Welcome Guest!
 FOS
 Previous Message All Messages Next Message 
FOS Newsletter, 2/25/02  Peter Suber
 Feb 25, 2002 11:34 PST 
      Welcome to the Free Online Scholarship (FOS) Newsletter
      February 25, 2002


More on the Budapest Open Access Initiative

Since its launch on February 14, the BOAI has attracted participants and
press attention. Over 1,000 individuals and several dozen organizations
have signed on during the last week. It's especially gratifying to see
among the institutional signatories a growing number of journals, library
consortia, and universities. Some of the new names are the Library of
Congress, the Association of Research Libraries, the Canadian Association
of Research Libraries, the University of Pittsburgh, and the Australian
Vice Chancellors Committee.

Remember that you can help the cause by signing the online document,
persuading your institution to sign it, and spreading the word. We've also
written a good-sized list of specific actions that people can take
depending on their position --researchers, librarians, editors, publishers,
or representatives of universities, foundations, professional societies, or
governments.

This week we've also added French and German translations of the BOAI
documents.

BOAI Home page
http://www.soros.org/openaccess/

What you can do to help
http://www.soros.org/openaccess/help.shtml

BOAI FAQ
http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/boaifaq.htm
(The FAQ and the list of ways you can help, above, will remain open to
revision.)

See who has signed
http://www.soros.org/openaccess/view.cfm

Sign it yourself
http://www.soros.org/openaccess/sign.shtml

* Here are some news stories about BOAI that have appeared since the last
issue of FOSN

ALPSP response to the BOAI
http://www.alpsp.org/budapest0202.pdf
(The only criticism I've seen to date.)

Anon., Budapest Open Access Archive Announced (for _LTWorld_)
http://www.sbu.ac.uk/litc/lt/2002/news2251.html

Anon., Moves Made to Give Greater Free Access to Research Results (for
_Cordis News_)
http://dbs.cordis.lu/fep-cgi/srchidadb?ACTION=D&SESSION=3432002-2-16&DOC=1&T

Declan Butler, Soros Offers Access to Science Papers (for _Nature_)
http://www.nature.com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/soros.html
(I listed this piece last week, but at that time I linked to my own copy of
the article. Now _Nature_ has put it where it is accessible to
non-subscribers.)

Denis Delbecq, L'abordage des revues scientifiques (for _Liberation_)
http://www.liberation.com/quotidien/semaine/020214-050019088SCIE.html

Peter Evans, Budapest Open Access Initiatives [sic] Launched (For the UK
_Serials eNews_)
http://www.biblio-tech.com/UKSG/S_PD.cfm?alert=124

Stéphane Foucart, Guerre ouverte contre le monopole des revues
scientifiques (for _Le Monde_)
http://www.lemonde.fr/article/0,5987,3244--263082-,00.html

Alexander Grimwade, Open Societies Need Open Access (for _The Scientist_)
http://www.the-scientist.com/yr2002/feb/comm_020218.html

Jon Gordon, Scholarly Journals on the Net (for _Minnesota Public Radio_)
[Requires RealPlayer]
http://news.mpr.org/programs/futuretense/daily_rafiles/20020218.ram
(This a radio interview of me. I'm happy with all of it except the way it
ends. Gordon closes with the remark that priced journals justify
themselves by their role in providing peer review. Period. I didn't get
to reply. So he leaves the false impression that BOAI doesn't endorse peer
review, doesn't know it costs money, or doesn't have a way to cover the
costs. To see how I would have replied, see the BOAI FAQ on these points,
above.)

Tamsin McMahon, Billionaire Wants Free Web-Based Academic Journals (for
_EuropeMedia.net_)
http://www.europemedia.net/shownews.asp?ArticleID=8448

Richard Poynder, George Soros Gives $3 Million to New Open Access
Initiative (for _Information Today_)
http://www.infotoday.com/newsbreaks/nb020218-1.htm

Sam Vaknin, Copyright and Scholarship (for _UPI_)
Part I, http://www.upi.com/view.cfm?StoryID=15022002-015414-4119r
Part II, http://www.upi.com/view.cfm?StoryID=15022002-020541-2918r
(This is a wide-ranging interview of me on FOS issues in which Vaknin let
me give long answers and his editor didn't cut anything. I thank them
both. BOAI comes up in Part II.)

----------

Introduction to HINARI

HINARI is a major FOS initiative launched by the World Health Organization
(WHO) and the Open Society Institute (OSI) and now administered by WHO with
support from the BMJ and Yale University Library. The name stands for
Health InterNetwork Access to Research Initiative. Under the program, the
world's six largest publishers of biomedical journals have agreed to
three-tiered pricing. For countries in the lowest tier (GNP per capita
below $1k), online subscriptions are free of charge. For countries in the
middle tier (GNP per capita between $1k and $3k), online subscriptions will
be discounted by an amount to be decided this June. Countries in the top
tier pay full price. While HINARI has been on the drawing boards since
last spring, it just started delivering free online content to bottom tier
countries on January 31.

The six participating publishers are Blackwell Synergy, Elsevier Science
Direct, Harcourt IDEAL, Springer Link, Wiley Interscience, and Wolters Kluwer.

The subscriptions are given to universities and research institutions, not
to individuals. But they are identical in scope to the subscriptions
received by institutions paying the full price.

WHO estimates that there are 500 eligible institutions worldwide in the
bottom tier, of which 400 have so far been invited to participate and 100
have already signed up. WHO expects that 200-250 will be signed up by the
end of the year. Progress is slowed chiefly by the lack of connectivity,
or its high cost, in the areas of greatest need. WHO also estimates that
there are 500 eligible institutions in the middle tier, though concentrated
in only half as many countries.

The publishers have signed on for 3-5 years under the current terms. The
program might be affected by changes in technology, publishing,
development, or world events. However, now that a policy framework has
been erected, it seems likely that the publishers will continue the program
as long as it is needed.

