<a href="http://chronicle.com/free/v48/i09/09a03501.htm" eudora="autourl">http://chronicle.com/free/v48/i09/09a03501.htm</a><br><br>
* In an October 18 posting to the _Nature_ FOS debate, Carol Tenopir and Donald King summarize their research on the use and costs of scientific journals from 1960 to 2000.  They point out but do not fully explain the "paradox" that print journal prices have risen faster than inflation while publishing costs per page, costs per author, and costs per reading have all declined.  One conclusion:  "Much of the current ill will stems from ignorance —-librarians and scientists do not understand the causes of rising journal prices, and publishers...are afraid of becoming obsolete if readers have access to articles without paying for them." <br>
<a href="http://www.nature.com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/tenopir.html" eudora="autourl">http://www.nature.com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/tenopir.html</a><br><br>
* In another October 18 posting to the _Nature_ debate, David Worlock argues that the nature of scholarship is changing faster than publishers, scholars, and libraries can finish fighting their old battles.  Technologies like DOIs and CrossRef show unprecedented collaboration between publishers and researchers, and the OAI will transform article storage and searching.  At the same time, the Semantic Web is changing the unit of scholarship from the text article to the knowledge-structure.<br>
<a href="http://www.nature.com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/worlock.html" eudora="autourl">http://www.nature.com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/worlock.html</a><br><br>
* In the October 15 _Library Journal_, Roy Tennant surveys a variety of cross-database search technologies and describes the concept for newcomers.  <br>
<a href="http://libraryjournal.reviewsnews.com/index.asp?layout=article&;articleid=CA170458" eudora="autourl">http://libraryjournal.reviewsnews.com/index.asp?layout=article&articleid=CA170458</a><br>
(Free registration required.)<br><br>
* In the October issue of _Haematologica_, Moreno Curti and three co-authors report on their longitudinal study of biomedical journals from 1995 to 2000.  During this period, 85% of the journals studied added some kind of free online content.  During the same period, the median impact factor for the set of journals studied showed a statistically significant rise.  The association between higher impact factors and free online content was also statistically significant. <br>
<a href="http://www.haematologica.it/full/pdf/2001_10/861015.pdf" eudora="autourl">http://www.haematologica.it/full/pdf/2001_10/861015.pdf</a><br><br>
* The European Bureau of Library, Information and Documentation Associations (EBLIDA) has just put online the second edition of its handbook on licensing digital resources.  This is the first revision of the handbook since 1998. <br>
<a href="http://www.eblida.org/ecup/docs/licensing.pdf" eudora="autourl">http://www.eblida.org/ecup/docs/licensing.pdf</a><br><br>
* In the August/September issue of the _Bulletin of the American Society for Information Science and Technology_, Petros Demilew argues that electronic document delivery systems are necessary for research and education in Ethiopia, and offers 14 recommendations to bring them about.  The recommendations address people issues like incentive and coordination much more than technical issues like infrastructure. <br>
<a href="http://www.asis.org/Bulletin/Aug-01/demilew.html" eudora="autourl">http://www.asis.org/Bulletin/Aug-01/demilew.html</a><br><br>
* In July, Steve Hitchcock and Wendy Hall argue that two steps are needed to connect journal articles stored in open archives:  (1) "decoupling journal content from [the] publishing process" and (2) "defragmentation of the control of access to works at the article level".  They describe _Perspectives in Electronic Publishing_, which Hitchcock conceived and edits, as satisfying these conditions.  Their paper was originally presented at the ICCC/IFIP 5th Conference on Electronic Publishing at the University of Kent.<br><br>
Hitchcock and Hall, How Dynamic E-Journals can Interconnect Open Access Archives<br>
<a href="http://www.bib.ecs.soton.ac.uk/data/6878/html/elpub01-online.html" eudora="autourl">http://www.bib.ecs.soton.ac.uk/data/6878/html/elpub01-online.html</a><br><br>
Perspectives in Electronic Publishing<br>
