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Health Tips #5 ~ [Issue 1299-2]  Wellness Weekly
 Dec 14, 1999 15:57 PST 
DEALING WITH FROST BITE

Whatever you do, avoid massaging frost-bitten areas of the skin
because it is very easy to damage the tissues. The best treatment is
to apply warmth. For instance, blowing on the area is usually helpful
to begin the restoration of circulation, which will naturally warm
the area. If your face is involved, hold your warm hands on it. If
your hands and fingers are affected, place them in your armpits or
between your legs. Walking briskly inside will help restore
circulation in the legs. The application of warm (not hot) water will
help - be extremely careful not to burn the area. Remember that you
have reduced feeling / nerve sensitivity in those areas, so whatever
you do, proceed with caution.

PASSIVE SMOKERS

The American Cancer Society states that women who have never smoked
but are married to smokers have about a twenty percent higher lung
cancer death rate than women married to men who have never smoked.

HIGH-HEELED SHOES & OSTEOARTHRITIS

Wearing high heels may contribute to osteoarthritis of the knee, say
D. Casey Kerrigan and Patrick O. Riley of Harvard Medical School and
Mary K. Todd of Spaudling Rehabilitation Hospital. Osteoarthritis of
the knee is twice as common in women as in men and in women usually
occurs in both knees. They wondered whether high-heeled shoes alter
the function of the ankle so that compensations must occur in the hip
joints or knees. To find out, they measured joint torques at the
hips, knees, and ankles. Kerrigan and his colleagues studied 20
healthy women who were comfortable wearing high heels. Each was asked
to walk at her personal comfortable speed along a 10-meter runway,
both barefoot and in her own high-heeled shoes. The resulting data
were plotted, analyzed statistically, and so forth. It was confirmed
that wearing high-heeled shoes significantly alters the normal
function of the ankle and that compensations must occur at the knee
and hip to maintain stability and progression during walking. The
authors say osteoarthritis of the knee has not previously been
suggested as a result of the compensations, but they think it bears
further investigation.

DIABETES ON THE RISE

The rate of the most common type diabetes has been rising
dramatically. According to the American Diabetes Association, the
incidence of Type 2 diabetes rose by nine percent per year between
1987 and 1996. Researchers seem to think the reason for the surge is
in part the fact that we are getting older and fatter, with a
decreased amount of physical activity. In addition, there have been
major changes in diet. They believe that diabetes and obesity are
likely to emerge as the predominant public health concerns of the
early twenty-first century.
	
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