In March, more publishers will join the original six. In June, the
participating publishers will announce the discount offered to the middle
tier. By the end of this year, WHO hopes to include all the world's
biomedical journals in the program. Delivery to middle tier countries
should start in January 2003. After that, HINARI might generalize beyond
the biomedical fields.

The origin of HINARI can be traced to many sources. One is Kofi Annan's
Millennium Report and its accompanying UN initiatives to provide
connectivity, content, and training to bridge the digital divide in
developing countries. Another is an April 2000 meeting on FOS policy
sponsored by WHO at which there were speakers from BMJ and OSI. Another is
the editorial for September 30, 2000, by the editors of BioMed Central,
BMJ, and the Lancet (and published simultaneously in all three journals)
recommending free subscriptions to biomedical journals for developing
countries. Another might have been Elsevier CEO Derk Haank's speech at
UNESCO's Paris Headquarters on February 2, 2001, urging fellow journal
publishers to consider tiered pricing with the bottom tier free of charge.

[I thank Barbara Aronson at WHO for sharing information with me by
telephone and email.]

HINARI home page
http://www.healthinternetwork.org/scipub.php

HIN in HINARI is the Health InterNetwork (from WHO)
http://www.healthinternetwork.net

World Health Organization
http://www.who.int/

Open Society Institute
http://www.osi.hu/

BMJ (formerly, British Medical Journal)
http://bmj.com/

WHO Press Release on HINARI, January 31, 2002
http://www.who.int/inf/en/pr-2002-07.html

WHO Press Release on key HINARI breakthrough (publishers' statement of
intent), July 9, 2001
http://www.who.int/inf-pr-2001/en/pr2001-32.html

Publishers' Statement of Intent, July 9, 2001
http://www.who.int/library/reference/temp/Statement_of_intent.pdf

Current list of eligible countries
http://www.who.int/library/reference/temp/Eligible_countries.pdf

Kofi Annan's Millennium Report, April 3, 2000
http://www.un.org/millennium/sg/report/

Fiona Godlee, Richard Horton, Richard Smith, "Global Information
Flow: Publishers Should Provide Information Free to Resource Poor
Countries" (BMJ, 30 (Sept. 30, 2000) pp. 776-77) (Published simultaneously
in BMJ, Lancet, and BioMed Central.)
http://makeashorterlink.com/?T2912416

To contact HINARI (e.g. to volunteer to help), send email to <hinari [at]
who.int>.

----------

Ripeness is all

In the last month, three major FOS initiatives were launched at one week
intervals. On January 31, HINARI began delivering free content to research
institutions in the developing world (story above). On February 6, eight
major research library organizations representing 600 research libraries
worldwide announced the creation of the pro-FOS International Scholarly
Communications Alliance (FOSN for 2/14/02). On February 14, the Budapest
Open Access Initiative began its project to expand self-archiving, create
open-access journals, and recruit foundations beyond the founding Open
Society Institute to help to pay the costs of the transition to open-access
science and scholarship (FOSN for 2/14/02).

During the same period a couple of other large initiatives were announced
for future launch. The Alliance for Cellular Signaling is the largest FOS
experiment yet from _Nature_ (FOSN for 2/14/02). Lawrence Lessig announced
the Creative Commons, an organization that will offer free, flexible
intellectual property licenses that will simultaneously protect authors and
promote open online sharing (FOSN for 2/14/02).

In the previous month, SciDev was launched (FOSN for 1/23/02), BioMed
Central implemented its funding model to cover the costs of free online
access (FOSN for 1/1/02), and the French Académie des Sciences issued a
public statement calling on the European Commission not to apply ordinary
copyright rules to scientific publications whose authors do not demand
payment (FOSN for 2/14/02).

We could consider the recent convergence of FOS initiatives a statistical
fluke. If you wait long enough a coin will come up heads 100 times in a
row. But this view of it ignores recent history, which shows a steadily
growing number of initiatives, experiments, articles, and endorsements of
FOS. This is not so much a fluke as a trajectory that suggests growing
recognition of the desirability and feasibility of FOS.

HINARI
http://www.healthinternetwork.org/scipub.php

International Scholarly Communications Alliance
http://makeashorterlink.com/?A15D6226
(No home page yet, just the press release of its launch.)

Budapest Open Access Initiative
http://www.soros.org/openaccess/

Alliance for Cellular Signaling
http://www.cellularsignaling.org/

The Creative Commons, beta site
http://www.creativecommons.org/

SciDev
http://www.scidev.net/

BioMed Central
http://www.biomedcentral.com/

French Académie des Sciences public statement
http://www-mathdoc.ujf-grenoble.fr/DA/

* Postscript. This week I wrote the first draft of Timeline of the FOS
Movement. I wanted to embed this convergence of FOS initiatives in some
recent history, see the local trajectory and test for randomness. Have a
look. Let me know what you think belongs on such a list.

Timeline of the FOS Movement (first draft)
http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/timeline.htm

----------

Supreme Court to rule on threat to public domain

The Supreme Court announced last week that it will hear the Eric Eldred
case during its coming term. Eldred is challenging the constitutionality
of the Sonny Bono Copyright Term Extension Act of 1998, which retroactively
added 20 years to the life of existing copyrights. (The rule is now that
works created by individuals are protected for the individual's lifetime
plus 70 years, and works created by corporations are protected for 95
years.) Extending the life of copyright delays the transition of
copyrighted works into the public domain. Eldred's interest is that he
maintains a web site of free full-text books in the public domain.

You may not feel a threat to FOS in copyright extension. But think of it
this way. Mark Lemley, a lawyer for the Internet Archive, estimates that
without the Bono copyright extension, 9,853 out-of-print books published in
1930 could be put online with no permissions or royalties in 2005. If the
Bono Act is upheld, free online access to them will be blocked for another
20 years, perhaps longer if Congress extends copyright again in the
future. Further extensions are likely: Congress has extended the term of
copyrights 11 times in the last four decades.