<a href="http://aims.ecs.soton.ac.uk/pep.nsf" eudora="autourl">http://aims.ecs.soton.ac.uk/pep.nsf</a><br><br>
----------<br><br>
Share your thoughts<br><br>
* The ACM is seeking nominations for the biennial Eugene Lawler Award for Humanitarian Contributions within Computer Science and Informatics.  Among the contributions that might earn someone this award are "creative research concerning intellectual property issues" and "application of computers or computing techniques to problems of developing countries".  The ACM will accept nominations until November 30.<br>
<a href="http://www.acm.org/awards/lawlaward.html" eudora="autourl">http://www.acm.org/awards/lawlaward.html</a><br><br>
----------<br><br>
Following up<br><br>
* In the last issue I mentioned Amazon's new "Look Inside" feature which lets users read sample pages of selected books before deciding whether to buy, and compared this to the National Academy Press policy to make all the pages of all its print books freely accessible online.  Compare both to RealRead, a web-based page-sampling service that publishers or self-publishing authors may offer from their own sites.  If a publisher has made all or part of one of its books RealRead-able, then users may click on a link to launch an applet to display those pages and let the user flip through them.  The pages are in full color, with text and images well-rendered.  Turning a page is a fairly realistic animation of a turning page.  Publishers still decide how much of the book to make accessible in this way, but needn't write, buy, or maintain their own software to create the interface with web users.<br><br>
RealRead<br>
<a href="http://www.realread.com/" eudora="autourl">http://www.realread.com/</a><br>
(Thanks to Sam Vaknin for bringing this to my attention.)<br><br>
RealRead demo, Jacquelyn Black's _Microbiology_, 5th edition<br>
<a href="http://www.realread.com/open-demo/browse.cgi?book=0471387290" eudora="autourl">http://www.realread.com/open-demo/browse.cgi?book=0471387290</a><br><br>
* In the last issue I described the netLibrary agreement with OCLC, designed to reassure netLibrary customers that the ebooks they have licensed will not evaporate if netLibrary goes out of business.  On October 19, Jay Jordan, President and CEO of OCLC, issued a public statement intended to have the same reassuring effect.  The statement makes clear, however, that OCLC will provide permanent CD copies of licensed ebooks only to those libraries that "signed up for perpetual access" in their contracts with netLibrary.<br>
<a href="http://www.oclc.org/news/announcements/netlibrary.shtm" eudora="autourl">http://www.oclc.org/news/announcements/netlibrary.shtm</a><br><br>
* In the "no comment" section of the last issue I reported on the RIAA's attempt to amend the anti-terrorist act to free copyright holders from liability for hacking into private computers and deleting files that infringe their copyrights.  Now the RIAA says that its amendment was misunderstood and had no such legal effect.  At least one lawyer (R. Polk Wagner of U. Penn. law school) rejects RIAA's new, innocent interpretation of the language.  The dispute is contained in several postings to Declan McCullagh's Politich announcement list.<br>
<a href="http://www.politechbot.com/p-02702.html" eudora="autourl">http://www.politechbot.com/p-02702.html</a><br>
<a href="http://www.politechbot.com/p-02704.html" eudora="autourl">http://www.politechbot.com/p-02704.html</a><br><br>
* I first wrote about the Security Systems Standards and Certification Act (SSSCA) in FOSN for 9/14/01.  This is DMCA's evil younger brother.  It would prohibit the sale of any computer equipment not equipped with federally approved security devices, as well removing security devices from any piece of hardware or from any piece of digital content.  The ACM has already registered its opposition to the SSSCA (see FOSN for 10/5/01).  After much internal discussion, an impressive group of major technology players publicly stood up on October 22 and joined the ACM in condemning the SSSCA.  The new opponents of the bill include Microsoft, Intel, IBM, Compaq, Dell, and Motorola.  On every other issue, when this gang can agree on what it wants, then it gets what it wants.  This time it's opposed by the copyright holders' lobby led by Walt Disney Corp.<br><br>
John Borland, Techs Broadside Anti-Piracy Plan<br>