Shrinking the public domain through retroactive copyright extension not
only harms the interests of readers, and the authors of derivative works,
but may violate the constitution's copyright clause, which allows Congress
to create copyrights that protect authors' rights "for limited
times". Eldred will also argue that retroactive copyright extension
violates the First Amendment.

Eldred lost in the lower courts. (See FOSN for 4/24/01, 7/31/01,
1/16/02.) Lawrence Lessig has been his lawyer, and will argue the case
before the Supreme Court. The Bush administration opposes Eldred and will
argue that the public's right to use content is satisfied by fair-use
rights under copyright law and is not harmed by a delayed transition into
the public domain.

The content industry, led by Disney, wants to keep its intellectual
property from entering the public domain for as long as possible, and will
not stop lobbying for further copyright extensions. The copyright on
Mickey Mouse would have expired in 2003, a calamity that many believe the
Bono Act was designed to avert. If true (as I said in a recent interview),
this is a "grotesque inversion of values".

News coverage of the Supreme Court's decision to take the Eldred case
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/02/20/national/20RIGH.html
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/02/19/national/19WIRE-SCOTUS.html
http://chronicle.com/free/2002/02/2002022002t.htm
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A35750-2002Feb19.html
http://www.wired.com/news/politics/0,1283,50527,00.html
http://www.salon.com/tech/feature/2002/02/21/web_copyright/index.html
http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/business/58972_netlibraries20.shtml
http://www.freedomforum.org/templates/document.asp?documentID=15763
http://www.osopinion.com/perl/story/16419.html

Eldred's web collection of full-text books, Eldritch Press
http://www.eldritchpress.org/

Eldred's "Support Online Books" page (includes links to other relevant pages)
http://www.eldritchpress.org/support.html

OpenLaw page on the Eldred case
http://eon.law.harvard.edu/openlaw/eldredvreno
(OpenLaw is to litigation what open source is to software. If you are
qualified, register yourself and join the strategy discussion.)

Zimram Ahmed explains why copyright extension costs everyone
http://www.winterspeak.com/columns/022002.html
(Thanks to Politech.)

Jacob Sullum explains why it is unconstitutional and bad policy to boot
http://reason.com/sullum/022202.shtml
(Thanks to Freedom News Daily.)

Dennis Karjala's page of news and links opposing copyright extension
http://www.law.asu.edu/HomePages/Karjala/OpposingCopyrightExtension/

My discussion of copyright extension (in Part II of Sam Vaknin's interview
with me for UPI)
http://www.upi.com/view.cfm?StoryID=15022002-020541-2918r

* Postscript. Courts rarely face FOS issues directly. The reason is
simply that FOS isn't illegal and no bill or legislation I've ever seen
would outlaw it. But many acts of legislation have the potential to slow
it down, narrow its scope, or close off one of the many avenues it could
pursue. From this point of view, the Eldred case is among the most
important FOS cases yet brought to the Supreme Court, on a par with Tasini
last June.

FOS is entirely compatible with copyright as it is, and does not depend on
the public domain. Therefore, Eldred could go either way and many forms of
FOS would be completely unaffected. But this case matters for FOS because
the public domain is one very important avenue of FOS, even if not the only
one.

Why FOS is compatible with copyright
http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/boaifaq.htm#copyright

Why FOS doesn't need the public domain
http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/boaifaq.htm#publicdomain

----------

Developments

* A recent survey of chemists by DK Associates reveals that their most-used
online source of chemical information is ChemWeb, followed closely by
Google --two free sources. (PS: ChemWeb is owned by Elsevier but
developed by Current Science, the same people who developed BioMed
Central. I'm not surprised that Google is on the short list. I'd bet that
similar surveys in any other discipline would put Google in the top two or
three. This is remarkable since it is not optimized for scholarship and
includes peer-reviewed, unreviewed, and crank writings without
discrimination. However, its sort algorithm doesn't rank them equally. It
uses the network of links as a kind of communal peer review. Even though
the peers in this network are academics and non-academics, the algorithm
still tends to make worthy work rise higher in its sort list than unworthy
work.)
http://www.managinginformation.com/news/content_show_full.php?id=371

* When the free online journals published by SciELO were included in ISI,
their visibility grew quickly. Researchers from Oxford University report
in the January 21 _Nature_, that the average impact factor of the SciELO
journals covered by ISI grew 133.7% since their inclusion. SciELO produces
scientific journals for Brazil, Latin America, and the
Caribbean. (PS: This shows that while open access increases visibility
and impact, recognition by channels already used and respected by scholars
can boost visibility and impact even further. Not a surprise but a
reminder that accessibility is necessary but not sufficient for impact.)
http://www.biblio-tech.com/UKSG/S_PD.cfm?alert=122
(Thanks to Serials eNews.)

* Search Engine Watch has announced its award-winners for
2001. Highlights: Google won for Outstanding Search Service (and four
other awards). Scirus won for Best Specialty Search Engine.
http://www.searchenginewatch.com/awards/2001-winners.html

* The Krazsna-Krausz Moving Image Book Awards were awarded in London on
February 5. The two top prize-winners took home £5,000 each. They were
_Writing Himself into History: Oscar Micheaux, His Silent Films and His
Audiences_ by Perl Bowser and Louise Spece (Rutgers University Press) and
_Special Effects: The History and Technique_ by Richard Rickitt (Virgin
Books and Billboard Books).
http://www.bufvc.ac.uk/news/index.html

* The University of British Columbia is developing an "Education Commons"
to integrate all the free online teaching and learning resources used by
its faculty.
http://www.pkp.ubc.ca/publications/pilot.html

* A journal that often carried FOS-related articles, _The Future of Print
Media_, has died.
http://www.futureprint.kent.edu/about.htm
(Thanks to Walt Crawford.)

* CrossRef and SFX are now fully integrated. This means that at sites
using both technologies, the reference links provided by CrossRef will take
the user's licenses into account as determined by SFX.
http://www.exlibris-usa.com/news1.asp?categoryId=134&admin=

* Douglas Rushkoff has found a print publisher for _Exit Strategy_, his
"open source" novel. The book was published online last July so that
readers could enlarge it with their own footnotes (FOSN for
11/26/01). Soft Skull Press will soon publish the novel in print; the
footnotes will stay on the web, where they will continue to grow.
http://www.wired.com/news/culture/0,1284,50468,00.html

* The license agreement for Network Associates (NA) software prohibits the
publication of reviews of the software without the company's approval. New
York State is suing the company to remove the restrictive covenant from the
license. NA says it only wants to make sure that reviewers are evaluating
the newest versions of its products. (PS: This case raises some deep
questions. Clearly users have a right to review NA software without
approval, at least until they consent to waive this right. Is it about
time to say that tearing open shrink-wrap is not a valid manifestation of
consent? If consent to licensing terms can waive rights created by
copyright law, such as fair use, does it follow that it can waive
fundamental free speech rights as well? If so, should NY stay out of the
picture and let users decide when to waive their rights? Could a journal
publisher add a similar covenant to the license it offers to
libraries? Could institutional consent to such a license bind all the
employees of the institution?)
http://www.newsbytes.com/news/02/174322.html

* SightSound Technologies has won a court decision that it owns the patent
on downloading music and video. (PS: What is disturbing about this
judgment is not that it thwarts the Napster movement, which is not relevant
to FOS, but that a company could patent the downloading of music and
video. If this can be patented, why not the downloading of text? The
wires don't know and don't care how humans interpret the bits. The
decision is also disturbing because it will hinder FOS as scholars learn to
take better advantage of the internet as a medium of scholarship and, at
least in some fields, increasingly rely on multi-media to report their
research results.)
http://zdnet.com.com/2100-1106-838049.html

----------

New on the net

* The Resource Libraries Group (RLG) has created a discussion list for
those implementing the Open Archival Information Systems (OAIS) reference
model. Subscription is free.
http://www.rlg.org/longterm/oais.html

* Bentham Science Publishers is offering free online access to all of its
2000 and 2001 journals during 2002, but only during 2002. Access is
through ingenta. (PS: What's going on here? A year from now, will
Bentham really see enough revenue in these back issues to reinstate price
limitations on access?)
http://www.bentham.org/easy.htm
(Thanks to the Manchester Metropolitan University Library.)

* Oregon State University is scanning Linus Pauling's notebooks and putting
the images online free of charge. The collection will include notebooks
from 1922 to 1994, and should be complete on February 28. Since the OSU
story says nothing about payment, I assume Pauling's estate donated these
papers, unlike Francis Crick, who got $2.5 million for his (see FOSN for
12/26/01, 1/1/02). Linus Pauling was the only man to win two unshared
Nobel prizes (Chemistry in 1954, Peace in 1962). He died in 1994.
http://osulibrary.orst.edu/specialcollections/rnb/index.html

* Version 41 of Charles W. Bailey, Jr.'s Scholarly Electronic Publishing
Bibliography is now online. The new edition cites more than 1,550
articles, books, and other printed and electronic sources on the
publication of online scholarship.
http://info.lib.uh.edu/sepb/sepb.html

* The text-e online seminar has moved on to a new text, "The New
Architecture of Information" by Stephana Broadbent and Francesco
Cara. This paper will be the subject of the online discussion until
February 28.
http://text-e.org/conf/index.cfm?ConfText_ID=10

* The Public Knowledge Project at the University of British Columbia has
released a Research Support Tool (RST) to accompany content posted to its
online publishing system. When users pull up an article, the RST will
automatically create a sidebar of links to useful auxiliary
information. There is a working demo at the site. The RST has been
implemented so far only for the field of education, but it will soon extend
to other disciplines.
http://www.pkp.ubc.ca/demos/rsttour/index.html

* The UBC's Public Knowledge Project has also released Open Conference
Systems, free software for organizing scholarly conferences and publishing
their proceedings to the internet.
http://www.pkp.ubc.ca/ocs/index.html

* There's an interesting discussion now taking place on ERIL-L (Electronic
Resources in Libraries) on the question whether library bibliographic
records should contain links to Amazon and other commercial bookstores so
that researchers can take advantage of their online reviews, tables of
contents, and other services, including of course the possibility of purchase.
http://listserv.binghamton.edu/cgi-bin/wa.exe?A1=ind0202&L=eril-l#14
(Free registration required.)

* Peek-a-booty has finally launched. Peek-a-booty is a P2P program for
bypassing censorship imposed by governments, ISP's, employers, schools, or
libraries (see FOSN for 5/25/01, 7/10/01). It was supposed to launch in
July 2001, but was delayed to plug some security holes. Although it has
now launched, its developers say it won't be secure enough to use for
another six months. Peek-a-booty is especially promising because the
previous leader in this niche, SafeWeb, recently removed its free service
from the web, at least temporarily (FOSN for 9/21/01, 11/26/01).