<a href="http://www.zdnet.com/zdnn/stories/news/0,4586,5098618,00.html" eudora="autourl">http://www.zdnet.com/zdnn/stories/news/0,4586,5098618,00.html</a><br><br>
Many of the critical companies have banded together to form the Computer Systems Policy Project<br>
<a href="http://www.cspp.org/" eudora="autourl">http://www.cspp.org/</a><br>
(The site not up to date.)<br><br>
Postscript.  Disney cartoons have never exactly been politically neutral (princes should become kings, and kings should rule), but would Disney risk its position as the trusted purveyor of sentimental blandness by putting a hard political edge into its entertainment?  Decide for yourself.  In the October 19 episode of _The Proud Family_, Penny Proud downloads a music file from a P2P network and soon finds her house surrounded by police.<br>
<a href="http://www.wired.com/news/business/0,1367,47806,00.html" eudora="autourl">http://www.wired.com/news/business/0,1367,47806,00.html</a><br><br>
* In FOSN for 8/23/01, I announced the launch of the Chemistry Preprint Server (CPS) and its plans to become OAI compliant.  On October 24 it announced that it has become OAI compliant.<br>
<a href="http://www.chemweb.com/preprint?url=/CPS" eudora="autourl">http://www.chemweb.com/preprint?url=/CPS</a><br><br>
* In FOSN for 7/31/01, I described the launch of the History E-Book Project and its plan to digitize hundreds of historical monographs.  The project has now put online its list of 752 books for which it will seek the electronic rights.  The project is also interested in receiving book nominations from readers. <br>
<a href="http://www.historyebook.org/titlelist.html" eudora="autourl">http://www.historyebook.org/titlelist.html</a><br><br>
* In FOSN for 4/24/01, I covered Eric Eldred's lawsuit to overturn the Sony Bono Copyright Term Extension Act.  The Bono act retroactively adds 20 years to the life of existing copyrights, harming FOS and reader access by delaying the transition of copyrighted works into the public domain.  Under the Bono act, copyrights now last 95 years.  Eldred's challenge to copyright extension was rejected by both the district and circuit courts in Washington DC.  The last I heard he was considering an appeal to the Supreme Court (see FOSN for 7/31/01).  Now a new group of plaintiffs is challenging the Bono Act in federal district court in Colorado.  Among the lawyers representing these plaintiffs are Lawrence Lessig, Jonathan Zittrain, and Charles Nesson.  Lessig was also one of Eldred's lawyers.  The hope must be that the District of Colorado will differ from the DC District that decided against Eldred --and then that the 10th Circuit, which includes Colorado, will differ from the DC Circuit. <br><br>
Complaint filed by the new plaintiffs<br>
<a href="http://www.law.stanford.edu/library/special/ashcroft-01-B-1854.pdf" eudora="autourl">http://www.law.stanford.edu/library/special/ashcroft-01-B-1854.pdf</a><br><br>
Berkman Center page on the Eldred case (good background but not up to date)<br>
<a href="http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/eldredvreno/index.html" eudora="autourl">http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/eldredvreno/index.html</a><br><br>
Opposing Copyright Extension (good background but not up to date)<br>
<a href="http://www.law.asu.edu/HomePages/Karjala/OpposingCopyrightExtension/" eudora="autourl">http://www.law.asu.edu/HomePages/Karjala/OpposingCopyrightExtension/</a><br><br>
----------<br><br>
Catching up (old news I should have discovered earlier)<br><br>
* I just discovered the Inventory of Canadian Digital Initiatives, maintained by the National Library of Canada.  The collection can be searched or browsed by name, hosting organization, organization, subject, province, genre, material type, or project status. <br>
<a href="http://www.nlc-bnc.ca/initiatives/erella.htm" eudora="autourl">http://www.nlc-bnc.ca/initiatives/erella.htm</a><br><br>
* The proceedings of a conference on digital libraries held at the Library of Congress in October of *1994* are now online.  I can't tell you how long they've been online.  <br>
<a href="http://lcweb.loc.gov/catdir/semdigdocs/lc.html" eudora="autourl">http://lcweb.loc.gov/catdir/semdigdocs/lc.html</a><br><br>