Peek-a-booty home page
http://www.peek-a-booty.org/pbhtml/index.php

News stories on the launch
http://www.theregister.co.uk/content/6/24099.html
http://news.com.com/2100-1001-839764.html

----------

In other publications

* In the March issue of the _MIT Technology Review_, Wade Rousch asks
whether we are witnessing the death of digital rights management. The
question doesn't arise because content companies are abandoning DRM in
favor of free online access, but because the DRM providers are slashing
their workforces and going out of business. Rousch's diagnosis: partly
the dot-com recession, partly "technological shortcomings" of DRM (some
which hurt the provider, some which hurt the reader or consumer), partly a
shortage of paying customers for DRM-protected online content, partly a
shake-out and consolidation of the DRM manufacturers. I sense another
factor implicit in Rousch's discussion:   corporate indecision about what
the software should do, that is, how much it should alienate users in order
to protect providers.
http://www.techreview.com/articles/innovation10302.asp

* Also in the March _MIT Technology Review_, Seth Shulman reports on the
November 9-11 conference on the public domain at Duke University (FOSN for
11/26/01). What makes the conference notable for Shulman is the way it
brought different kinds of intellectual property (IP) activists together
the way the environmental movement brought different kinds of environmental
activists together. Once we realized that environmental issues were
interwoven, groups that differed in focus or emphasis had good reasons to
work together. IP activists are now coming to the same
realization. "These issues are interwoven because they all involve
balancing similar kinds of private and public needs in a knowledge-based
economy. And yet, the various parties -—from the League for Programming
Freedom to the American Library Association-— have tended to work in
isolation on their own narrow sets of issues. But the parochialism is
fading as parties learn they’re arguing about the same issues. Which is
why the Duke meeting could go down as a watershed: it marked the start of
an organized movement to protect the conceptual commons."
http://www.techreview.com/articles/shulman0302.asp
(Thanks to Red Rock Eater.)

* In the March issue of _Cites & Insights_, Walt Crawford responds to the
Theodore Zeldin and Jason Epstein symposium papers at Text-e. (He
responded to four other Text-e symposium papers in the February issue.) He
also evaluates the last 2001 issue of _Library Hi Tech_, which is devoted
to ebooks, and has kind words for FOSN, saying it "provides a fine mix of
personal commentary and annotated links." Thanks, Walt.
http://home.att.net/~wcc.techx/civ2i4.pdf

* In a guest editorial in the March issue of _New Architect_, John Perry
Barlow interprets the current state of copyright law. "[J]ust as sharing
makes us civilized, it's sharing that makes civilization....I know that
this is a fairly obvious observation. That's why I'm stunned that so many
kinds of sharing have suddenly, without public debate, become criminal
acts. For instance, lending a book to a friend is still all right, but
letting him read the same book electronically is now a theft." In
discussing the DeCSS and Felten cases: "Suddenly, it's as though there is
no difference between discussing murder and committing it."
http://www.newarchitectmag.com/documents/s=2444/new1011650821755/index.html

* In a February 21 posting to _WoPEc_ (of a July 2001 paper), Robert Parks
argues that not even free online journals will solve the serials crisis
because free online journals will not give authors an incentive to submit
their works to them rather than to the priced journals. He doesn't predict
that FOS will fail to materialize, only that at best it will co-exist with
priced journals. Some of his arguments are very weak: authors don't
really want more readers, because this costs them additional time in
responding to their queries. When editorial boards resign to create FOS
journals, they are replaced. Readers don't care whether journals cost a
lot of money provided their institutions pay the costs. (PS: Parks gives
many reasons to think that incentives to use priced journals might
persist. But he does very little to show that these incentives are strong,
durable, or weightier than contrary incentives. Author incentives are an
important problem for FOS. But all the indicia of significance and
prestige can belong to FOS journals, even if cultivating them takes
time. And already FOS journals give authors a larger audience, superior
visibility, and greater impact, which are overriding incentives for a
growing number of authors.)
http://econwpa.wustl.edu:8089/eps/mic/papers/0202/0202005.pdf

* In a February 18 article in the _New York Times_, Sarah Milstein
describes the rise of a defensive intellectual property tactic: instead of
obtaining patents or copyrights, putting the ideas into the public domain
so that competitors cannot patent or copyright them. (PS: When
self-interest joins good policy, good policy is sure to prevail.)
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/02/18/technology/ebusiness/18NECO.html

* The February issue of _D-Lib_ Magazine contains several FOS-related articles.
http://www.dlib.org/dlib/february02/02contents.html

Stewart Granger, "Digital Preservation and Deep Infrastructure"
http://www.dlib.org/dlib/february02/granger/02granger.html

Makx Dekkers and Stuart L. Weibel, "Dublin Core Metadata Initiative
Progress Report and Workplan for 2002"
http://www.dlib.org/dlib/february02/weibel/02weibel.html

John Kirriemuir, "Video Gaming, Education and Digital Learning
Technologies: Relevance and Opportunities" (see FOSN for 10/5/01)
http://www.dlib.org/dlib/february02/kirriemuir/02kirriemuir.html

Eric F. Van de Velde, "OpenURL Standardization Moving Forward"
http://www.dlib.org/dlib/february02/02inbrief.html#VANDEVELDE

Peter J. Quinn, "The Astrophysical Virtual Observatory"
http://www.dlib.org/dlib/february02/02inbrief.html#QUINN

Susanne Dobratz, Birgit Matthaei, and Dr. Peter Schirmbacher, "Open
Archives Forum"
http://www.dlib.org/dlib/february02/02inbrief.html#DOBRATZ

* In the February 17 _New York Times_, William Broad reports on steps taken
by the Bush administration to block public access to ever larger bodies of
scientific knowledge in order to keep it out of the hands of terrorists.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/02/17/politics/17SECR.html

In the February 20 _Chronicle of Higher Education_ Kate Galbraith tells the
comparable story in Britain.
http://chronicle.com/daily/2002/02/2002022003n.htm
(Accessible only to CHE subscribers.)

Another story on the British development, this one accessible without
subscription.
http://news.independent.co.uk/uk/legal/story.jsp?story=120601

* In a February 18 _CNN_ story, Scarlet Pruitt reviews recent DMCA
litigation for the general public, including the Sklyarov and Felten
cases. This is a good introduction to the many problems identifiefd in the
DMCA.
http://www.cnn.com/2002/TECH/industry/02/18/copyright.law.idg/index.html

* In a February 15 article for _LLRX.com_, Mary Minow summarizes the
implications of the USA PATRIOT Act for the privacy of library patrons
using library internet terminals.
http://www.llrx.com/features/usapatriotact.htm

* In a February 13 story for _Salon_, Christopher Dreher reports on the
rise of government demands that bookstores reveal who is buying what.
http://www.salon.com/books/feature/2002/02/13/bookstores/index.html?x
(Thanks to LIS News.)

* The February issue of _RLG DigiNews_ contains several FOS-related articles.
http://www.rlg.org/preserv/diginews/diginews6-1.html

Trevor Jones and Beth Sandore, "We don't know the first thing about
digitization"
http://www.rlg.org/preserv/diginews/diginews6-1.html#feature1

Kizer Walker, "Integrating a Free Digital Resource: The Status of 'Making
of America' in Academic Library Collections"
http://www.rlg.org/preserv/diginews/diginews6-1.html#feature2

Feature on METS: Metadata Encoding and Transmission Standard
http://www.rlg.org/preserv/diginews/diginews6-1.html#hws

* The February issue of _Cultivate Interactive_ has a large number of
FOS-related articles.
http://www.cultivate-int.org/issue6/

David Fuegi, "Russia Joins the Cultivate Family"
http://www.cultivate-int.org/issue6/russia/

Silke Grossman et al., "Regnet: Cultural Heritage in Regional Networks"
http://www.cultivate-int.org/issue6/regnet/

Gordon Clapworthy, "BioNet"
http://www.cultivate-int.org/issue6/bionet/

Adelheit Stein et al., "The COLLATE Collaboratory"
http://www.cultivate-int.org/issue6/collate/

John Perkins, "Disclosing Digital Cultural Wealth: Museums and the Open
Archives Initiative"
http://www.cultivate-int.org/issue6/cimi/
("Sustained testing of the OAI protocol seems a logical and sensible
research initiative that will bring us closer to making the rich
information resources museums hold more widely available to researchers and
other users.")

Monica Segbert, "[Digital Library] News from the Russian State Library"
http://www.cultivate-int.org/issue6/rsl/

Edwin Klijn, "SEPIA: Safeguarding European Photographic Images for Access"
http://www.cultivate-int.org/issue6/sepia/

Esther Gregory and Michael Ryan, "CHILDE: Children's Historical Literature
Disseminated Throughout Europe"
http://www.cultivate-int.org/issue6/childe/

Carol Peters, "Cross-Language Evaluation Forum (CLEF)"
http://www.cultivate-int.org/issue6/clef/

Annette Kelly and Caroline Clery, "Activate: New Access And Services For
Cultural Content"
http://www.cultivate-int.org/issue6/activate/

Miloš Drdácký and Jan Válek, "ARCCHIP: Advanced Research Centre for
Cultural Heritage Interdisciplinary Projects"
http://www.cultivate-int.org/issue6/arcchip/

Monika Segbert, Anna Maria Balogh and Rima Kupryte and Darius Cuplinskas,
"eIFL: Electronic Information for Libraries"
http://www.cultivate-int.org/issue6/eifl/
(A good introduction to this important program and some related programs
with which it achieves synergy. "There are many projects supported by the
European Union that can and could use the network created through the eIFL
network to transfer knowledge and research results, enable closer
networking with institutions in the EU, and aid capacity building pioneered
in the 10 years of OSI operations in the region.")

* In a position paper presented at the NSF Workshop on Open Source Software
(last revised 2/4/02), Walt Scacchi explores the "processes, practices, and
communities that give rise to open source software". Scacchi makes
cultural observations about open source developers that transfer well to
the scholars in the FOS movement. For example: "[O]pen source developers
appear to have a unique work culture including priorities such as seeking
the truth, developing a professional reputation through software
development, believing in the value of free software, and pursuing their
own preferences in work." Scacchi points out that physicists are more
likely to believe that open source software advances research than
scientists in genomics and other fields closely tied to potential patents.
http://makeashorterlink.com/?W1752137
(Thanks to Red Rock Eater.)

* _NewScientist_ has published a series of letters to the editor about its
experiment with copyleft (see FOSN for 2/6/02).
http://www.newscientist.com/hottopics/copyleft/forumhome.jsp

* In a recent but undated story for _KnoxNews_, Larisa Brass describes how
the digital revolution has changed the job description of librarians.
http://makeashorterlink.com/?S49921C6
(Thanks to LIS News.)

* In a recent working paper posted to Indiana University's Center for
Social Informatics, Rob Kling and two co-authors describe what they call
"Guild Publishing" as a fifth model of free online scholarly publishing,
after ejournals, hybrid paper-electronic journals, authors posting to their
own web sites, and self-archiving to institutional or disciplinary
archives. Guild Publishing is the free online dissemination of working
papers or technical reports sponsored by academic departments of research
institutes. For example, all major U.S. computer science departments, and
250 others around the world, sponsor research manuscript series, as do all
major research institutes of high energy physics. Kling and his co-authors
enumerate six advantages of Guild Publishing: local control, ease of
innovation, quality control through "career review" (based on the
reputation of the department or institute), accessibility, economy, and
compatibility with other publishing models. They also list three
disadvantages.
http://www.slis.indiana.edu/csi/WP/WP02-01B.html

* In another recent working paper posted to IU's CSI, Rob Kling traces the
evolution of E-Biomed into PubMed Central. He studies postings to
discussion lists and concludes that Harold Varmus' original idea for
E-Biomed responded to criticism and objections raised by publishers and
scientific societies. An incidental conclusion of some weight is that
"scientific societies and individual scientists they represent do not
always have identical interests, especially in regards to scientific
e-publishing".
http://www.slis.indiana.edu/csi/WP/wp01-03B.html

* In a January 15 story in _UPI_, Sam Vaknin explores the future of
electronic publishing, commercial publishers' clumsy embrace of the
internet, and the prospect that priced online content can attract a paying
audience. He predicts that online commercial publishing will start to
flourish "as hardware improves and becomes ubiquitous, as content becomes
more attractive, as more versatile information taxonomies are introduced,
as the Internet becomes more gender-neutral, polyglot, and
cosmopolitan....This renaissance will probably be aided by the gradual
decline of print magazines and by a strengthening movement for free open
source scholarly publishing."
http://www.upi.com/view.cfm?StoryID=15012002-114354-4715r

* The January issue of _Information Research_ is devoted to Cross-Lingual
Information Retrieval Research.
http://informationr.net/ir/7-2/infres72.html

* In the January issue of the _Journal of the Medical Library Association_,
Rollo Turner explains why electronic journals have not reduced journal
prices or simplified licensing contracts. (PS: The good news is that most
of the costs Turner identifies for ejournals exist only for priced journals
that want to restrict access to paying customers.)
http://www.pubmedcentral.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=64766
(Thanks to Shelflife.)