* Somehow I missed the September announcement that the Vatican was commissioning scholars to rewrite the Bible, incorporating details about the life and times of Jesus Christ gleaned from the Dead Sea Scrolls.  Quoting Martyn Percy, canon doctor at Sheffield university:  "There has never been a settled, definitive version of the Bible, it has been an evolving book which has gone through many translations.  Only fundamentalists think it came in a fax from heaven."  (PS:  The Vatican is courageous for not letting the prospect of fundamentalist rage deter dynamic scholarship.  I suggest putting the new Bible on the web with version numbers.) <br>
<a href="http://books.guardian.co.uk/Print/0,3858,4254177,00.html" eudora="autourl">http://books.guardian.co.uk/Print/0,3858,4254177,00.html</a><br><br>
----------<br><br>
Correction<br><br>
* In FOSN for 10/12/01, I wrote about the new partnership of the California Digital Library (CDL) and Berkeley Electronic Press (bepress).  I gave the impression that some CDL archives created with bepress tools were OAI compliant because the bepress tools were supplemented by eprints.org software.  In fact, some early CDL archives were OAI compliant thanks to eprints.org software, but the significance of CDL's new partnership with bepress is that CDL is now migrating from eprints.org to bepress tools, which will create OAI compliant archives and meet other CDL needs as well.  Thanks to John Ober, CDL's Director of Education and Strategic Innovation, for pointing this out.<br><br>
----------<br><br>
Housekeeping<br><br>
* As you can tell from some of items above, I've created a page of FOS lists to keep track of certain sites and interesting patterns in the evolution of FOS.  If you can help enlarge or correct any of the lists I've started, or if you'd like to suggest a new one, please let me know.<br>
<a href="http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/lists.htm" eudora="autourl">http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/lists.htm</a><br><br>
* With this issue our subscription list has passed the 700 mark.  My deepest thanks to all of you who have forwarded copies of the newsletter to friends or recommended it in your own publications.<br><br>
----------<br><br>
Conferences<br><br>
If you plan to attend one of the following conferences, please share your observations with us through our discussion forum.<br><br>
* Copyright Issues in the Electronic Age<br>
<a href="http://www.sspnet.org/public/articles/details.cfm?id=181" eudora="autourl">http://www.sspnet.org/public/articles/details.cfm?id=181</a><br>
Waltham, Massachusetts, October 29<br><br>
* Paperless Publishing:  Peer Review, Production, and Publication<br>
<a href="http://www.sspnet.org/public/articles/details.cfm?id=181" eudora="autourl">http://www.sspnet.org/public/articles/details.cfm?id=181</a><br>
Washington, D.C., October 30<br><br>
* The XML Revolution:  What Scholarly Publishers Need to know<br>
<a href="http://www.sspnet.org/public/articles/details.cfm?id=181" eudora="autourl">http://www.sspnet.org/public/articles/details.cfm?id=181</a><br>
Waltham, Massachusetts, November 1<br><br>
* Information in a Networked World:  Harnessing the Flow<br>
<a href="http://www.asis.org/Conferences/AM01/index.html" eudora="autourl">http://www.asis.org/Conferences/AM01/index.html</a><br>
Washington D.C., November 2-8<br><br>
* Long Term Archiving of Digital Documents in Physics<br>
<a href="http://publish.aps.org/IUPAP/" eudora="autourl">http://publish.aps.org/IUPAP/</a><br>
Lyon, November 5-6<br><br>
* Electronic Book 2001:  Authors, Applications, and Accessibility<br>
<a href="http://www.itl.nist.gov/div895/ebook2001/" eudora="autourl">http://www.itl.nist.gov/div895/ebook2001/</a><br>
Washington D.C., November 5-7<br><br>
* Internet Librarian 2001<br>
<a href="http://www.infotoday.com/il2001/" eudora="autourl">http://www.infotoday.com/il2001/</a><br>
Pasadena, November 6-8<br><br>
* Content Summit 01:  Funding opportunities for European digital content on global networks<br>
<a href="http://www.contentsummit.com/" eudora="autourl">http://www.contentsummit.com/</a><br>
Zurich, November 7-9<br><br>
* Setting Standards and Making it Real (on Digital Reference Services)<br>
<a href="http://vrd.org/conferences/VRD2001/program.shtml" eudora="autourl">http://vrd.org/conferences/VRD2001/program.shtml</a><br>
Orlando, November 12-13<br><br>
* First Annual Meeting of the Text Encoding Initiative Consortium<br>
<a href="http://www.tei-c.org/Publicity/pisa.html" eudora="autourl">http://www.tei-c.org/Publicity/pisa.html</a><br>
Pisa, November 16-17<br><br>
* NINCY Town Meeting:  Copyright and Fair use:  Creating Policy<br>