* In a December 10 article in _The Scientist_, Isaac Ginsburg argues that
the tendency to disregard older research literature is a threat to honest
science. He enumerates several causes for this "Disregard Syndrome". Not
on his list, but implicit in his discussion of the "pre-Medline era", is
the tendency of researchers to prefer the convenience of free online
searches to the inconvenience of paper searches, even if free online
searches are limited in scope to recent literature. (PS: True. We just
have to be careful not to confuse the solution with the problem. The
solution is to extend the convenience of FOS to more of scientific
literature, not to retreat from this convenience. For more, see my
comments on the death of Ellen Roche in FOSN for 8/23/01.)
http://www.the-scientist.com/yr2001/dec/opin_011210.html

The January 21 issue contains several letters to the editor on the
Disreegard Syndrome.
http://www.the-scientist.com/yr2002/jan/let_020121.html

Eugene Garfield's commentary on the Disregard Syndrome.
http://www.the-scientist.com/yr2002/jan/comm_020121.html
(Thanks to LIS News.)

----------

Following up

* Noam Chomsky's Turkish publisher has been acquitted of violating Turkey's
anti-terrorist laws by publishing Chomsky's latest book of essays. (For
the background, see FOSN for 1/30/02.)
http://chronicle.com/daily/2002/02/2002021404n.htm
(Accessible only to CHE subscribers.)

* California Supreme Court will hear the Bunner appeal, the state-court
version of the DeCSS case (see FOSN for 12/5/01). Bunner won a lower-court
decision that the First Amendment gave him the right to publish the DeCSS
source code for bypassing copy-protection on DVD's.
http://makeashorterlink.com/?I1182227

----------

Conferences

If you plan to attend one of the following conferences, please share your
observations with us through our discussion forum.

* Integrating @ Internet Speed: Strategies for the Content Community
[conference on reference linking]
http://www.pa.utulsa.edu/nfais/Conf2002/anco2002highlights.htm
Philadelphia, February 24-27

* Getting your message across: How learned societies and other
organizations can influence public and government opinion
http://www.alpsp.org/s250202.htm
London, February 25

* Electronic Journals --Solutions in Sight?
http://www.subscription-agents.org/conference/200202/index.html
London, February 25-26

* [Public lecture], Will Thomas and Ed Ayers, "The Next Generation of
Digital Scholarship: An Experiment in Form
http://www.neh.gov/news/ehumanities.html
Washington, D.C., February 27

* Meeting of the Digital Preservation Coalition
http://www.onlinepublishingnews.com/htm/n20020204.047633.htm
London, February 27

* A Symposium on the Research Value of Printed Materials in the Digital Age
http://www.lib.umd.edu/TSD/PRES/symposium.html
College Park, Maryland, March 1

* International Spring School on the Digital Library and E-publishing for
Science and Technology
http://cwis.kub.nl/~ticer/spring02/index.htm
Geneva, March 3-8

* CURL ePrints Workshop
http://www.lib.gla.ac.uk/News/eprintsworkshop.shtml
Glasgow, March 4

* Search Engine Strategies
http://seminars.internet.com/sew/spring02/index.html
Boston, March 4-5

* Redefining [Digital] Preservation (ARL and the University of Michigan)
http://www.lib.umich.edu/conferences/preservation/
Ann Arbor, Michigan, March 7-8

* Towards an Information Society for All
http://www.britishcouncil.de/e/infoexch/berlin.htm
Berlin, March 8-9

* Knowledge Technologies Conference 2002
http://www.knowledgetechnologies.net/
Seattle, March 10-13

* 17th ACM Symposium on Applied Computing. Special tracks on Database and
Digital Library Technologies; Electronic Books for Teaching and Learning;
and Information Access and Retrieval
http://www.acm.org/conferences/sac/sac2002/Tracks.htm
Madrid, March 10-14

* Digitization for Cultural Heritage Professionals: An Intensive Program
http://www.ils.unc.edu/DCHP/
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, March 10-15

* EUSDIC Spring Meeting. E-Content: Divide or Rule
http://www.eusidic.org/Paris2002Spring%20Meeting.htm
Paris, March 11-12

* Open Publish 2001
http://www.open-publish.com/openpublish/
Seattle, March 11-14

* ARL Workshop on Interactive Publishing of Data on the Web
http://dl.lib.brown.edu/arl/index.html
Charlottesville, Virginia, March 11-15

* Computers in Libraries 2002
http://www.infotoday.com/cil2002/default.htm
Washington D.C., March 13-15

* International Conference on the Statistical Analysis of Textual Data
http://www.irisa.fr/manifestations/2002/JADT/welcome.htm
St. Malo, March 13-15

* The Electronic Publishers Coalition (EPC) conference on ebooks and
epublishing (obscurely titled, Electronically Published Internet
Connection, or EPIC)
http://www.epccentral.org/epic.html
Seattle, March 14-16

* Digital Resources and International Information Exchange: East-West
http://www.iliac.org/seminar/sem1.html
March 15 (Washington DC), 18 (Flushing NY), 20 (Stamford CT)

* Internet Librarian International 2002
http://www.internet-librarian.com/index.html
London, March 18-20

* The New Information Order and the Future of the Archive
http://www.ed.ac.uk/iash/archive.conference.html
Edinburgh, March 20-23

* Institute of Mueum and Library Services. Building Digital Communities
http://webwise.mse.jhu.edu/
Baltimore, March 20-22

* Advanced Licensing Workshop
http://www.arl.org/scomm/licensing/advlic.html
Dallas, March 20-22

* Electronic Publishing Strategy
http://www.alpsp.org/tEPS220302.htm
London, March 22

* OCLC Institute. Steering by Standards. (A series of satellite
videoconferences.)
http://www.oclc.org/institute/events/sbs.htm
Cyberspace. OAI, March 26. OAIS, April 19. Metadata standards in the
future, May 29.