<a href="http://darkwing.uoregon.edu/~jqj/ninch/" eudora="autourl">http://darkwing.uoregon.edu/~jqj/ninch/</a><br>
Eugene, November 19<br><br>
* ARL Workshop for Publishers:  Licensing Electronic Resources to Libraries:  Understanding Your Market<br>
<a href="http://www.arl.org/scomm/licensing/pworkshop.html" eudora="autourl">http://www.arl.org/scomm/licensing/pworkshop.html</a><br>
Philadelphia, November 19<br><br>
* Eighth Call for Proposals of the European IST Programme<br>
<a href="http://www.ukishelp.co.uk/ukishelp/SI12254ku/system/Viewfull.cfm?ObjectID=318&;Order=Current" eudora="autourl">http://www.ukishelp.co.uk/ukishelp/SI12254ku/system/Viewfull.cfm?ObjectID=318&Order=Current</a><br>
London, November 27<br><br>
* European Forum on Harmful and Illegal Cyber Content<br>
<a href="http://www.humanrights.coe.int/media/cyberforum/main.htm" eudora="autourl">http://www.humanrights.coe.int/media/cyberforum/main.htm</a><br>
Strasbourg, November 28<br><br>
* eGovernment [in Europe]:  From Policy to Practice<br>
<a href="http://europa.eu.int/information_society/eeurope/egovconf/index_en.htm" eudora="autourl">http://europa.eu.int/information_society/eeurope/egovconf/index_en.htm</a><br>
Brussels, November 29-30<br><br>
* Digital Media Revolution in the Americas<br>
<a href="http://www.iamericas.org/events/eventlist.html" eudora="autourl">http://www.iamericas.org/events/eventlist.html</a><br>
Pasadena, November 29 - December 1<br><br>
* Fourth SCHEMAS Workshop:  Sharing [metadata] schemas<br>
<a href="http://www.schemas-forum.org/workshops/" eudora="autourl">http://www.schemas-forum.org/workshops/</a><br>
The Hague, November 30<br><br>
* 2001 IST Exhibition and Awards<br>
<a href="http://europa.eu.int/information_society/newsroom/istevent/programme/index_en.htm" eudora="autourl">http://europa.eu.int/information_society/newsroom/istevent/programme/index_en.htm</a><br>
Düsseldorf, December 3<br><br>
* School for Scanning:  Creating, Managing, and Preserving Digital Assets<br>
<a href="http://www.nedcc.org/sfsfl1.htm" eudora="autourl">http://www.nedcc.org/sfsfl1.htm</a><br>
Delray Beach, Florida, December 3-5<br><br>
* Online Information 2001<br>
<a href="http://www.online-information.co.uk/online/" eudora="autourl">http://www.online-information.co.uk/online/</a><br>
London, December 4-6<br><br>
* The Electronic Library:  Strategic, Policy and Management Issues<br>
<a href="http://www.britishcouncil.org/networkevents/2000/0134p.htm" eudora="autourl">http://www.britishcouncil.org/networkevents/2000/0134p.htm</a><br>
Loughborough, December 9-14<br><br>
* 4th International Conference of Asian Digital Libraries<br>
<a href="http://www.icadl2001.org/" eudora="autourl">http://www.icadl2001.org/</a><br>
Bangalore, December 10-12<br><br>
----------<br><br>
The Free Online Scholarship Newsletter is supported by a grant from the Open Society Institute.<br>
<a href="http://www.soros.org/osi.html" eudora="autourl">http://www.soros.org/osi.html</a><br><br>
==========<br><br>
This is the Free Online Scholarship Newsletter (ISSN 1535-7848).<br><br>
Please feel free to forward any issue of the newsletter to interested colleagues.  If you are reading a forwarded copy of this issue, you may subscribe by signing up at the FOS home page or the FOS Newsletter page. <br><br>
FOS home page, general information, subscriptions, editorial position, feedback form<br>
<a href="http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/index.htm" eudora="autourl">http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/index.htm</a><br><br>
FOS Newsletter, subscriptions, back issues<br>
<a href="http://www.topica.com/lists/suber-fos" eudora="autourl">http://www.topica.com/lists/suber-fos</a><br><br>
FOS Discussion Forum, subscriptions, postings<br>
<a href="http://www.topica.com/lists/fos-forum" eudora="autourl">http://www.topica.com/lists/fos-forum</a><br><br>
Guide to the FOS Movement<br>
<a href="http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/guide.htm" eudora="autourl">http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/guide.htm</a><br><br>
Peter Suber<br>
<a href="http://www.earlham.edu/~peters" eudora="autourl">http://www.earlham.edu/~peters</a><br><br>
Copyright (c) 2001, Peter Suber<br>
<a href="http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/copyrite.htm" eudora="autourl">http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/copyrite.htm</a><br><br>
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