* WebSearch University
http://www.websearchu.com/
San Francisco, March 25-26; Stamford CT, April 30 - May 1; Washington DC,
September 23-24; Chicago, Octeober 22-23; Dallas, November 19-20.

* European Colloquium on Information Retrieval Research
http://www.cs.strath.ac.uk/ECIR02/
Glasgow, March 25-27

* e-Content: Discovering and Delivering Value
http://www.informationhighways.net/conf/cindex.html
Toronto, March 25-27

* New Developments in Digital Libraries
http://www.iceis.org/workshops/nddl/nddl-cfp.htm
Ciudad Real, Spain, April 2-3

* The New Information Order and the Future of the Archive
http://www.ed.ac.uk/iash/archive.conference.html
Edinburgh, March 20-23

* Copyright Management in Higher Education: Ownership, Access and Control
http://www.umuc.edu/distance/odell/cip/copy_manage2002/
Adelphi, Maryland, April 4-5

* Global Knowledge Partnership Annual Meeting
http://makeashorterlink.com/?F21C3456
Addis Ababa, April 4-5

* International Conference on Information Technology: Coding and Computing
http://www.cs.clemson.edu/~srimani/itcc2002/cfp.html
Las Vegas, April 8-10

* NetLab and Friends: 10 Years of Digital Library Development
http://www.lub.lu.se/netlab/conf/
Lund, April 10-12

* E-Content 2002 (on ebooks)
http://litc.sbu.ac.uk/econtent/index.html
London, April 11

* Censorship and Free Access to Information in Libraries and on the Internet
http://www.db.dk/kon/temadag/Censurogytringsfrihed_eng.htm
Copenhagen, April 11

* International Learned Journals Seminar: We Can't Go On Like This: The
Future of Journals
http://www.alpsp.org/s120402.htm
London, April 12

* SIAM International Conference on Data Mining
http://www.siam.org/meetings/sdm02/
Arlington, Virginia, April 11-13

* Creating access to information: EBLIDA workshop on getting a better deal
from your information licences
http://www.eblida.org/conferences/licensing/licensing.htm
The Hague, April 12

* Licensing Electronic Resources to Libraries
http://www.arl.org/scomm/licensing/pworkshop.html
Philadelphia, April 15

* United Kingdom Serials Group Annual Conference and Exhibition
http://www.uksg.org/conference.htm
University of Warwick, April 15- 17

* Conference on Computers, Freedom, and Privacy
http://www.cfp2002.org/
San Francisco, April 16-19

* EDUCAUSE Networking 2002
http://www.educause.edu/netatedu/events/net2002/
Washington, D.C., April 17-18

* Museums and the Web 2002
http://www.archimuse.com/mw2002/
Boston, April 17-20

* Legal Guidelines for Use of Intellectual Property in Higher Education
http://www.oneonta.edu/conference/copyright/
Oneonta, NY, April 19

* Information, Knowledges and Society: Challenges of A New Era
http://www.congreso-info.cu/venglish.htm
Havana, April 22-26

* DAI Institute on The State of Digital Preservation: An International
Perspective
http://www.clir.org/agenda-digpres.html
Washington, D.C., April 24-25

* The European Library: The Gate to Europe's Knowledge: Milestone Conference
http://www.europeanlibrary.org/
Frankfurt am Main, April 29-30

----------

The Free Online Scholarship Newsletter is supported by a grant from the
Open Society Institute.
http://www.osi.hu/infoprogram/

==========

This is the Free Online Scholarship Newsletter (ISSN 1535-7848).

Please feel free to forward any issue of the newsletter to interested
colleagues. If you are reading a forwarded copy of this issue, you may
subscribe by signing up at the FOS home page.

FOS home page, general information, subscriptions, editorial position
http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/index.htm

FOS Newsletter, subscriptions, back issues
http://www.topica.com/lists/suber-fos

FOS Discussion Forum, subscriptions, postings
http://www.topica.com/lists/fos-forum

Guide to the FOS Movement
http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/guide.htm

Sources for the FOS Newsletter
http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/sources.htm

Peter Suber
http://www.earlham.edu/~peters

Copyright (c) 2002, Peter Suber
http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/copyrite.htm

** If you receive this newsletter by email, then please delete the "easy
unsubscribe" footer (below) before forwarding it to friends or
colleagues. It contains a code identifying you as the original recipient
of the email. If someone down the forwarding chain clicks on the
unsubscribe link, then you will be unsubscribed. **
	
 Previous Message All Messages Next Message 
  Check It Out!

  Topica Channels
 Best of Topica
 Art & Design
 Books, Movies & TV
 Developers
 Food & Drink
 Health & Fitness
 Internet
 Music
 News & Information
 Personal Finance
 Personal Technology
 Small Business
 Software
 Sports
 Travel & Leisure
 Women & Family

  Start Your Own List!
Email lists are great for debating issues or publishing your views.
Start a List Today!

© 2001 Topica Inc. TFMB
Concerned about privacy? Topica is TrustE certified.
See our Privacy Policy.